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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3146 • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 9 October 1762 n.s.
Dated d. 9. oct. 1762. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
expresses his gratitude to Linnaeus for a letter [Linnaeus to Gunnerus, 4 July 1762Letter L3146] and greetings that he has received through Johannes Brun StabelStabel, Johannes Brun
(1726-1796). Danish. Vicar to
Onsø, Norge. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. Gunnerus enlightens Linnaeus regarding the Chimaera monstrosa, which the Norwegians call ”Hav-Katte”. This information will be published in volume 2 of the publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters [Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Trondhiemske Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter
, 1-3
(1761-1765).
; the article published by Gunnerus was, "Om hav-katten"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
hav-katten", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 2 (1763),
270-312.
]. There is a dried specimen in Museum regium, 2nd editionJacobaeus, Holger & Johannes
Laurentzen
Museum regium, nunc
vero magna ex parte auctior uberibusque
commentariis praesertim autem quod
antiquitates, historiamque numismatum
Danicorum illustratum, accurante Johanne
Laurentzen
, 2nd ed. (Copehagen,
1710).
, which has been published by Johannes LaurentzenLaurentzen, Johannes (c.
1648-1729). Danish. Royal printer to
the Danish court. Historian and
numismatist, engaged work with the royal
collections, the "Kunstkammer"
from ca. 1680. Responsible for the
second, enlarged edition of the
Museum regium (1710).
under the name Centrine. It is very unsatisfactory, though. The description, for example, is confused. Gunnerus is displeased also with Ole WormWorm, Ole (1588-1655). Danish.
Physician and antiquary. Collector of
curiosities.
who considers the Chimaera to be a Squalus. In the the same volume of the Skrifter the following animals will be described by Gunnerus and illustrated at his expense:

1. Canis carcharias or Lamia, which has never been correctly decpicted or described before. It is called ”white shark” in English. Jacob Theodor KleinKlein, Jacob Theodor
(1685-1759). German. Naturalist,
Dresden and Danzig. Director of the
Danziger Naturforscher-Gesellschaft. One
of Linnaeus’s opponents. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
calls it Cynocephalus albus (Historiae piscium naturalis promovendae missus primus-quintusKlein, Jacob Theodor
Historiae piscium naturalis
promovendae missus primus-quintus
, 5
vols. (Danzig, 1740-1749).
, III, §8, p. 5). Young specimen are often caught at Trondheim, but the biggest specimen that Gunnerus possesses comes from Nordland. [The article published by Gunnerus was, "Om haa-skierdingen"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
haa-skierdingen", Det
Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter
, 2
(1763), 330-339.
].

2. Phocaena, ”marsvin” in Danish, ”nise” or ”ise” in Norwegian. [The article published by Gunnerus was, "Om nisen"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
nisen", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 2 (1763),
258-269.
]. Gunnerus has dissected a specimen together with Robert Stephan HenriciHenrici, Robert Stephan
(1715-1781). Norwegian. Townphysician
and anatomist, Trondheim.
, the city physician of Trondheim.

3. Myxine glutinosa [”slepmark” or ”pirål” in Norwegian], which Gunnerus has dissected himself, and where he had clearly observed the difference between the sexes. [The article published by Gunnerus was, "Om sleep-marken"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
sleep-marken", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 2 (1763),
250-257.
].

4. Squalus spinax is also being dissected by Gunnerus and he gives a detailed description about that. There is a reference to Niels Steensen [Nicolas StenoSteno, Nicolas (1638-1686).
Danish. Anatomist and geologist.
] and to Fauna Svecica, 2nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum, 2nd edition
(Stockholm,
1761). Soulsby no. 1153.
. [The article published by Gunnerus was, "Om sort-haaen"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
sort-haaen", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 2 (1763),
313-320.
].

4. [5] Squalus catulus, will be described [by Gunnerus] in Skrifter, vol. 2. There are references to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
, 115, no. 9, and Klein’s Galeus dorso pulverulento (Historiae piscium naturalis promovendae missus primus-quintus) and to Aristotle’s Caniculae ”sea dogs”, etc. [Historia animaliumAristotle, Historia
animalium
] [The article published by Gunnerus was, "Om haae-gaelen"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
haae-gaelen", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 2 (1763),
235-249.
].

