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Link: • Clas Alströmer to Carl Linnaeus, August 1762 n.s.
Dated Aug. 1762. Sent from Venezia (Italia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
has not received any letter for such a long time, and believes that Linnaeus has entirely forgotten him.

Bologna gave him much to do. He found or the Academy of Science at Bologna [Institutum Bononiense], very impressive and unprecedented. However, not quite complete when it came to Natural History.

Alströmer did not find Guiseppe MontiMonti, Guiseppe (1682-1760).
Italian. Professor at Bologna.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
a true Naturalist, but he should be better if he gave up History and Antiquities. Systems do not appeal to him as he does not need them.

Fernando BassiBassi, Ferdinando
(c.1710-1774). Italian. Director of the
botanical garden of Bologna.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Bologna was away during his visit.

In Ferrara, Alströmer saw red Coral in spirits of wine with the animals clearly visible. The animal was a true Hydra 8-radiata, radiis lanceolatis ciliates. Tubus abdominis fere conicus, intus villosus. He could not see the ovaries, but the owner told him that he had clearly seen them, and written a description meant to be published. His name is Saint Laurent, Resident de S.A.S. Le Duc de Modena & Ferrara. The animals looked exactly as in Vitaliano Donati’sDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.

Venice has more botanists than Alströmer thought possible. They are all admirers of Linnaeus because of which Alströmer has been much honoured. Marco Giuseppo Cornaro (Cornelius)Cornaro (Cornelius), Marco Giuseppo
(1727-1779). Italian. Bishop of
Torcello in 1759 (Venice), bishop of
Vicenza in 1767.
is also an ardent follower of Linnaeus, and has a beautiful Botanical Garden of particularly Egyptian herbs. He has shown Alströmer a letter that he received from Linnaeus [this letter has not come down to us, see also Cornaro to Linnaeus, 2 February 1761Letter L2885].He is writing an Italian Poem called del’ Amore delle Plante that is not yet completed. Alströmer has read part of the manuscript and found it excellent. He has one of the richest Natural History Libraries Alströmer has seen, with almost all Linnaeus’s publications.

The botanists of Venice have one great merit; they all work together with solidarity and without envy.

Philip FarsettiFarsetti, Filippo (1705-1774).
Italian. Venetian antique dealer and
collector. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, a richVenetian nobleman, has laid out a magnificent garden on his Sala estate, close to Venice. Alströmer has never seen such a rich collection of Alpine plants. There are few vegetable or garden species that he does not have in his garden.

Lionardo Sesler Sesler, Lionardo (17?-1785).
Italian. Physician in Venice.
had written to Linnaeus but not received an answer. Despite having sent herbs and seeds of the new Genus Vitaliana, Primulae species, it has not been acknowledged.

Francesco PataroliPataroli, Francesco Italian.
Citizen of Venice, owner of a botanical
(has his own botanical garden.

Alströmer means that Lars SalviusSalvius, Lars (1706-1773).
Swedish. Printer, bookseller, publisher.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
should be commanded to send Linnaeus’s publications to Italy as soon as they have been printed.

Alströmer has had the opportunity to examine Trianthema portulacastrum in detail. He has also found a Graminis species in Pataroli’s garden. He has sent seeds from Venice.

Alströmer has also examined a Graminis , common around Padua, and found it to be a Panicum.

Pietro ArduinoArduino, Pietro (1728-1805).
Italian. Professor of economy, Padua.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is an ardent and clever young man. He is a talented artist and makes masterful sketches particularly of various inadequately drawn species of grass. Alströmer says he has plans to send them to Linnaeus hoping to get them published in Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.

Alströmer mentions Ceratonia siliqua in Padua, and ripening fruit with fertile seeds.

A species of Zinniae in Padua conformed to Linnaeus’s description.

Giovanni Marsili Marsili, Giovanni (1727-1794).
Italian. Botanist, Professor of Botany
and curator of the Padua Botanical
in Padua is a nice person but a mediocre botanist.

Vallisneri is not like his father [Antonio VallisnieriVallisnieri, Antonio
(1661-1730). Italian. Professor of
medicine at Padua in 1700.
], but tries at least to encourage his students.

Antonio TurraTurra, Antonio (1730-1796).
Italian. Botanist, mineralogist and
practicing physician at Vicenza.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Vicenza has promised to correspond with Linnaeus and send him whatever of interest.

The only botanist in Verona is a chemist Giulio Cesare MoreniMoreni, Giulio Cesare Italian.
Chemist, Verona.
. He is not Linnaeanus but Tournefortianus [an adherent of Joseph Pitton de TournefortTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
] and too old to be converted. He is, however, clever enough, especially with Alpine plants.

The mountain Baldo is as well known to Moreni as his own pharmacy. He offers to carry out all Linnaeus’s requests for seeds or dry herbs. He is prepared to print an Appendix to Jean François Seguier’s Séguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
, Flora Veronesis [Alströmer means the Plantae VeronensesSéguier, Jean François
Plantae Veronenses seu Stirpium
quae in agro Veronensi reperiuntur
methodica synopsis. [...] Accedit
ejusdem Bibliothecae botanicae
, I-III (Verona

Together with Moreni, Alströmer has visited the mountain Baldo. He describes this low alp, and the flora there.

According to Moreni’s barometric observations, Baldo is 2 Italian miles high; six Italian miles being equal to 10 kilometres.

Alströmer has sent a lot of botanical material such as dry herbs and seeds from about 100 species. His brother August will arrange that the material will be forwarded to Linnaeus.

Alströmer also has a lot of seeds from Padua, Vicenza, Monte Baldo and Florence. He plans to bring them to Paris and arrange to send them home from there.

He has sent a lot of seeds to Linnaeus from Florence, among them seeds from Acaciae or Julimbrisim. Since then he has seen the tree and found it to be Mimosa arborea that would probably survive our winters. The same applied to Gleditia inermis.

In this country, Valisneria will grow in abundance in all running water with a muddy bottom. Alströmer has not found any ripe seeds. In the slow waters around Mantua it is quite common. {


a. (LS, I, 92-97). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 62-68   p.62  p.63  p.64  p.65  p.66  p.67  p.68.