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Link: • Carl Magnus Wrangel to Carl Linnaeus, 22 August 1761 n.s.
Dated d 22 aug 1761. Sent from Wicacoa (USA) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Carl Magnus WrangelWrangel, Carl Magnus
(1727-1786). Swedish. Nobleman and
clergyman. Studied at Greifswald.
Chaplain to the king, dean of Wicacoa
and the Swedish Lutheran congregations
in America. Dean of Sala. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
has approached Linnaeus once since he arrived in America. More than a year ago, he had sent a collection that John BartramBartram, John (1701-1777).
American. Botanist living in
Pennsylvania and Delaware. Father of
John Bartram the Younger and William
Bartram. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
made of all the trees that grow in North America. It was addressed to Her Majesty the Queen [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] and was taken by a ship bound for London, but the ship did not get farther than Portsmouth for lack of an escort. The package was brought back to Wrangel, which had annoyed him very much.

Wrangel introduces to Linnaeus a young American man. His name is Adam KuhnKuhn, Adam (1741-1817).
American. Physician, Philadelphia.
Studied under Linnaeus at Uppsala
University in 1762-1763. Linnaeusís only
American student. Correspondent of
, and his father [Adam Simon KuhnKuhn, Adam Simon (1713-1780).
American. Physician. Father of Adam
Kuhn. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] is a doctor and mayor of Lancaster. With Wrangelís support, Dr Kuhn has decided to let his son study natural history under the best teacher available and then also study medicine. Wrangel has been eager to promote this science on his side of the Atlantic, and he asks Linnaeus to receive the young Kuhn with favour and paternal love. His father wants him to follow Linnaeusís instructions, and he is willing to pay what is needed. If this plan succeeds, the conditions of natural history in North America will be greatly improved, since the young Kuhn will be helped by his father to pursue these studies after his return.

The young Kuhn will bring with him the collection meant for the Queen, mentioned above, several seeds meant for Linnaeus and some specimens prepared by Bartram. Wrangelís work as a priest takes so much time that he has almost no time for natural history, but he does what he can to promote it.

Kuhn also brings money sufficient for one year. When that ends, it would be best to give him the sum of 1,200 daler kpmt which is paid from Sweden to a clergyman in North America. Kuhnís father will pay the clergyman in North America the corresponding sum. If more is needed, it will be sent, but it is important that expense is kept low. The elder Kuhn is well off, but he has more children to raise. This is left to Linnaeus to decide, but the young Kuhn should reach the degree of doctor before he returns.

P.S. 1. Wrangel gives Linnaeus his full address in Philadelphia.

P.S. 2. Wrangel mentions that Bartram is annoyed that Linnaeus has not written to him. Bartram will not send more material before hearing from Linnaeus.


a. original holograph (LS, XVI, 269-270). [1] [2] [3]