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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2788 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 19 September 1760 n.s.
Dated 1760 d. 19 septembr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Amico Suo suavissimo integerrimoque,
D[omino] D[octori] ABR[AHAM] BAECK,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Rationem redditurus tarditatis meae in scribendo, scias me magis laborasse sub feriis hisce aestivalibus, quam alii inter ferias. Mense julii docui publice in Horto omni die a 10 ad 12:mam; et dein curam gessi peregrinorum meorum. Mense Augusti attentissime pervolvi et nomina adscripsi plantis Capensibus D[omini] Profess[oris] Burmanni, quas ille solus habet in orbe fere omnes; examinavi, duro sed suavi labore, partes omnes minutissimas, quas in meum usum converti, ne quidquam dolerem amissas, dum restituerem plantas. Mense Septembri omni die legi tres horas pro Ruthenis 5 nobilibus, scilicet hora 10 Botanica, 11 Zoologica, 3 Mineralogica. Successivas dein horas non reliqui frustra abire; sic ego miser abortivam colo scientiam, dum vos auream praxin exercetis. Certe horae ita fuere nullae, ut tota mensa repleta jaceat litteris, ad quas respondere non potui.

Dicunt filiam D[omi]ni Ihre tibi affinitate nobilissima junctam fore.

Laetor, quod D[ominus] Solander sit exceptus apud Anglos; nec dubito quin, si intelligatur, ejus authoritas apud eos quotidie crescat.

Habui litteras e Gallia australi, ubi Medicus magni nominis curam instituit felicissimam cum aegro, qui pro insanabili ab omnibus habitus est, et laboravit Siphylitide scrophulosa cum exostosibus anchylosi cubili, ulceribus cancrosis labii, hectica, simplicissimo infuso plantae unicae; usi sunt Galli eo medicamento per 10 annos summo cum successu, sed semper in refracta dosi. Ejusmodi aegros habetis in vestra urbe plurimos, qui ab antiqua siphilitide ejusque reliquiis laborant per integram vitam, nec possunt curari. Medicamentum dicit Auctor curae se habuisse tamquam arcanum a Medico Gallo et ille a Sueco medico, adeoque inventionis gloriam offert illi Sueco.

Annon aliquis Westerman Holmensis redierit a suis itineribus Holmiam; si noveris, quaeso, mihi indices, cum habeat pro me semina aliquot.

Vale et vive diu felix in ornamentum rei medicae!

Upsaliae 1760 d[ie] 19 septembr[is].

Archiatren
Wälborne H[err] Doctor BAECK
Stockholm.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus is eager to explain why he has been so long in writing. Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
should know that Linnaeus has taught more this summer than anybody else. All July, he had public lectures in the garden from 10 to 12 every day, and afterwards he took care of his visiting pupils. During August, he worked at Johannes Burman’sBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
plants from the region of the Cape of Good Hope. He examined them in minute detail and added their names according to his system, so that he could be sure that this unique collection was not damaged. During September, he lectured for five Russian noblemen [Linnaeus means the brothers Alexandr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Alexandr Grigorevich
(1737-1803). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov,
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
, Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and Petr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Petr Grigorevich
(1740-1826). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Pavel Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
and their fellow traveller, Johann Rodolph de ValltraversValltravers, Johann Rodolph de
(1723-?). Swiss. Linnaeus’s student
1760-1761. Preceptor of the three
brothers Demidov. Thomas Pennant’s
intermediary with Charles De Geer.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], 10 hours botany, 11 hours zoology and 3 hours mineralogy, and the rest of the time was full of other things. His desk is quite full with letters that he has not had time to answer.

Linnaeus has heard a rumour that Johan Ihre’sIhre, Johan (1707-1780).
Swedish. Philologist. Professor of Latin
and later of eloquence and political
science at Uppsala.
daughter [Margareta Charlotta SilfverstolpeSilfverstolpe, Margareta Charlotta
(1742-1770). Swedish. Married to
David Samuel Silfverstolpe, daughter of
Johan Ihre.
] will become related to Bäck [Anna Charlotta Bäck’sBäck, Anna Charlotta
(1737-1767). Swedish. Wife of Abraham
Bäck. Born Adlerberg.
sister, Maria Inga GernerGerner, Maria Inga (1737-).
Swedish. Wife of Jacob Gerner, sister of
Anna Charlotta Bäck.
was married to Jacob GernerGerner, Jacob (1722-1794).
Swedish. Lieutenant colonel. Husband of
Maria Inga Gerner, brother of Charlotta
Johanna Ihre, brother–in-law of Johan
Ihre.
, who was a brother of Ihres second wife Charlotta Johanna IhreIhre, Johanna Charlotta
(1728-1822). Swedish. Wife of Johan
Ihre, born Gerner. Sister of Jacob
Gerner.
.

Linnaeus is glad that Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has been so well accepted in England, where he is sure that Solander’s authority will increase, when they learn to know him.

Linnaeus has received a letter from the West of France, in which a famous doctor [presumably François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to Linnaeus, 7 August 1760Letter L2780] reports a successful treatment of syphilis, a disease that Linnaeus thought would be impossible to cure. The French have a medicine that they have used successfully for ten years. The author of the letter had said that he had got the medicine as a confidential gift from a French doctor, who said he had got it from a Swede, so he gives the Swede the honour of the discovery.

Linnaeus asks if Johan WestermanWesterman, Johan (1730-1815).
Swedish. Count, ennobled Liljencrantz.
Traveller. President of the National
Board of Trade (Kommerskollegium),
Stockholm.
has returned from his travels. If so, Bäck should ask him if he has any seeds for Linnaeus.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original (KVA). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 87-88   p.87  p.88.