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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3121 • Carl Linnaeus to Carlo Allioni, 8 August 1762 n.s.
Dated 1762 d. 8 Augusti. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Torino (Italia). Written in Latin.

Viro Celeberrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] CAR[OLO] ALLIONIO,
in Horto Taurinensi Professori publico,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Ante triduum tua, Vir Celeberrime, accepi egregia donum [sic], Tuam Floram et Hortum et Plantas bene multas siccas, pro quibus omnibus ac singulis immortales Tibi refero grates. Floram prius habui et concessi Filio meo, in Horto academico Demonstratori publico, qui nunc edit Decades plantarum cum figuris et Te valere plurimum jubet.

Hortus erat adeo novus, ut de eo numquam audivi. Si illum scripsisses more solito, magnum confecisset volumen, qui nunc suas plantas sistit in aliquot paginis multo magis clare et perspicue.

5 Salvia chia est mea Salvia hispanica.
14 Cassida anne Scutellaria peregrina?
15 Teucrium. Est Teucrium hircanicum.
16 Teucrium; hoc habeo vivum; vix videtur differre a Teucrio campanulato.
18 Chelone hirsute. Hanc numquam habui vivam, licet multoties semina accepi. Quaeso, per Floram mittas mihi aliquot semina recentia in epistola; hanc enim avidissime exoptarem.
19 Mirabilis est Mirabilis longiflora et vera Jalapa officinarum.
23 Convolvulus est Convolvulus lineatus distinctus a Cneoro. Spec. plant. edit. 2 pag. 224 n. 29.
24 Campanula Medium distincta facta in altera editione specierum.
83 Delphinium peregrinum. Est revera trigynum.
88 Rumex alpinus.

Molucella frutescens, cujus semina ante mittebas, quamquam omnem adhibui operam, non germinabant. Si auderem nova et recentia semina a Te exorare, nescio, quo praetio non ea redimerem, cum inter omnes plantas nulla magis mihi esset in deliciis.

Siccas quas misisti excepi insigni gaudio.

Aster maritimus italicus. Inula squarrosa nov. edit. spec.

Absque nomine erat planta simillima Leucanthemo, sed radio destituta. Similem antea habui e Barbaria.

Absinthium pumilum palmeum Bocc[ii], quod egregie delineasti in opere Tuo Pedemont[ano], videtur parum admodum differre ab Artemisia mea rupestri, et forte solo [sic] varietas e loco.

Phaca alpina omnino convenit cum nostra Lapponica.

Bursa pastoris mont. globulariae folio. Thlaspi montanum.

Alyssum fol. rad. petiolatis &c. Myagrum saxatile in nova editione specierum.

Sedum saxatile atro-rubentibus floribus egregia planta, quam antea numquam vidi.

Viscago floribus in capitulum. Lychnis alpina omnino mea.

Silene vallesia rarior certe planta.

Juncus planifolius umbella lutea. Varietas Junci nivei.

Allium montanum foliis narcissi majus C.B. non. Est Allium nigrum. Spec. pl. 2. p. 430. n. 26.

Bupleurum stellatum pulcherrimum erat.

Gentiana alpina pumila. Gentiana nivalis.

Campanula multicaulis uniflora All. pedem. perplacuit; num¬quam antea vidi.

Convolvulus linariae folio. Convolvulus Cantabrica. Moris. hist. 2 p. 17 s. 1. T. 4. f. 3.

Carex alpina. Carex baldensis. Semel antea accepi a Seguierio rarissimum gramen.

Floram Tuam videbis in mea nova editione specierum, quae sudat, allegatam.

Semina si habeas aliquot e sequentibus, quaeso, gratiose im¬pertias:


Melittis Melissophyllum
Moluccella frutescens NB
Chelone hirsuta NB
Lantana annua
Symphytum tuberosum
Ipomaea coccinea
Ipomaea trilobata
Chrysocoma graminifolia
Aphanes arvensis
Chondrilla juncea
Lactuca perennis
Alyssum omne
Amorpha, si semina vobis det.
Astragalus epiglottis
Sium falcaria
Ceanothus americanus NB
Spiraea Aruncus NB

Vale et, prout cepisti, inclarescas in Florae ornamentum et augmentum!

Hisce diebus delector videre flores Mesembryanthemi novi pomeridiani mihi dicti et flores Mandubi de Angola Marcgr. Bras. 43, quod, ut floruit, petiolo terram perforat et occultat Legumen more Arachis s[ive] Trifolii subterranei.

Confirmor indies de novis speciebus producendis a diverso patre in plantis.

Dab[am] Upsaliae 1762 d[ie] 8 Augusti.

Viro amplissimo / D[omino] D[octori] Carolo Allioni / in Augusta Taurorum Botanices / Professori publico / Turin.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus had received, a few days earlier, a package containing two works by Carlo AllioniAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and several dried specimens of plants. One of the books, a flora [presumably Stirpium praecipuarum littoris et agri Nicaeensis enumeratio methodicaAllioni, Carlo Stirpium
praecipuarum littoris et agri Nicaeensis
enumeratio methodica; cum elencho
aliquot animalium ejusdem maris

(Paris 1757).
], has been forwarded to Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
, since Linnaeus already had a copy. The other book, a description of the holdings of the Turin botanical garden [Linnaeus refers to the “Synopsis methodica stirpium horti Taurinensis”Allioni, Carlo “Synopsis
methodica stirpium horti Taurinensis”,
Mélanges de philosophie et de
mathématique de la
Société Royale de
Turin
(1760-1761), II, 48-76,
], is quite new to Linnaeus, and he praises its layout and clarity.

Linnaeus identifies some of the plants in the “Synopsis”.

Also the dried specimens cause some comments, mostly just acknowledging that Linnaeus had the plant or knew it from elsewhere. He refers to botanical literature, for example the second edition of his Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500.
, Robert MorisonsMorison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
, Plantarum historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars secunda-tertiaMorison, Robert Plantarum
historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars
secunda-tertia, seu Herbarum distributio
nova, per tabulas cognationis et
affinitatis [...] observata &
detecta
(Oxford 1680-1699).
.

Once he received a semen of Carex baldensis from Jean François SéguierSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
.

Linnaeus concludes the letter with a list of plants, of which he is eager to receive seeds.

He remarks that Mesembryanthemum and Mandubi d’Angola are flowering, the second flower described by Georg MarkgrafMarkgraf, Georg (1610-1644).
German. Naturalist, scientist and
cartographer. Travelled in Brazil with
Willem Piso to undertake zoological,
botanical, and astronomical expeditions.
[in his ”Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae”, which was printed after Willem Piso’sPiso, Willem (1611-1675).
Dutch. Naturalist, physician. Leader of
a scientific expedition to Brazil, with,
among others, Georg Markgraf.
, ”De medicina brasiliensi” in Historia naturalis BrasiliaePiso, Willem & Georg Markgraf
Historia naturalis Brasiliae
(Leiden, 1648).
].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Accademia delle scienze, Torino, Carteggi Collection, Allioni´s letters, cart. 2705). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 32-34   p.32  p.33  p.34.