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Link: • Thomas Pennant to Carl Linnaeus, 6 June 1760 n.s.
Dated 6th 1760. Sent from London (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in English.


Thomas PennantPennant, Thomas (1726-1798).
British. Naturalist, best known for his
works on zoology. Correspondent of
thanks Linnaeus for his favour of the 22 April [1760] [Linnaeus to Pennant, 22 April 1760Letter L6307]. He was pleased to read Linnaeus’s promise of a more punctual and frequent correspondence for the future.

There are as yet only four numbers of John Miller’sMiller, John (1715-1780).
German. Painter and engraver. Moved to
London in 1744. Published Illustratio
systematis sexualis Linnaei
work published [Pennant refers to A collection of 10 coloured plates of plants and insectsMiller, John A collection of
10 coloured plates of plants and
insects, with descriptive letter
(London, 1759-1760).
]. The insects that Miller has engraved are enumerated below. The plants are exhibited in all their states as are the insects to which they belong. Miller is a native of Nuremberg and was previously partner with the famous Raesel [August Johann Rösel von RosenhofRösel von Rosenhof, August
(1705-1759). German.
Naturalist and painter.
] but left him on some dispute. The figures are engraved on large folio and finely coloured. The price is 5 shillings each number. There are two plates and a sheet of explanation in each. The preface to Linnaeus’s fifth class is given with the work, but so badly translated that Pennant hopes to get it put into clearer terms and better language. Pennant is ready to assist Linnaeus regarding insectology but he is only a novice in that field of natural history. However, he has a rising passion for it and has sent to Germany for the works of Raesel [Der monatlich-herausgegebenen Insecten-BelustigungRösel von Rosenhof, August
Insecten-Belustigung erster [-vierter]
Theil [...] Nebst einer Vorrede, in
welcher von dem Nutzen der Insecten
gehandelt, was sie seyen gezeiget, und
von der Eintheilung derselben Nachricht
gegeben wird
, 4 vol.
(Nürnberg, 1746-[1761].
], Frische [Johann Leonhard FrischFrisch, Johann Leonhard
(1666-1743). German. High school rector
in Berlin.
, Beschreibung von allerley Insecten in TeutschlandFrisch, Johann Leonhard
Beschreibung von allerley Insecten in
Teutschland, nebst nützlichen
Anmerckungen und nöthigen
Abbildungen von diesen kriechenden und
fliegenden inlandischen Gewürme
, 1-13 (Berlin 1720-1738).
] and Charles De GeerDe Geer, Charles (1720-1778).
Swedish. Entomologist and natural
history collector, Leufsta Bruk. Member
of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
in Stockholm and Académie des
sciences, Paris. Corresponded with
Réaumur, Bonnet and other
naturalists. Husband of Catharina
Charlotta Ribbing and father of Emanuel
De Geer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[Memoires pour servir à l’histoire des insectesDe Geer, Charles Memoires
pour servir a l'histoire des
, 8 vol. (Stockholm
]. Pennant would like to receive as many works as possible that are quoted in Linnaeus’s Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.

The previous day Pennant found an insect feeding on a rose flower. He describes it as Scarabaeus parvus, etc.

Linnaeus’s letter reached Pennant in London. When Pennant returns home, Linnaeus will have a further account of the few insects that he has. He asks Linnaeus to give him the name of a friend in London who can forward Pennant’s books and parcels to Linnaeus. The Totti brothers [Pennant refers to Charles TottieTottie, Charles (1703-1776).
Swedish. Merchant of Scottish origin,
owner of the trading house in Stockholm,
Tottie & Arfwedson, together with
his brother Wilhelm Tottie.
and Wilhelm TottieTottie, William (1705-1776).
Swedish. Merchant of Scottish origin,
owner of the trading house in Stockholm,
Tottie & Arfwedson, together with
his brother Charles Tottie.
] will take care of everything that Linnaeus sends from Stockholm. Pennant now has Edward Lhwyd’sLhwyd, Edward (1660_1709).
British. Antiquary, geologist, botanist
and philologist, keeper of the Ashmolean
Museum, Oxford. He travelled extensively
in Wales to collect material for his
drawings and paintings.
Lithophylacii Britannici ichnographiaLhwyd, Edward Lithophylacii
Britannici ichnographia. Sive lapidum
aliorumque fossilium Britannicorum
singulari figura insignium [...]
distributio classica [...] cum locis
singulorum natalibus [...] Additis
rariorum aliquot figuris aere incisis;
cum epistolis ad clarissimos viros de
quibusdam circa marina fossilia et
stirpes minerales praesertim
(London, 1699)
ready to send. There will also be one number of Miller’s work.

Pennant has enclosed a drawing from John Nienhoff [presumably Jan NienhoffNienhoff, Jan Estonian.
Engraver in the late seventeenth
or someone related to him] of the animal that Pennant has mentioned earlier [on the drawing there is a note saying that the animal is called Inkotyro sinensium]. He wants Linnaeus to give him his opinion.

A new natural history society is going to be formed at Oxford. Every member will be bound to produce annually a copper-plate, finely engraved, of some subject of British natural history. Though Pennant has long quitted the university he subscribes as a member and will send Linnaeus the works of the Society. Pennant has completed his collection of fossils. The previous year Pennant married a very lovely woman, who to many other good qualities adds that of love for natural history.

Emanuel Mendes Da CostaDa Costa, Emanuel Mendes
(1717-1791). British. Naturalist of
Portugese descent. Correspondent of
is said to be about to publish a second part [Pennant refers presumably to A natural history of fossilsDa Costa, Emanuel Mendes A
natural history of fossils
, but a second part was never published]. Pennant thinks, just as Linnaeus, that Da Costa has confused the subject by his numerous divisions. George EdwardsEdwards, George (1693-1773).
British. Ornithologist and artist.
Visited the Netherlands, France and
Scandinavia. Best known for his
History of birds (1747-1751).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has published a second part of the Gleanings of natural historyEdwards, George Gleanings of
natural history, exhibiting figures of
quadrupeds, birds, insects, plants
3 vol. ( London, 1758-1764).
. Linnaeus had better see these works before he publishes his third volume [of the Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
; the 10th edition was published in two volumes, “Animalia” 1758 and “Vegetabilia” 1759. The third volume, “Mineralia” was never published].

As soon as Pennant has returned to Downing, he will devote himself to the study of insects and send Linnaeus all that he can collect. But he expects a reward for his labours. He therefore wants Linnaeus to send him a complete set of his works. He is sorry that Linnaeus considers Museum TessinianumLinnaeus, Carl Museum
Tessinianum, opera illustrissimi comitis
Dom. Car. Gust. Tessin [...]
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 1081.
too dear a book. It was once sold in London for only a guinea.

Pennant sends a list of his natural history books with some forty items.

Pennant asks Linnaeus what the synonyms are the Triton 658, etc.


a. (LS, XI, 426-428). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]