In Skrifter, vol. 2, Gunnerus has furthermore described Planta marina resedae facie [the article published by Gunnerus was, "Om en søevext"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
en søevext, allevegne ligesom
besat med frøehuuse, Gorgonia
resedaeformis
", Det
Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter
, 2
(1763), 313-320.
], which is found in Clusius’s [Charles de LecluseLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
] ”Exotica” [Gunnerus refers to, Exoticorum libri decem : quibus animalium, plantarum, aromatum, aliorumque peregrinorum fructuum historiae describunturLecluse, Charles de
Exoticorum libri decem : quibus
animalium, plantarum, aromatum,
aliorumque peregrinorum fructuum
historiae describuntur
(Leiden,
1605).
] and in Worm’s Museum, p. 234, etc [Museum WormianumWorm, Ole Museum Wormianum:
seu historia rerum rariorum, tam
naturalium, quam artificialium, tam
domesticarum, quam exoticarum, quae
Hafniae Danorum in ædibus authoris
servantur
(Leiden, 1655).
] and which Erik PontoppidanPontoppidan, Erik (1698-1764).
Danish. Author, bishop at Bergen,
historian and antiquary, vice-chancellor
at the university of Copenhagen.
has in Det første forsøg paa Norges naturlige historiePontoppidan, Erik Det
første forsøg paa Norges
naturlige historie, forestillende dette
kongeriges luft, grund, fjeld, vinde,
vaexter, metaller, etc
(Copenhagen,
1752-1753).
, volume 1, p. 252, no. 11, fig. II. This plant belongs to Linnaeus’s Gorgoniae and might be called Gorgonia resedago or Gorgonia reseduta. Gunnerus sends Linnaeus a specimen. Gunnerus also encloses a specimen of another marine plant, found at Ytteröen, which reminds one very much of Linnaeus’s Gorgonia flabellum. There are also similarities with John Ellis’sEllis, John (1711-1776).
British. Merchant and naturalist, expert
on zoophytes. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Flabellum [Gunnerus refers to an illustration in Ellis’s Essai sur l’ histoire naturelle des corallinesEllis, John Essai sur l’
histoire naturelle des corallines, et d’
autres productions marines du même
genre, qu’on trouve communément
sur les côtes de la
Grande-Bretagne et d’Irlande; auquel on
a joint une description d’un grand
polype de mer, pris auprès du
Pole arctique, par des pêcheurs de
Baleine, pendant l’été de
1753
(The Hague 1756).
, fig. 26, etc. ] . [Gunnerus published two more articles on Gorgonia resedaeformis, "Om et søe-trae, henhørande til Gorgonias Linnaei"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
et søe-trae, henhørande
til Gorgonias Linnaei, og som kan kaldes
Gorgonia Flabelliformis", Det
Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter
, 3
(1765), 1-14.
and "Om nogle norske coraller"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
nogle norske coraller", Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4 (1768), 38-73.
].

Gunnerus has received a Squalus maximus, [”Brugde” in Norwegian]. Four horses could hardly pull it. It was caught at Brattvær, in the parish of Smølen at Nordmør, in the same way as whales are caught. It has no teeth and lives from insects, etc. Its liver gave almost six barrels of oil. Thus it is profitable for the people in Nordland, Namdal and Nordmör.

Recently Gunnerus also received a Delphis or Delphinus, [there is a reference to Systema naturae, 39, 2]. It has very sharp teeth in both jaws, etc. It is called ”Springer”. Orca is also called ”Springer”, but more often ”Spekhugger”, etc.

Gunnerus discusses some plants and their usages: Osmunda stuthiopteris, Polypodium filix mas, Polypodium filix femina, Galium aparine, Artemisia vulgaris, Triticum repens , Fucus vesiculosus, Fucus serratus, Ulva latissima, Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium uliginosum, etc. [for all of these plants there are references to Flora Svecica 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica
: exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
oeconomorum, officinalibus
pharmacopaeorum
2nd ed. (Stockholm
1755). Soulsby no. 409.
, no. 935, 946, 128, 731, 114, 1145, 1144, 1156, 904, 333, 332, 334, 359, 314].

