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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 15 September 1761 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus has received Nicolaas Laurens Burman’sBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 18 AugustLetter L2940 and the enclosed specimens all of which were incomplete and damaged. Burman had promised a good specimen of Cyanella; he sent two but both were incomplete. Burman also sent a damaged specimen of the plant that flowered when he was away. It was without ovary, calyx and spathe and therefore Linnaeus cannot give an answer.

The enclosed flower was a Martynia annua.

The shoot could be an Echium.

Linnaeus cannot say anything about the Geranium specimen that Burman sent since it was damaged.

The illustration from Jacob L’Admiral’sL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
work [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
], was very beautiful but the number of the page was missing so that Linnaeus cannot make reference to it.

The new plant flowering could be a Scilla.

Burman supposes that he has a new species of Phytolacca. Linnaeus has three live species.

Burman’s description of Heliophila ["Heliophila, descripta"Burman, Nicolaas Laurens
"Heliophila, descripta",
Nova Acta Regiae Societatis
Scientiarum Upsaliensis
, I (1773).
] seems good but Linnaeus cannot decide if it is a new genus not having seen it. A specimen from Carl Magnus BlomBlom, Carl Magnus (1737-1815).
Swedish. Studied in Uppsala under
Linnaeus 1755-1763. Provincial physician
in Dalecarlia. Correspondent of
was too incomplete.

Burman’s father’s [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] ”Ferraria” had been engraved when the Society’s [the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala, Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] Acta arrived [Burman’s article was never published in the Society’s Acta].

Burman had asked for his father’s Wachendorfiae, but Linnaeus has not seen any.

Reaumuria flowered with one flower in the Uppsala University Botanical Garden. Linnaeus does not know if it will produce any seeds. Its nectar is very peculiar.

Linnaeus has received 50 different fishes from America [from Alxander GardenGarden, Alexander (1730-1791).
British/American. Doctor of medicine,
South Carolina. Correspondent of
to Linnaeus, 12 April 1761Letter L2902], a lot of seeds, a sweet-scented Azalea, and a live Irisonia. He has also received 40 species of bulbs from the Cape of Good Hope [from C. Rijk TulbaghTulbagh, C. Rijk (1699-1771).
Dutch. Governor at the Cape in 1751. He
sent plants, bulbs and seeds to Linnaeus
in 1761. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, if there was an accompanying letter, this has not come down to us].

Seeds of Rubi arctici [arctic raspberries], Rubi chamaemori [cloudberries], Ledum [marshtea], Linnaeae and Vaccinia [“wild berries”] never germinate and he cannot have plants of them in his garden. It is hard to believe since they are widely spread everywhere.

One copy of Carl Alexander Clerck’sClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
illustrations has been published [Linnaeus refers to the Icones insectorum rariorumIClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
]. It was given to the Queen [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. He will produce more. Linnaeus has not seen a more beautiful work.


a. original holograph (KVA, Linné Burmannus, 0501-0503). [1] [2] [3]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 64-65 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 225-226   p.225  p.226.