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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2929 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 2 July 1761 n.s.
Dated 1761. d. 2 julii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Experientissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] N[ICOLAO] L[AURENTIO] BURMANNO, <br< amico integerrimo,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Post tot exantlatos labores demum mihi ipsi red[d]itus primum erit Tibi, V[ir] C[eleberrime], gratias agere ob [litteras] d[ierum] 28 febr[uarii] & 6 aprilis; utrasque rite habui.

Meeses Floram Frisicam et Berkey de composilis obtinui. Sed doleo maxime, quod nulla ratione mihi comparare potui Halleri orchids et alium librum ejus, quem audivi eum edidisse de plantis Helveticis; quaeso, des mihi horum librorum titulos, loca et annos impressionis, ut comparare queam.

Scheuzzeri Zizaniam nec vidi nec audivi; quaeso, et ejus perfectum titulum mihi describas.

Catalogum conchyliorum non obtinui.

D[ominus] Forskåhl pervenit dudum Massiliam, petiturus Constantinopolin; adeoque longe alio itinere Arabiam petit, quam primum proposuerat; habui nuper ab eo literas Monspelio, ubi vidit loca pulcherrima Florae; Fomosum lucum Graumuntii, ab Hebenstretio tot honoribus cumulatum pervestigavit, quem tamen copia plantarum cedere nostro Gotsundensi jubet.

Si Tibi non nimis molestum foret, enixe expeterem aliquot Geraniorum semina, quae posses commode in Horto Amsteledamensi colligere; dicam itaque, quas species ego habeo, ut ex inde colligas ipse, quas non habeo. Habeo vivas sequentes:

3 Geraniu[m] sanguineum40 vitifolium
5 Geranium sibiricum41 capitatum
6 striatum43 zonale
11 phaeum45 odoratum
12 sylvaticum46 inquinans
14 bohemicum48 peltatum
15 dissectum49 papilonaceum
16 pratense50 gibbosum
18 robertianum52 fulgidum
19 lucidum55 alchemilloides
20 malvaceum57 triste
21 molle59 myrrhifolium
22 columbinum
23 pusillum
28 ciconium
29 moschatum
32 Gruinum
33 cicutarium
34 malacoides
35 chium

Novi Te habere 7 nodosum, 9 tuberosum 10 macrorhizon 4[42] cucullatum 47 acetosum 51 carnosum 53 grossulario[i]des forte et alia.

Item exorarem mihi aliquot semina:
Hypecoi, Coffeae, Diosmae, Celastri, Lagoeciae, Agrimonioides Boerh[avii], Spireae opulifolia, Melittis, Lobeliae cardinalis et Siphiliticae.

Coix dactyloidis D[omini] Clerck, qui delineavit omnes Papiliones Reginas jam etiam omnes aeri incisas dedit reginae vivis coloribus; ego propediem spero me obtenturum hujus exemplar, quod est pulcherrimum omnium librorum.

Quanti constat liber L’Ammiral de Papilionibus, qui liber apud vos erit impressus? Quot constat tabulis aeneis? An unum insectum in singula pagina?

Pavones albos non aestimamus, at vero Gallinas lanigeras nigra carne esset in hac patria miraculum.

Nil novi apud nos. Si Solander ad Te veniat ex Anglia, eum magnopere commendo.

Dicunt Te uxorem propediem ducturum; nescio, unde hoc habuere nostrates Upsalienses. Si ita sit, fac, ut sciam. Vale!

Dab[am] Upsaliae 1761 d[ie] 2 julii.

Te maximopere salutat filius meus.

An rite accessit Peloria et viva?

Experientissimo
DD. N. L. Burmanno
Med. Doct. Amsteledami.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus is grateful for Nikolaas Laurens Burman’sBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letters dated 28 February 1761Letter L2871] and 6 April 1761Letter L2904]. He has received David Meese’sMeese, David (1723-1770).
Dutch. Botanist and gardener at the
Franeker University Botanical Garden.
and Johannes le Francq van Berkhey’sLe Francq van Berkhey, Johannes
(1729-1812). Dutch. Doctor of medicine
at Leiden in 1761. Famous writer.
books [Linnaeus refers to Flora FrisicaMeese, David Flora Frisica,
of Lyst der planten welke in de
provintie Friesland in het wilde
gevonden worden
(Franeker, 1760).
and Expositio structurae florumLe Francq van Berkhey, Johannes
Expositio structurae florum qui
dicuntur compositi
(Leiden, 1761).
] but he has not been able to get Albrecht von Haller’sHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
books on orchids and Swiss plants [Linnaeus means “Orchidum classis constituta”Haller, Albrecht von “Orchidum
classis constituta”, Acta helvetica,
physico-mathematico-botanico-medica

4 (Basle, 1760), 82-166.
and Ad enumerationem stirpium helveticarum emendationes et auctariaHaller, Albrecht von Ad
enumerationem stirpium helveticarum
emendationes et auctaria
, I,
([Bern] [1759]).
]. He asks Burman for the titles, place and year of publication. He also asks for information about Johannes Scheuchzer’sScheuchzer, Johannes ?. description of Zizanea.

Linnaeus has not received the catalogue of conchylia. Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
arrived in Marseilles a long time ago and is now on his way to Constantinople. Then he intends to go to Arabia. Linnaeus had a letter from him from Montpellier [Forsskål to Linnaeus, 27 May 1761Letter L5427 where he visited some very beautiful places, e. g. Gramont, praised by Hebenstreit, but Forsskål considers Gottsunda, outside Uppsala, to have more plants.

Linnaeus asks for more Geranium seeds, and he gives a list of those he possesses.

Linnaeus also asks for seeds of Hypecoum, Coffea, Diosma, Celastrus, Lagoecia, Agrimonioides, Spirea, Melittis, Lobelia cardinalis and siphilitica, and Coix.

Carl Alexander ClerckClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has drawn all the butterflies of the Queen’s [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] collection, and given them engraved in colours to the Queen [Linnaeus refers to the Icones insectorum rariorumIClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
]. Linnaeus hopes to receive a copy soon, as this is the most beautiful of all books.

Linnaeus asks how much Jacob L’Admiral’sL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
book on butterflies [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
Diertjer
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
], printed in Holland, costs. Is there one insect on each page?

Linnaeus does not like white peacocks but the Chinese fleecy hens with black meat would be a miracle in Sweden.

Linnaeus highly recommends Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
if he comes to Burman from England.

There are rumours in Uppsala that Burman is going to marry. Linnaeus wants to know. Linnaeus’s son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
] sends his best regards and asks if the Peloria has arrived alive.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Linné Burmannus, 0301-0304). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 52-53 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 213-215   p.213  p.214  p.215.