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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 2 July 1761 n.s.
Dated 1761. d. 2 julii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus is grateful for Nikolaas Laurens Burman’sBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letters dated 28 February 1761Letter L2871] and 6 April 1761Letter L2904]. He has received David Meese’sMeese, David (1723-1770).
Dutch. Botanist and gardener at the
Franeker University Botanical Garden.
and Johannes le Francq van Berkhey’sLe Francq van Berkhey, Johannes
(1729-1812). Dutch. Doctor of medicine
at Leiden in 1761. Famous writer.
books [Linnaeus refers to Flora FrisicaMeese, David Flora Frisica,
of Lyst der planten welke in de
provintie Friesland in het wilde
gevonden worden
(Franeker, 1760).
and Expositio structurae florumLe Francq van Berkhey, Johannes
Expositio structurae florum qui
dicuntur compositi
(Leiden, 1761).
] but he has not been able to get Albrecht von Haller’sHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
books on orchids and Swiss plants [Linnaeus means “Orchidum classis constituta”Haller, Albrecht von “Orchidum
classis constituta”, Acta helvetica,

4 (Basle, 1760), 82-166.
and Ad enumerationem stirpium helveticarum emendationes et auctariaHaller, Albrecht von Ad
enumerationem stirpium helveticarum
emendationes et auctaria
, I,
([Bern] [1759]).
]. He asks Burman for the titles, place and year of publication. He also asks for information about Johannes Scheuchzer’sScheuchzer, Johannes ?. description of Zizanea.

Linnaeus has not received the catalogue of conchylia. Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
arrived in Marseilles a long time ago and is now on his way to Constantinople. Then he intends to go to Arabia. Linnaeus had a letter from him from Montpellier [Forsskål to Linnaeus, 27 May 1761Letter L5427 where he visited some very beautiful places, e. g. Gramont, praised by Hebenstreit, but Forsskål considers Gottsunda, outside Uppsala, to have more plants.

Linnaeus asks for more Geranium seeds, and he gives a list of those he possesses.

Linnaeus also asks for seeds of Hypecoum, Coffea, Diosma, Celastrus, Lagoecia, Agrimonioides, Spirea, Melittis, Lobelia cardinalis and siphilitica, and Coix.

Carl Alexander ClerckClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
has drawn all the butterflies of the Queen’s [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] collection, and given them engraved in colours to the Queen [Linnaeus refers to the Icones insectorum rariorumIClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
]. Linnaeus hopes to receive a copy soon, as this is the most beautiful of all books.

Linnaeus asks how much Jacob L’Admiral’sL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
book on butterflies [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
], printed in Holland, costs. Is there one insect on each page?

Linnaeus does not like white peacocks but the Chinese fleecy hens with black meat would be a miracle in Sweden.

Linnaeus highly recommends Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
if he comes to Burman from England.

There are rumours in Uppsala that Burman is going to marry. Linnaeus wants to know. Linnaeus’s son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
] sends his best regards and asks if the Peloria has arrived alive.


a. original holograph (KVA, Linné Burmannus, 0301-0304). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 52-53 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 213-215   p.213  p.214  p.215.