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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2772 • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 8 April 1760 n.s.
Dated 28 Martii S. V. 1760.. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustrissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] C[arolo] Linnaeo,
Equiti, Archiatro & Professori Regio,
S[alutem]
D[avid] de Gorter.

Nudius tertius accepi, quas 11 Martii ad me dedisti, literas.

D[ominus] Scepin non amplius curat Botanicam, venditus Cancellariae Medicae, a qua constitutus est Medicus Nosocomii.

Quae monuisti de Crassina s[ive] Zinnia, communicavi cum Academia Scientiarum & annotavi suo loco in Dissertatione Hebenstreitii de plantis quibusdam rarioribus praeterito anno Academiae tradita.

D[ominus] Panin in itinere morbo correptus nondum accessit. Degelato pelago ad Te mittam Paeoniam tenuifoliam. Rhei lacinati unica mihi praeterita aestate enata est plantula, sed valde tenera. Eandem, si hac hyeme non periit, etiam mittam. Miror hanc plantam speciosam ante meum acessum adeo neglectam fuisse. Nuperrime Academia Scientiarum accepit semina 32 plantarum ex Ohrenburgo, quae in Horto nostro Academico terrae mandata sunt. Eorum nonnulla ad Te mitto; de reliquis in schedula adjecta notatis nihil remanserat. Quaeso, ne obliviscaris ad me mittere Peloriam; optarem quoque habere semina omnium, quas habes, Specierum Hibisci.

Vera ratio, ob quam opus Kratzensteinii suppressum est, me latet. Credo vetus odium in caussa esse.

Scire aveo, quid contigit Vitaliano Donati in itinere.

D[ominus] Hebenstreit dimissionem suam ab Academia petiit & obtinuit. Vacans professio Botanices & Historiae naturalis procul dubio committetur D[omino] Koelreutero.

Hisce vale & me amare perge!

Dabam Petropoli 28 Martii S[tyli] V[eteris] 1760.

D[ominus] Koelreuter optat scire, unde habeas observationem Reamurii de Gallo lanato ex ovo Gallinae impregnatae a cuniculo.

[List of plants]

Veronica Spec. plant. n. 5.
Iris foliis ensiformibus, caule unifloro Gmel. Sib.
Melica Gmel.
Scabiosa foliis pinnatifidis pinnis dentatis Gmel. Sib.
Symphytum caule lignoso, rorismarini folio, floribus pendulis nutantibus, paleis destitutis seu Buglosum fruticosum rorismarini fol. Tourn. inst.
Allium - - -
Viscago - - -
Chamaedrys - - - forte Teucrium 14spec. pl.
Phlomis - - -
Serratula 1. spec. pl.
Carduus foliis inferioribus integris, superioribus dentatis Gmel.
Aspalathus Amm.
Astragalus caule erecto, ex alis spicato, siliquis teretibus hirsutis Hall. h. 9.
Astragalus incanus, fruticosus, foliis viciae Buxb. cent. III. T. 37.
Astragalus caule procumbente, quadrangulo, ramoso, foliis viciae, ex alis spicifer.
Astragalus spica florum laxa, leguminibus prismaticis, lanuginosis.
Astragalus acaulis legumine prismatico vilosissimo. An Astragalus triangularis Munting.
Astragalus acaulis, legumine ventricoso, glabro, seu astragalus pedunculis aphyllis, bifloris, legumine ventricoso, glabro.
Astragalus - - -

upSUMMARY

On the day before yesterday David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
received Linnaeusís letter dated 11 March [1760; this letter has not come down to us].

Constantin ScepinScepin, Constantin (1727-?).
Russian?. Physician and botanist from
Siberia, doctor of medicine in Leiden in
1758. Visited Linnaeus in Uppsala in
1759. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is no longer cultivating botany. He is now a physician at the hospital.

What Linnaeus told Gorter regarding Crassina or Zinnia was annotated by Gorter in Johann Christian HebenstreitísHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
dissertation on some rare plants [Gorter presumably refers to Dissertatio physica de cultura plantarumHebenstreit, Johann Christian
Dissertatio physica de cultura
plantarum [... ]: Praes. J.A. Ungebauer,
etc.
(Leipzig 1741).
] that he [Gorter] gave to Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg, [Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
] the previous year.

Nikita Ivanovitz PaninPanin, Nikita Ivanovitz
(1718-1783). Russian. Statesman,
ambassador in Stockholm.
has not yet arrived. He has been sick. Gorter will send Linnaeus a Paeonia tenuifolia. The previous summer one single little plant of Rheum laciniatum grew. If it does not perish this winter, Gorter will send it to Linnaeus.

Most recently the Imperial Academy received seeds from 32 plants from Ohrenburg, which have been sown in the Academy Garden. Gorter will send Linnaeus some of these seeds. Regarding the other plants annotated on a separate piece of paper, nothing had remained.

Gorter reminds Linnaeus again that he wants a Peloria. He also desires seeds of all the species of Hibisca that Linnaeus has.

Gorter does not know why Christian Gottlieb KratzensteinísKratzenstein, Christian Gottlieb
(1723-1795). Danish. Physician and
physicist. Professor in Halle, from 1754
professor of experimental physics at
Copenhagen. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
was suppressed [Gorter refers to the commentaries, written by Kratzenstein to Franz Michael RegenfussíRegenfuss, Franz Michael
(1713-1780). German. Engraver and
art-dealer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work on Conchylia, Choix de coquillages et de crustacésRegenfuss, Franz Michael
Choix de coquillages et de
crustacés peints d'après
nature, gravés, en taille douce
et illuminés de leurs vraïes
couleurs
(Copenhagen 1758).
, where the King of Denmark, Fredrik VFredrik V, (1723-1766).
Danish. Reigned Denmark and Norway
1746-1766.
, has vetoed the publication of Kratzenstein so that it was being written by a theologian, Johan Andreas CramerCramer, Johan Andreas
(1728-1788). Danish. Court chaplain.
, an assistant and a turner, Lorenz SpenglerSpengler, Lorenz (1720-1807).
Swiss. Swiss-born zoologist, who moved
to Copenhagen, Denmark in 1743.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, at the Danish Court]. However, he suspects old hatred to be the cause.

Gorter wants to know what happened to Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
during his journey.

Hebenstreit has asked for and received, his retirement from the Academy. His vacant professorship will no doubt be filled by Joseph Gottlieb KölreuterKolreuter, Joseph Gottlieb
(1733-1806). German. Botanist,
published a pioneering work on plant
hybridization.
.

P.S. Kölreuter would like to know where Linnaeus has got René-Antoine Ferchault de RéaumurísRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
observation regarding a cockerel with fur from an egg of a hen impregnated by a rabbit.

A list of plants follows on fol. 119.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 117-118, 119). [1] [2] [3]