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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 3 April 1761 n.s.
Dated 1761 d. 3 April.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Mortalium Amicissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] AB[RAHAM] BAECK,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Tuas habui et laetatus sum. Me invitas, Amicissime, Holmiam, qui Tuum videre apud se recusasti fere per decennium. Ego procul a jove, procul a fulmine potius lateo, dum Tu aurum secas securi. Doceo quotidie per 5 horas; 8:va Danos, 10 publice, 11 & 12 Ruthenos, 2:da privatim. Die martis et veneris post meridiem per 3 horas emarciat correctura Faunae; reliquum tempus vix sufficit scribendo additamenta; vix sufficio mihi ipsi, quare haec scribo hora 2:da noctis. Vellem equidem videre Hortum Tuum, at nolo videre Holmiam. Optime in Tua aula habito, sed potius in parva domo sed mea. Metuo Metropolin; video quam vana sint omnia, et quam misera conditio mortalium, ubi homo homini pessimus. Video, quam falsum sit bene merendo proficere. Talpae morienti aperiuntur oculi. Nec juvat teste Salomone muneri suo rite praeesse. Miser homo, quot inanibus curis emarciet suum corpus, ut fata approperet.

Literas habui a D[omino] Solandro, in quibus describit maximum apparatum Anglorum pro arcana expeditione et nonnulla nova in augmentum artis meae.

Quomodo se habet vestra controversia cum Chirurgis, de qua varii apud nos varia murmurant; nec possum ab ullo rite intelligere.

Devota mea officia dicas nobilissimae Conjugi et nato exoptatissimo. Vale!

Upsaliae 1761 d[ie] 3 April[is].

Wälborne H[err] Doctor BAECK


Linnaeus has received a letter [this letter has not come down to us] from Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
in which Bäck invites him to Stockholm, where they have not met for a long time. Linnaeus prefers living far from the powerful men, while Bäck makes money hand over fist. Linnaeus lectures for five hours each day: at 8 to the Danes [Mathias HagenHagen, Mathias (1739-1802).
Danish. Pupil of Linnaeus in Uppsala.
Assistant pharmacist in Lyneburg,
Rendsborg and Karlskrona. Apothecary in
Copenhagen 1764-1802.
and Christian Elov MangorMangor, Christian Elov
(1739-1801). Danish. Pupil of Linnaeus.
Physician in Copenhagen from 1765, later
municipal physician. Correspondent of
], at 10 publicly, at 11 and 12 to Russians [the brothers Alexandr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Alexandr Grigorevich
(1737-1803). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov,
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
and Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
and Petr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Petr Grigorevich
(1740-1826). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Pavel Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
and their fellow traveller Johann Rodolph de ValltraversValltravers, Johann Rodolph de
(1723-?). Swiss. Linnaeus’s student
1760-1761. Preceptor of the three
brothers Demidov. Thomas Pennant’s
intermediary with Charles De Geer.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], and at 2 to private pupils. On Thursday and Friday, Linnaeus works at the proofs of the Fauna Svecica, 2nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum, 2nd edition
1761). Soulsby no. 1153.
for three hours, and the rest of the time is hardly enough to write the additions to the former edition. He has almost no time for himself, so he is writing this at 2 in the night. Linnaeus would be happy to see Bäck’s garden, but he does not want to see Stockholm. He lives very well in the palace, as Bäck does, but he prefers a small house that is his own. He fears life in Stockholm and the very unhappy and insecure life there, which cannot make anybody happy.

Linnaeus has received a letter from Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
describing the preparations for the new expedition [this letter has not come down to us].

Linnaeus asks Bäck about the progress of the dispute with the surgeons, of which some rumours have reached Linnaeus. Linnaeus cannot understand what is going on.

Linnaeus sends his regards to Bäck’s wife [Anna Charlotta BäckBäck, Anna Charlotta
(1737-1767). Swedish. Wife of Abraham
Bäck. Born Adlerberg.
] and son [Carl Abraham Bäck].


a. original (KVA). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 91-92   p.91  p.92.