The letter of 26 February 1762Letter L3037 is acknowledged, with thanks for the seeds enclosed. Nicolaus Joseph JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. can send specimens only of Nissolia, since the others have no leaves just now.
Laurus cinnamomus was sent by Jacquin from Martinique to Vienna in 1756 as two small trees. They survived until the winter of 1761/62; in Martinique, they form forests. The species is carefully described, and comparative reference is made to descriptions of other varieties described in Hort. Mal. (Jacquin refers to Horti Malabarici pars prima [-duodecima & ultima]Rheede van Draakestein, Hendrik
Adriaan van Horti Malabarici
pars prima [-duodecima & ultima]
[...] Latinis, Malabaricis, Arabicis,
Brachmanum characteribus nominibusque
expressis, adjecta florum, fructuum,
seminumque nativae magnitudinis vera
delineatione, colorum viriumque accurata
descriptione, adornata per [...]
Henricum van Rhede tot Draakestein [...]
et Theodorum Janson. ab Almeloveen, M.D.
Notis adauxit, & commentariis
illustravit Joannes Commelinus,
I-XII (Amsterdam 1686 [i.e. 1678]-1703). ) and by Linnaeus. Also the smells are accounted for: the root smells of camphor, the interior cortex is similar to real cinnamon, just as the leaves. Also a dry leaf kept for seven years in a herbarium smells of cinnamon.
A couple of attributions by Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. are commented upon, as is the fact that Chaetea looks very dissimilar in Jacquin’s warm greenhouse from what it is in its natural location.
Among a considerable number of various small notations, some of which are answers to comments in Linnaeus’s latest letter, Jacquin comments on Valeriana elongata, Heracleum angustifolium and Bactris, which he regards as a new species. – He asks for help from Linnaeus to decide on a Mimosahe has depicted in one of the copperplates.
Giovanni Antonio ScopoliScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. has given Jacquin specimens of insects to be forwarded to Linnaeus. They will be sent to Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. in a couple of weeks together with some plant material and from there forwarded to Linnaeus.
A list of 125 illustrations of the work on American plants concludes the letter.