P.S. [dated 11 October 1762] Since the seaman who is going to forward the present letter and the other things is delayed by bad weather, Gunnerus adds some more observations. People say that there are two kinds or two species of Larus tridactylus and Larus canus. The one is called ”Krine-Krytkie. The farmers and fishermen in Nordland call it ”Krina-Krytkia”. This is the one dealt with in Linnaeus’s Fauna Svecica, no. 157. Gunnerus also has a specimen of Larus canus, Fauna [Svecica], no. 153; it is not maximus marinus, though, but much smaller, etc. Gunnerus considers this Larus tridactylus only a variety regarding age. Thus there is only one kind of Larus tridactylus, which is called ”Krytkie”. It has a yellow peak, black legs, etc. There are lots of them in Nordland and Finnmarken. In the summer Gunnerus has had forty birds slain in order to gain knowledge of them. [Gunnerus published an article on this bird, "Om krykkien"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
krykkien, Laro tridactylo
Linnaei)", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
(1765) 3, 119-124.
]. Friedrich MartensMartens, Friedrich (1635-1699).
German. Surgeon and barber, Hamburg.
has an adult Larus tridactylus in his Spitzbergische oder Groenlandische Reise-BeschreibungMartens, Friedrich
Spitzbergische oder Groenlandische
Reise-Beschreibung, gethan im Jahre
1671
(Hamburg, 1675).
, p. 59, no. 4, and calls it ”Mewe, die man Kutge Gehf nennet”. Johann Samuel HalleHalle, Johann Samuel
(1727-1810). German.
calls this bird ”Seefächer” in his Die Naturgeschichte der ThiereHalle, Johann Samuel Die
Naturgeschichte der Thiere in
sistematischer Ordnung
, 2 vols.
(Berlin, 1757-1760).
, II, p. 598, no. 748. Eleazar AlbinAlbin, Eleazar (1708-c.1742).
British. Naturalist and watercolourist
illustrator.
makes his Larus hybernus a tetradactylus [Gunnerus refers to Albin’s, Histoire naturelle des oiseauxAlbin, Eleazar Histoire
naturelle des oiseaux ornee de 306
estampes
, 4 vols. (The Hague,
1750).
]; otherwise it is a young one that he describes.

Gunnerus has preserved a Holothuria. It has ten arms on its head. [Gunnerus published an article on this species, "Beskrifning pä trenne norska Sjö-Kräk"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Beskrifning på trenne Norska
sjö-kräk, sjö-pungar
kallade (Holothuria frondosa, H.
tremula
)", KVAH, 28
(1767), 114-124.
]. Gunnerus refers Linnaeus to PlinyPliny the Elder, Gaius (23-79).
?. Naturalist and natural philosopher.
Author of Historia naturalis (c.
77), the most important Roman text on
botany.
, Book, IX, 71, p. 351 [Gunnerus means , Historiae naturalis libri XXXVIIPliny the Elder, Gaius
Historiae naturalis libri XXXVII /
quos interpretatione et
notis illustravit Joannes
Harduinus
, 2nd ed. (Paris, 1723).
, edited by Joannes HarduinusHarduinus, Joannes (1646-1729).
?. Jesuit priest.
]. In this animal Gunnerus believes that he has found the original of Lilium lapideum or Encrinus. It resembles the Encrinus found in Ellis’s work [see above], fig. 37 K, and others, for example Franciscus Ernst BrückmannBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
(1697-1753). German. Naturalist and
collector. Physician at Helmstädt,
later at Brunswick and
Wolffenbüttel. Father-in-law of
Friedrich Boerner. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, in his ”Epistolae” [Gunnerus refers to, Centuria epistolarum itinerariarumBrückmann, Franciscus Ernst
Centuria epistolarum itinerariarum /
accedit epistola J.G. Büchneri,
consil de memorabilibus Voigtlandiae
subterraneis
, 2 vols.
(Wolffenbüttel, 1742).
] .

