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Link: • Johan Andreas Murray to Carl Linnaeus, 21 May 1761 n.s.
Dated d. 21 May 1761.. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Johan Andreas MurrayMurray, Johan Andreas
(1740-1791). Swedish. Professor of
medicine and botany, Göttingen. Son
of Andreas Murray and brother of Adolph
Murray and Gustaf Murray. Half-brother
of Johann Philipp Murray. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
writes to Linnaeus to thank him for the letter [this letter has not come down to us] and tells Linnaeus that he had liked to write more often had not the post been so irregular.

He tells Linnaeus that he often botanizes and that he tries to find new plants, but to his disappointment he finds that Forskåhl [Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] has already found them. Sometimes Murray finds an insect he has not seen in Sweden, but when he turns to the system he finds that Forsskål has already described it [Murray refers to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
]. Be that as it may, Murray finds Linnaeus’ system more and more useful and unique.

Murray will send Linnaeus two plants missing from Linnaeus’ system: one is an Agaricus, the other is an American plant that has been growing in the garden for six years without flowering.

[fol. 79-80] Murray tells Linnaeus that he has visited two natural history cabinets in Lübeck. He is specially interested by Peter Hinrich Tesdorpf’sTesdorpf, Peter Hinrich
(1712-1778). German. Merchant,
Lübeck. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
cabinet and writes that Tesdorpf has shown him a letter he has received from Linnaeus [this letter has not come down to us] and that Tesdorpf will follow Linnaeus’ advice. Murray has no opinion about this or of the pharmacist Edler’sEdler, German. Pharmacist,
description and says that Johann Christian Daniel von SchreberSchreber, Johann Christian Daniel von
(1737-1810). German. Physician
and botanist. Became doctor of medicine
at Uppsala under Linnaeus in 1760.
Professor of botany and director of the
botanical garden of Erlangen.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will give Linnaeus a better report of it [Schreber to Linnaeus, 20 June 1761Letter L2918]. Edler has given Murray a Buprestis from Schreber, at Murray’s request. This has been sent to Stockholm along with a small shell from the Baltic Sea.

Murray tells Linnaeus that he has seen a beautiful botanical garden in Hanover belonging to a pharmacist called AndreaeAndreae, German. Pharmacist,
. There are many rare trees, fruits and plants in this garden, amongst them Ceratonia siliqua, Juniperus, Virg. Bignonia atalpa, Pistacia Lentiseus, Apocynum Fol. Andros, Laurus Benz, Populus Tacamat and many other plants. Every year Andreae receives many seeds from Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in England. Otto von Münchhausen’sMünchhausen, Otto von
(1716-1774). German. Chancellor of
Göttingen University. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
garden, the Berlin garden [ Murray refers to the Botanic Garden belonging to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Berlin [Königliche Akademie der WissenschaftenKönigliche Akademie der
Wissenschaften, Royal Academy of
Sciences in Berlin
Founded at the instigation of Leibniz in
1700 as the
Societät der Wissenschaften. In
1744 it merged with the
Société Littéraire
du Berlin (which had been founded in
1743) to form the Königliche
Akademie der Wissenschaften.
] and up to Linnaeus’s time, the Göttingen garden [Murray refers to the Göttingen University Botanical Garden], have all contributed to the growth of Andreae’s garden. Andreae would be honoured to send plants of interest to Linnaeus

Murray tells Linnaeus that David Sigismund August BüttnerBüttner, David Sigismund August
(1724-1768). Hungarian. Professor
of medicine and botany in 1756, Berlin,
in 1760 professor of botany and zoology,
, author of ”Plantae Cunonis” [Murray refers to Enumeratio methodica plantarumBüttner, David Sigismund August
Enumeratio methodica plantarum /
carmine clarissimi Joannis Christiani
Cuno recensitarum
] is professor of botany since last Easter. Büttner is a friend of Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Paris and has studied in England and Holland. Büttner is supposed to be knowledgeable. However, he is critical of the systems used so far and last summer he found on his Phlomis a tetrapetala instead of a corolla ringens. He finds the enclosed plant new and according to him it is a Melissa, but it cannot be identified as according to Linnaeus’s method, as the stamens in all corollas are of the same height.

Büttner does not like to follow any system and instead of using nomen triviale he adds a long description of the plant. He also intends to make an extensive reformation of the garden.

Murray writes that Büttner is a great admirer of Linnaeus and is very knowledgeable in natural history. It is a shame, however, that he is more interested in philology and intends to publish a book about the relationship of the 60 different languages he is currently collecting.

Murray writes about the war, and that French troops are marching in and out of Göttingen and that fortifications are being built.

[fol. 4r] Murray writes that DuvauxDuvaux, ?. has prepared the town’s defences successfully. He knows how to make practical use of everything and is growing oats on the redoubts. Murray also describes life in a town at war and comments that the number of students has decreased although the lectures are still going on.

P. S. [fol. 3] Murray communicates greetings from his brother [presumably Johann Philipp MurrayMurray, Johann Philipp
(1726-1776). Swedish. Critic,
translator, professor of history,
Göttingen. Son of Andreas Murray.
Half-brother of Adolph Murray, Gustaf
Murray and Johann Andreas Murray.


a. (LS, XI, 3-4, 79-80). [1] [2] [3]