Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for a recent letter (December 1761)Letter L3015.
The first part is a list of the American plants that are still alive in Jacquinís greenhouse in Vienna. Several of them do not produce usable seeds in Vienna but have to be reproduced by cuttings.
Jacquin continues with comments on Pehr LöflingísLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. work (Jacquin refers to Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America
(Stockholm 1758). ) and has specific corrections or additions in at least 12 places. In one of these, the cause of the error is poor knowledge of Spanish, of which Jacquin is very knowledgeable. Ė Jacquin is not sure about Burseria.
Jacquin asks for Linnaeusís comments on Giovanni Antonio ScopoliísScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. flora (Jacquin refers to Flora CarniolicaScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carniolae indigenas et distributas in
classes naturales. Cum differentiis
specificis, synonymis recentiorum, locis
natalibus, nominibus incolarum,
observationibus selectis, viribus
medicis (Vienna 1760). ). Scopoli is, says Jacquin, by no means an admirer of Linnaeus. Jacquin does not like the man or his work, but on the other hand, Jacquin is rather alone in Vienna to like Linnaeus so much. The present edition is not according to Linnaeusís rules but, as a result of influence from Franz von MygindMygind, Franz von
Counsellor of the imperial court in
Vienna. Correspondent of Linnaeus. , Scopoli was going to adopt Linnaeusís trivial names and make other changes in a future edition, which would appear within two years (Jacquin refers to Flora Carniolica, 2nd editionScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carnioliae indigenas et distributas in
classes, genera, species, varietatis,
ordine Linnaeano (1760), I-II, 2nd
edition (Vienna 1771-1772). ).
Scopoli wants to send insects to Linnaeus. Jacquin has instructed Scopoli to put them into a box, which Jacquin will send to Linnaeus through Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeusís benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. at the same time as he sends a copy of his work on the American plants (Jacquin refers to Enumeratio systematica plantarumJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
plantarum, quas in insulis Caribaeis
vicinaque Americes continente detexit
novas, aut jam cognitas emendavit
(Leiden 1760). ).
Jacquin asks Linnaeus if he can postpone the publishing of a new edition of Systema (the next published edition was Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62. ) or Species (Jacquin refers to the next edition of Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum (Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500. ) until the end of the year, so that he can take into account the new species to be published in Jacquinís work on the American plants (Jacquin refers to Selectarum stirpium Americanarum historiaJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Selectarum stirpium Americanarum
historia, in qua ad Linnaeanum systema
determinatae descriptaeque sistuntur
plantae illae, quas in insulis
Martinica, Jamaica, Domingo, alliisque,
et in vicinae continentis parte,
observavit rariores; adjectis iconibus
in solo natali delineatis (Vienna
1763). ). That work will appear in the autumn; the 180 plates and numerous illustrations are already being cut. Gerhard van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. will pay half of what the plates cost, other sponsors the other half. Jacquin has found an excellent engraver to make the copper plates. Without the plates, it will be 300 pages in folio, and available with the plates hand-coloured or just black-and-white from KraussKrauss, Austrian.
Book-printer, publisher, Vienna. in Vienna.
Some new plants are described in a small work by Jacquin on Austrian plants (Jacquin refers to Enumeratio stirpium plerarumqueJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Enumeratio stirpium plerarumque,
quae sponte crescunt in agro
Vindebonensi, montibusque confinibus.
Accedunt observationum centuria et
appendix de paucis exoticis (Vienna
Jacquin thanks Linnaeus for plants received with the previous letter and sends some in return, among them some lichens found on small oaks in Austria, flowering in December.