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Link: • Antoine Gouan to Carl Linnaeus, 6 November 1761 n.s.
Dated 6 novemb. 1761.. Sent from Montpellier (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


For a long time Antoine Gouan’sGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
has heard nothing from Linnaeus. However, he has learnt a lot from François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
. Gouan praises Alströmer with whom he has admired Linnaeus’s works. Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon’sBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
and Michel AdansonAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
are truly wrong.

Adanson has promised a lot but has not published a single little observation. However, he intends to publish, in his own name, his teacher’s, Bernhard de Jussieu’s Jussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
method, which people have been awaiting for forty years. Gouan knows through a friend that Adanson’s method is based on pistils and the orders on the stamens. Sauvages and Pierre CussonCusson, Pierre (1727-1783).
French. Physician and botanist,
Montpellier. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
have encouraged Gouan to publish his observations as a “Hortus Monspeliensis” based on Linnaeus’s system [Gouan refers to his Antonii Goüan [...] Hortus regius MonspeliensisGouan, Antoine Antonii
Goüan [...] Hortus regius
Monspeliensis, sistens plantas tum
indigenas, tum exoticas No*0. MM. CC. ad
genera relatas [...] secundum sexualem
methodum digestas
(Lyon 1762).
]. In the preface of his work, Gouan states that he does not want to base his method on the pistils and the orders on the stamens. Gouan stresses that he is not an imitator of Linnaeus. He therefore gives two examples, Boerhaavia and Cardiospermum, with primary and secondary characters.

Gouan sends Linnaeus a grass from the Montpellier University Botanic Garden and an Atropa humifusa that he has not seen in Linnaeus’s new edition of Systema naturae [Gouan refers to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
]. Linnaeus will receive seeds next year.

Gouan describes Agrostis ventricosa and Atropa humifusa. Gouan has seen the Atropa humifusa in Sauvages’s garden; it is not known where it came from. The grasses Avena bromoidea, Agrostis calamagrostis, Alopecurus bulbosus, Phleum bulbosum, Nardus, Alopecurus anglicus, etc., are discussed.

Alströmer has seen the fish Balistes scolopax and the insect Hemerobius luteus. Among Alströmer’s plants Gouan has seen, for example, Alstroemeria. Gouan is the only one in France who cultivates natural history. He will send Linnaeus all that he desires, in order that the Montpellier University Botanic Garden shall come to Linnaeus as soon as possible. Alströmer has given Gouan a list of what Linnaeus wants. Gouan will give Christian HolmHolm, Christian Swedish.
Consul, Sêté.
what he has for the time being and collect more next year. Gouan would like to receive seeds of Linnaea, Reaumuria, Seguieria, Sauvagesia, Alstroemeria, etc. Gouan has found the Linnaea in the Mont des Loupes. Gouan would also like to receive exsiccated grasses and seeds. Gouan will send Balistes. He has not yet seen the fish that Roche [Gouan means Bartolomo Giambattista RoncoRonco, Bartolomo Giambattista
] promised to send. Gouan desires Carl Alexander Clerck’sClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
dissertation on the Phalaenae [Gouan refers to Clerck’s Icones insectorum rariorumClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
]. Linnaeus should be careful so that his packages are not intercepted by the English. Gouan thinks that Fredrik Hasselquist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Iter Palaestinum eller resa til heliga landetHasselquist, Fredrik Iter
Palaestinum eller resa til heliga
(Stockholm 1757).
should be translated into Latin.

[On fol. 157-159 specimens of Bromus, Festuca, Atropa humifusa and Agrostis are enclosed].


a. original holograph (LS, V, 155-159). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]