Gunnerus mentions a species of Tethys that he has not been able to find in the Systema naturae. Johann Baptist BohadschBohadsch, Johann Baptist
(1724-1768). ?. Professor of botany
and pharmacology, Prague.
calls it Tethys fasciculata in his De quibusdam animalibus marinisBohadsch, Johann Baptist De
quibusdam animalibus marinis, eorumque
proprietatibus, orbi litterario vel
nondum vel minus notis, liber. Cum
nonnullis tabulis aeri incisis, ab
auctore super vivis animalibus
delineatis
(Dresden, 1761).
.

Gunnerus has many species of Cancer bernhardus, [there are references to Systema naturae, 239 no. 46, and Fauna Svecica, 2032]. There are, however, none whose left claw is the biggest. This is also obvious from Jan Swammerdam’sSwammerdam, Jan (1637-1680).
Dutch. Naturalist. By his microscopical
studies Swammerdam made fundamental
scientific contributions to the study of
entomology. Boerhaave edited his
Biblia naturae sive historia
insectorum
(1737-1738).
illustration [Gunnerus refers to Biblia naturae; sive historia insectorumSwammerdam, Jan Biblia
naturae; sive historia insectorum, in
classes certas redacta, nec non
exemplis, et anatomico variorvm
animalculorum examine, aeneisque tabulis
illustrata [...] Omnia lingua Batava
[...] conscripta. Accedit praefatio, in
qua vitam auctoris descripsit Hermannus
Boerhaave. Latinam versionem adscripsit
Hieronimus David Gaubius
, 2 vols.
(Leiden, 1737-1738).
]. Linnaeus is therefore correct in his first edition of Fauna Svecica, no. 1249, etc. that the right claw is the biggest.

Gunnerus also possesses an Aphrodita aculeata [there is a reference to, Fauna Svecica, no. 2099]. There will be a description of these kinds of animals in the Skrifter when Gunnerus has received the English microscope that he eagerly awaits [Gunnerus published this article in 1765, "Søe-musen"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Søe-musen",
(Aphrodita aculeata Linnaei) i
henseende til sin udvortes og indvortes
beskaffenhed", Det Trondhiemske
Selskabs Skrifter
, 3 (1765), 59-80.
and another one in 1768, "Forklaring paa Tab. X angaaende søe-musens anatomi"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Forklaring paa Tab. X angaaende
søe-musens anatomi", Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4 (1768), 95-98.
]. He sends Linnaeus a piece of a coral that probably is Madrepora axillis perforatis and another coral that is believed to be Gorgonia flabelliformis, etc. Again, due to the lack of microscope, Gunnerus has not been able to investigate it further. [Gunnerus described these in, "Om et søe-trae, henhørande til Gorgonias Linnaei" and in "Om nogle norske coraller"]. Gunnerus also sends a piece of a Gorgonia and a bean with a purgative function [Gunnerus described this in, "Efterretninger om de saa kaldede løsning-stene"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Efterretninger om de saa kaldede
løsning-stene, eller,
vette-nyrer, om orme-stene og nogle
andre udenlandske frugter, som findes
hist og her ved stranden i Norge",
Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 3 (1765), 15-32.
], which is commonly called Cor divi thomae. It is mentioned in Jacob Theodor Tabernaemontanus’sTabernaemontanus, Jacob Theodor
(c.1520-1590). German. Pharmacist,
physician-in-ordinary to the Kurfurst of
Pfalz at Heidelberg.
, Neuw vollkommentlich KreuterbuchTabernaemontanus, Jacob Theodor
Neuw vollkommentlich Kreuterbuch
[...] Jetzt wiederum mit vielen [...]
newen Figuren, auch nützlichen
Artzneyen [...] gemehret durch C.
Bauhinum
, I-III (Frankfurt am Main
1613).
, p. 878 F, etc., in [Clusius] de Lecluse’s ”Exotica”, in Worm’s Museum, p. 198, in Michael Bernhard ValentiniValentini, Michael Bernhard
(1657-1729). German. Physician.
Collector of curiosities.
, Museum museorumValentini, Michael Bernhard
Museum museorum, oder,
Vollständige Schau-Bühne aller
Materialien und Specereyen :nebst deren
natürlichen Beschreibung, Election,
Nutzen und Gebrauch, aus andern
Material-, Kunst- und
Naturalien-Kammern,
Oost-und-West-Indischen
Reisz-Beschreibungen, Curiosen Zeit- und
Tag-Registern, Natur- und
Artzney-Kündigern, wie auch
selbst-eigenen Erfahrung, zum Vorschub
der Studirenden Jugend, Materialisten,
Apothecker, und deren visitatoren, wie
auch anderer Künstler, als
Jubelirer, Mahler, Färber, u.s.w.
also verfasset, und mit etlich hundert
sauberen Kupfferstücken unter Augen
geleget
(Frankfurt am Main, 1714).
, I, p. 345, etc., Claude du Molinet’sMolinet, Claude du (1620-1687).
French. Librarian at de
Sainte-Geneviève, Paris.
French description of the Museum of St Genevieve, [Gunnerus refers to, Le Cabinet de la Bibliotheque de Sainte GenevièveMolinet, Claude du Le Cabinet
de la Bibliotheque de Sainte
Geneviève : Divisé en deux
parties. Contenant les antiquietz de la
réligion des Chrétiens, de
Egyptiens, & des Romains; de
tombeaux, des poids & des
médailles; des monnoyes, des
pierres antiques gravées, &
des mineraux; des talismans, des lampes
antiques, des animaux les plus rares
& les plus singuliers, de coquilles
les plus considérables, des
fruits étrangers, & quelques
plantes exquises
(Paris, 1692).
], II, p. 208, etc. It is depicted by Leonard PlukenetPlukenet, Leonard (1642-1706).
British. Botanist and physician.
Botanist to Mary II (wife of William
III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
in PhytographiaPlukenet, Leonard
Phytographia; sive Stirpium
illustriorum & minus cognitarum
icones, tabulis seneis summa diligentia
elaboratae, quarum unaquaeque titulis
descriptorijs ex notis suis propriis
& characteristicis desumptis,
insignita ab alijs ejusdem sortis facile
discriminatur
(London 1691-1696).
, fig. 211, etc. Valentini has got his illustration from Plukenet’s work. [With this letter] Gunnerus sends Linnaeus some small American beans, which Worm also describes [see above]. Gunnerus has looked in vain for the names of these beans in Linnaeus’s Systema.

