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Link: • Clas Alströmer to Carl Linnaeus, 6 September 1760 n.s.
Dated 6 September 1760. Sent from Sevilla (Spain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
has, since he last wrote [Alströmer to Linnaeus, 12 August 1760Letter L2774], visited Cadiz twice in order to see Fredrik LogieLogie, Fredrik (1739-1785).
Swedish. Studied under Linnaeus in
Uppsala. Army officer. Forwarded to
Linnaeus the natural history specimens
sent by his brother Alexander from
Algier. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who is on his way home, and a botanist, who is travelling to America. Alströmer has now proceeded up the Guadalquivir River to Seville, through a flat clayey landscape that might be of utility were its inhabitants not barbarians. Nothing but salicornia and salsolae grow in it; the people burn Chenopodia to produce soda, called barilla in Spanish. Seville is large, populous and set among olive, orange and lemon groves, and vineyards; Alströmer has seen a three-year-old Musa in a garden. It is full of Gothic, Roman, Moorish and Holy remains, and of people who, like the other Spaniards, are stupid and brutish; Alströmer avers merchants, priests and noblemen have asked him whether Sweden is a city or has a harbour or a king, and similarly ignorant things. They are ignorant of their own country and Alströmer avers that on leaving a town, he knows it better than its inhabitants. With the ship Hindrik and Captain WeyliWeyli, ?. Captain on the ship
from Cadiz, Alströmer has sent to Linnaeus an Amaryllis Belladonna, which should be communicated to Linnaeus through Kryger [Samuel Gottlieb KrügerKrüger, Samuel Gottlieb
(d. 1765). Swedish. Consul,
Helsingör, Denmark between
1747-1764. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] in Helsingør. Furthermore, with the same ship that brings Logie home, together with the crew of the ship Fama, the name of the ship is Wrede, with Tollberg as the captain, Alströmer has sent from Cadiz the following items:

Cynomorium coccineum in a box of sand that would have also contained an Anabasis tamariscifolia but for the clumsiness of a monk.

A grey-paper package of plants found between Cadiz and Gibraltar and numbered to facilitate Linnaeus informing him of their correct names; he knows many but, on account of travel, over-inquisitive people and the heat, he has not examined all of them. He asks Linnaeus also to tell Jonas Theodor FagraeusFagraeus, Jonas Theodor
(1729-1797). Swedish. Physician at
Alingsås. Correspondent of
these names that he will affix to the specimens the writer has sent him. Lastly, another small grey-paper package of seeds, of which the writer asks Linnaeus to save some for him.

Some things in the box sent to Fagraeus are for him to discuss with Linnaeus. Alströmer will try to send more of his collections. Until the rains when greenery returns, conditions are inauspicious for a naturalist. Alströmer has tried to preserve for despatch home specimens of Fulica atra and Charadius Alexandrinus, which species abound on the river, by stuffing them with Fructus capsici. He and Logie think it better to be in Sweden that in the confines of Gibraltar.

A botanist he met on a visit to Cadiz, José Celestino MútisMútis, José Celestino
(1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist.
Went to South America in 1760 and lived
in Bogotá, which due to him
became an important centre of learning.
His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts
and numerous watercolour botanical
illustrations were sent to Spain after
his death. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, will travel to Santa Fé in America as doctor to the viceroy designate, Pedro Messía Corea de la CerdaMessía Corea de la Cerda,
(1700-1783). Spanish.
Naval officer and colonial official.
From 1761-1773 he was viceroy of New
Granada (present-day Colombia,
Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador) at Santa
Fé, South America.
. The former all but worships Linnaeus and owns copies of Genera plantarum [...] editio quintaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] editio quinta ab auctore
reformata et aucta
(Stockholm 1754).
Soulsby no. 301.
[unclear which edition, here the fifth edition], Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
and Fundamenta botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Fundamenta
botanica, quae majorum operum prodromi
instar theoriam scientiae botanices per
breves aphorismos tradunt
1736). Soulsby no. 253.
and has used but does not own a copy of Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
; Alströmer has persuaded Logie to give him his own copies of that book, Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America

(Stockholm 1758).
and both volumes of the new edition of Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
[the 10th edition was published in two volumes, “Animalia” 1758 and “Vegetabilia” 1759. The third volume, “Mineralia” was never published]. The writer urges Linnaeus to communicate with Mútis in America, he may write c/o Jacob Martin BellmanBellman, Jacob Martin
(1706-1786). Swedish. Merchant, Cadiz.
Swedish consul there 1742-1766. His
brother´s son was the author Carl
Michaël Bellman.
in Cadiz. Louis GodinGodin Des Odonais, Louis
(1704-1760). French. Astronomer.
in Cadiz, who sailed from Lisbon with Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, has received him generously and, while appreciating the honour of election to the Uppsala scientific society, has let it be understood election to that in Stockholm would please him even more. Were he so elected, the advantage to Linnaeus would be palpable, if mainly in matters other than natural history.

José CarbonellCarbonell, José
, Godin’s colleague in the Cadiz academy, awaits not only the books Alsrömer asked Linnaeus to send him but any request Linnaeus wishes to make of him. He has promised to collect specimens of Flores arboris draconis and has fine collections of shells and corals. Alströmer concludes by greeting Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet LinnaeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], and young Carl [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his


a. (LS, I, 66-68). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 31-34   p.31  p.32  p.33  p.34.