-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Antoine Gouan to Carl Linnaeus, 7 April 1760 n.s.
Dated 1760 april. d. 7. Sent from Montpellier (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Antoine GouanGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
is grateful for Linnaeus’s answer [Linnaeus to Gouan, 4 March 1760Letter L2700]. Gouan notes that Linnaeus and the members of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] were pleased with his descriptions of Squalus and Phycis; he now will publish his work.

Gouan sends a description of Lepidoteris.

Gouan discusses Phycis, Capriscus, Scolopax, Ophidion, Taenia, Uranoscopus, etc.

Giulio PontederaPontedera, Giulio (1688-1757).
Italian. Director of the botanical
garden and professor of botany at Padua.
He rejected Linnaeus’s system. Linnaeus
named a family of Narcissoides,
Pontederia, after him.
has been succeeded by a young man, totally unknown [the successor’s name was Giovanni MarsiliMarsili, Giovanni (1727-1794).
Italian. Botanist, Professor of Botany
and curator of the Padua Botanical

Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had been sent to Alexandria with a physician called Roche [Gouan means Bartolomo Giambattista RoncoRonco, Bartolomo Giambattista
]. Ronco had attacked Donati physically and was recalled by the King of Sicily [Gouan presumably means the King of Sardinia, Carlo Emanuele III de SavoieCarlo Emanuele III, King of Sardinia
(1701-1773). Italian. Reigned
] to be punished.

Gouan eagerly awaits Linnaeus’s disciple Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
, to whom he will give plants, insects and whatever he wants.

In France they do not live under Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon’sBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
influence as Linnaeus had believed. Gouan considers Buffon to be totally ignorant. In fact, Buffon is more ignorant in every part of natural history than a student of medicine. Buffon’s followers are equally ignorant and fanatical.

There are few people in France that Gouan can correspond with except for François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. There is also a lack of books that Gouan would like to consult. Out of all the works that Linnaeus quotes in Systema naturae [Gouan refers to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
], there are only parts of “Museum Fridericianum” [Gouan menas Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
] to be had in Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.
. Gouan has never seen “Museum Gronovianum” [Gouan refers to Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
], Museum TessinianumLinnaeus, Carl Museum
Tessinianum, opera illustrissimi comitis
Dom. Car. Gust. Tessin [...]
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 1081.
or “Museum Fridericianum” [Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis Suecorum]. There is no mention of the excellent Eduard [Gouan means George EdwardEdwards, George (1693-1773).
British. Ornithologist and artist.
Visited the Netherlands, France and
Scandinavia. Best known for his
History of birds (1747-1751).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], Pehr OsbeckOsbeck, Pehr (1723-1805).
Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer.
Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus
1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the
Swedish East India Company on voyages to
China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
or Fredrik HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. The Phalaenae and things that Gouan possesses will be sent together with illustrations, when possible. Gouan asks Linnaeus to send his letters and books via Christian HolmHolm, Christian Swedish.
Consul, Sêté.
, Swedish consul in Montpellier; it will be faster and cheaper that way.

P.S. Gouan will send Chalcis lacerta. He asks Linnaeus to send him illustrations of Polynemus, Fistularia, Loricaria, Cyclopterus, etc., which he will insert in his work.


a. (LS, V, 148-149). [1] [2] [3]