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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2774 • Clas Alströmer to Carl Linnaeus, 12 August 1760 n.s.
Dated 12 Aug. 1760. Sent from Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Spain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
Linnaeus
thanks Linnaeus for his letter of 24 June 1760Letter L2738; encloses some seeds of the flower from Lima; mentions one of its stalks with two whole seed vessels is in his collection; and hopes shortly to send them and a listing to Linnaeus, as well as a box containing Cynomarium, a packet of seeds and another of plants. He regrets both Daniel Solander’sSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
accident, fearing it will hinder his journey, and the possibility that Jacob Martin BellmanBellman, Jacob Martin
(1706-1786). Swedish. Merchant, Cadiz.
Swedish consul there 1742-1766. His
brother´s son was the author Carl
Michaël Bellman.
will suffer in pocket for his helpfulness although, knowing as he did that the queen [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] loved science, he should not have let Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
improperly use her name. Bellman could more easily be repaid were the writer able to recover such of Löfling’s effects as are said to be in Matrid where José OrtegaOrtega, José (?-1761).
Spanish. Military pharmacist of the
Spanish army. Secretary of the Academy
of Medicine of Madrid. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
seems enviously to be retaining both his writings and collections. Alströmer expresses the thought that the Spaniards see Löfling’s death as a happy event, in that a heretic died a Christian death among Catholic priests. Fredrik LogieLogie, Fredrik (1739-1785).
Swedish. Studied under Linnaeus in
Uppsala. Army officer. Forwarded to
Linnaeus the natural history specimens
sent by his brother Alexander from
Algier. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is still in Gibraltar. Alströmer has seen virtually no insects, either morning or evening, at San Lucar de Barameda, while the heat of the day prevents him from going out lest he, as many others have, suffer from or succumb to a tavardillo, a fever with severe headache.

As correspondent in Cadiz, José CarbonellCarbonell, José
French?.
should be encouraged by being sent as mentioned earlier the works by Linnaeus. Alströmer sees this part of Spain as scorched and shadowless, with few plants or insects, but he has hopes of what is called the garden of Spain, viz. Granada and Valencia. The flowers and foliage of Capparis Spinosa beautify the earthen banks and Pancratium maritimum scents and embellishes the beaches. Cynanchum acutum flourishes in the driest sand. The writer was unfortunate with the Arbor draconis, for it had flowered by April and he obtained only ripe fruit. Carbonell has promised to send dried flowers to Linnaeus next year. The tree in the Franciscans’ garden is large; its seeds are used for rosaries. The species reached Cadiz from the Canary Islands. Once planted, they take two months to germinate. Some thin pendant leafless branches resemble stolons. Sticks of Lignum rubrum are used as toothbrushes. Perhaps not of the genus Calamus?

Erythrina corallodendron had ripe seeds from Port Marcé. When boiled, half-ripe fruit of Solanum melongena are eaten. The Moors are said, having used this plant as poison, to have left it behind them so that the Spaniards would then accidently poison themselves. The writer has not time enough to send his description of Schinus areira that he considers should be assigned to Dioecia decandria or Polygamia dioecia, for its female flowers have stamens but no pollen that he can perceive, and the male flowers like the females have three, but smaller styles and never bear fruit. The post being about to go, he greets Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet LinnaeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], and Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
, and all his friends.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, I, 64-65). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 29-31   p.29  p.30  p.31.