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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 14 October 1760 n.s.
Dated 1760 d. 14 octobris. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Two days ago Johannes BurmanísBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] left for Stockholm. Linnaeus has not neglected to do what he could to show his kindness and friendship. Two months ago he asked him to stay over the winter but he declined. Linnaeus is not surprised since Burman sits at home alone after the death of his wife and cannot do without the presence of his only son. He regrets, however, that he started his journey so late. The shorter and colder days and the dark roads make the journey very difficult and Linnaeus can see no reason why he started the journey beyond Denmark. The three brothers Demidov [Alexandr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Alexandr Grigorevich
(1737-1803). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov,
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
, Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
and Petr Grigorevich Demidov] left but changed their minds in Stockholm and returned and will stay the whole winter with Linnaeus. He wishes that Burmanís son had done the same. He hopes that he will have a safe journey as travelling by sea in winter is entering the jaws of death. It is almost impossible to make oneís way through Germany and it is dangerous to travel in these dark days in times of war.

Linnaeus has studied Burmanís African plants eagerly [see Burman to Linnaeus 27 June 1760Letter L4084, and 27 July 1760Letter L2753]. They vary in a remarkable way, most of all Othonna bulbosa. He has established as many genera and species as possible.

Linnaeus has asked Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeusís benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[this letter has not come down to us] for Jaquinís book on American plants [Linnaeus refers to Enumeratio systematica plantarumJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Enumeratio systematica
plantarum, quas in insulis Caribaeis
vicinaque Americes continente detexit
novas, aut jam cognitas emendavit

(Leiden 1760).
] but he has not received an answer.

Linnaeus is grateful for the very beautiful hens. They are very vigorous and lay eggs. He is also grateful for the roe.

Linnaeus has sent the fifth part of Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.
and the dissertation Flora BelgicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
, diss., resp. Christian Fr.
Rosenthal (Uppsala, [1760]). Soulsby no.
] with Burmanís son.

Linnaeus accounts for Burmanís books that he has sold.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnťs arkiv, 1701-1704). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 47-48 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 163-165   p.163  p.164  p.165.