Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for a letter of 8 July 1760Letter L2762. He had received another (8 June 1760)Letter L2748 previously and answers both.
Jacquin is glad to hear that the seeds sent had arrived. On the other hand, the plant similar to Bryonia that Linnaeus had sent to Jacquin never arrived, so Jacquin can not help with that.
Jacquin reports that Giovanni Antonio ScopoliísScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. Flora CarniolicaScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carniolae indigenas et distributas in
classes naturales. Cum differentiis
specificis, synonymis recentiorum, locis
natalibus, nominibus incolarum,
observationibus selectis, viribus
medicis (Vienna 1760). had appeared, 600 pages, price 1 thaler. He has not yet read it in detail, and he does not know how to send a copy to Linnaeus. Scopoli has used a new system in the book but Jacquin thinks he has made a mess of it. He knows Scopoli only by hearsay and does not want to say anything about the new plants described. On the whole, Jacquin gives Linnaeus a very negative picture of Scopoliís work. Although Scopoli praises Linnaeus in the preface, he tries by all means to promote his own system and to be ironical towards Linnaeus.
Jacquin looks forward to getting a set of Swedish seeds and is busy collecting a full set of Austrian ones for Linnaeus, which he will send when Linnaeus asks for them. Ė A full description of Swietenia is followed by a number of observations on several other species.
A new work [Jacquin refers to Enumeratio systematica plantarumJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
plantarum, quas in insulis Caribaeis
vicinaque Americes continente detexit
novas, aut jam cognitas emendavit
(Leiden 1760). ] by Jacquin is sent to Linnaeus, from which he has omitted several species found but described otherwise in Johannes BurmanísBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. edition of Charles PlumierísPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works. illustrations of American plants [Jacquin refers to Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus (Amsterdam 1755-1760). ]. One of these is a Urtica, seven feet high, a burn of which Jacquin felt for two days. Jacquin did not have all information needed to publish new diagnoses of these species.
Jacquin puts a dozen detailed comments to Linnaeus on various species, often ending up by asking whether or not it is a new species.
The letter concludes with descriptions of eleven birds, most of them from the West Indies: Fulica, Phasianus, Tetrao, 2 different, Rhamphastos, 2 different, Pelecanus, found in Hungary, Coracias, four different. All these were such as Jacquin had seen or had had in cages. The descriptions are generally exhaustive as to the external appearance, including the sound, location, food habits, native name, if available, and also if it was hunted for its meat by the inhabitants of the islands. Several of them had been taken along to Europe by Jacquin, but only a few had survived the long journey and the cold European climate.
The letter contained a number of plant specimens separately specified in a list written on the inside of the cover [fol. 193], mainly Austrian species from the Alps. In many cases Jacquin is not sure of the name or the exact determinations.
On the inside of an envelope [fol. 194] there is a short, undated letter reporting that seeds of Cinna had not been good. Jacquin asks for new ones. The envelope seems to have contained a list of 250 species.