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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 2 March 1761 n.s.
Dated 2 Martii 1761. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Illustri D[omi]no BAECK
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Ab eo tempore, quo responsorias dedi ad Tuas, Amicissime, circa initium anni, nullas a Te habui; laetor, quod ex hodiernis Te valere et me amare intelligam.

Misisti novam Theae speciem cum studioso, quae constabat foliis Rubi vestri Norlandici.

Me tenent quotidie Lectiones publicae & privatae; una hora publicis, duae Russis, una Danis, una privatis variis; adeoque 5 quotidie horis docere teneor; reliquas pro nova editione Faunae servo, quae jam sudat.

Habui literas non a Swietenio solum, sed et a Jacquinio, cui potius fidem in Botanicis adhibeo, quod Cicuta ista sit verum Conium.

Quem eligamus Cancellarium nondum nobis constat, quamdiu ignoramus, quot et quos ex senatorio ordine superstites nobis concedatis.

Nisi distinguantur doctores a Pseudo-Doctoribus, res acta erit de fama et fide Doctorum nostratum.

Si aetas, valetudo et familia concederent, ego praeficerer Collegio Medico et Horto Botanico instruendo et Museo jam adornando Madritii, cum stipendio apud nos Senatorio. Sed non ulterius novas spes pono oblitus conditionis meae. O quanta dementia spes longas incoantium!

Labuntur in obscuro dies mihi et lateo paucis contentus.

Transeant Tui dies amoeni cum dulci thori socia suavissimoque filio in summa rerum Beatitudine.

Upsaliae d[ie] 2 Martii 1761.

Wälborne H[err] Doctor BAECK


Linnaeus had not heard from Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
for a long time, until today [this letter has not come down to us], so he is glad to know that Bäck is well.

Bäck had sent Linnaeus a new kind of tea with a student. It consisted of leaves of Rubus Norlandicus.

Linnaeus has to lecture publicly and privately for five hours each day: one hour publicly, two hours for Russians [the brothers Alexandr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Alexandr Grigorevich
(1737-1803). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov,
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
, Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
and Petr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Petr Grigorevich
(1740-1826). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Pavel Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
], one for the Danes [Mathias HagenHagen, Mathias (1739-1802).
Danish. Pupil of Linnaeus in Uppsala.
Assistant pharmacist in Lyneburg,
Rendsborg and Karlskrona. Apothecary in
Copenhagen 1764-1802.
and Christian Elov MangorMangor, Christian Elov
(1739-1801). Danish. Pupil of Linnaeus.
Physician in Copenhagen from 1765, later
municipal physician. Correspondent of
] and one for various private students. What is left of the day is taken up by the new edition of the Fauna Svecica, 2nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum, 2nd edition
1761). Soulsby no. 1153.
, which is now being printed.

Linnaeus has received letters from Gerhard van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[this letter has not come down to us] and from Nicolaus Joseph baron von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
[presumably Jacquin to Linnaeus, 27 January 1761Letter L3025], whom he relies more on in botany.

It is not at all clear to Linnaeus who shall be elected Chancellor, since he does not know how many and what noblemen are still available for the task.

If genuine doctors are not distinguished from false ones, the reputation of medical doctors is very much at stake.

If Linnaeusís age, health and family permitted, he would become leader of a medical school, a botanical garden and a museum in Madrid, with the salary of a Swedish councillor. However, Linnaeus does not forget his present state, so he has no more hopes for the future. Those who make far-reaching plans are really foolish. He has a quiet life and lives satisfied with the little he has.

Linnaeus wishes Bäck a happy life with his wife [Anna Charlotta BäckBäck, Anna Charlotta
(1737-1767). Swedish. Wife of Abraham
Bäck. Born Adlerberg.
] and little son [Carl Abraham Bäck].


a. original (KVA). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 90-91   p.90  p.91.