Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for a letter (19 December 1760)Letter L2831 received three days before, being especially welcome as it contained seeds.
Among various answers and new questions, there is a discussion on Aloe guineensis which he defined as a Hyacinthus and planned to publish, among other rare species during the fall of 1761, if Linnaeus had not done so before (Jacquin described the Aloe guineensis in Enumeratio stirpium plerarumqueJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Enumeratio stirpium plerarumque,
quae sponte crescunt in agro
Vindebonensi, montibusque confinibus.
Accedunt observationum centuria et
appendix de paucis exoticis (Vienna
1762). ). Linnaeus was free to publish, but Jacquin asked to be informed and to be cited in the context– Other notes concern Juncusand Melia Guara.
Jacquin mentions that he had asked Franz von MygindMygind, Franz von
Counsellor of the imperial court in
Vienna. Correspondent of Linnaeus. and others to help him to examine some species of Asclepiades, where the number of stamens was not agreed upon. Now he knew what to do about these. – He is surprised that the herbarium from the island Eustatius was so rich.
Ramnus Domingensis is given a longer presentation that Linnaeus was welcome to comment. The species was very common and flowered richly.
Cherleria must be examined again. – Ceratonia is easy to examine since it is very common in Vienna.
Bihaiis a problem. Jacquin would prefer to call it a Musa and had seen it many times in the West Indies. He postponed the decision, which he repents, since he found very good specimens in the island of Eustatius, not so exposed to rain. He is fairly sure it is a Musa, and what he remembers agrees with information given by Patrick BrowneBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica (1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus. . – Jacquin had sent some specimens to Europe, but they were destroyed by cats in the Mediterranean.
Lecythis is not the same with Jacquin as with Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. since they differ in the size of the fruits. He expects to find the answer to that in the report on Löfling’s travels [Jacquin refers to Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America
(Stockholm 1758). ], which he is waiting for. – Justicia monanthera can not be a gender of its own. – Some minor comments are given.
Jacquin thanks Linnaeus for seeds and encloses a list of seeds which he wants to have since they are not found in his garden.
Jacquin considers that Linnaeus does not have to thank him for his use of Linnaeus’s Systema naturae (Jacquin refers to the 10th edition, 1758-1759Linnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58. ) in publications. Jacquin uses it because he likes it, finds it superior to all others, and one which has saved him a lot of work.
Jacquin asks for Linnaeus’s meaning on other plants that he had asked about previously. He says that he himself generally answers all questions in a letter one by one and asks Linnaeus to do likewise, since Jacquin has nobody else to consult.
Jacquin has trouble with the financing of a publicationLinnaeus, Carl , and will talk to the printer. Subscription seems to be an option. Nonetheless, he promises Linnaeus a copy.
Does Linnaeus have a copy of Giovanni Antonio Scopoli’sScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. work Flora CarniolicaScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carniolae indigenas et distributas in
classes naturales. Cum differentiis
specificis, synonymis recentiorum, locis
natalibus, nominibus incolarum,
observationibus selectis, viribus
medicis (Vienna 1760). ? Jacquin can not send it to Linnaeus since the Swedish ambassador, refuses to take it in the ordinary dispatches. Jacquin adds some nasty comments on Scopoli and his ability to distinguish plants.
Descriptions of three pigeons, (Columbae, from the West Indies are given. The first is regarded as delicious by the natives in Martinique, and Jacquin had sent nine of them in the same shipment as a cat, Felis pardalis, which regrettably got loose and killed the pigeons. Specimens of the other two are alive in Vienna, and one of these lays eggs but does not brood.
Jacquin says he often named plants after botanists, following Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works. . One such name is Petitia, named after a François Pourfour de PetitPetit, François Pourfour de
(1664-1741). French. Physician,
Paris. mentioned by Linnaeus in Bibliotheca botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Bibliotheca
botanica recensens libros plus mille de
plantis huc usque editos, secundum
systema auctorum naturale in classes,
ordines, genera & species
dispositos, additis editionis loco,
tempore, forma, lingua etc. cum
explicatione Fundamentorum botanicorum
pars prima (Amsterdam 1736). . What has this man done?
Jacquin has managed to get plants from seeds in Vienna, and he offers Linnaeus seeds in return: Hibiscus varieties, Urena sinuataa, Sida capitata.