Gunnerus also sends the following: 1) Larus parasiticus femina. He classifies it as ”Skua höieri.” Regarding Ferroa reserata, Lucas Debes [Gunnerus refers to the, Faeroae & Faeroa reserataDebes, Lucas Jacobsøn
Faeroae & Faeroa reserata: Det er
Farrøernis oc faerøeske
Indbyggeris beskrifvelse, udi hvilcken
føris til liuset adskillige
naturens hemeligheder, oc nogle
antiqviteter, som her til dags udi
mørcket hafve vaeret indelugt, oc
nu her opladis / alle curieuse til
velbehagelighed, sammenskrefven oc
forklaret aff
(Copenhagen, 1673).
] distinguishes between ”True” and ”Skue”. Also Thomas BartholinBartholin, Thomas (1616-1680).
Danish. Physician, mathematician,
theologian.
deals with this in his ”Acta” [Gunnerus refers to Thomae Bartholini Acta Medica et Philosophica HafniensiaBartholin, Thomas Thomae
Bartholini Acta Medica et Philosophica
Hafniensia
, 5 vols., (Copenhagen,
1673-1680).
, I, 86-102, II, 369-372]. Gunnerus is of the opinion that ”True” is the male Larus parasiticus and ”Skua” the female Larus parasiticus 2) A male Colymbus maximus finmarckius. Gunnerus means that it is identical with Colymbus maximus farrensis, which is found in Clusius [de Lecluse’s] and Worm and also in Johannes Laurentzen’sLaurentzen, Johannes (c.
1648-1729). Danish. Royal printer to
the Danish court. Historian and
numismatist, engaged work with the royal
collections, the "Kunstkammer"
from ca. 1680. Responsible for the
second, enlarged edition of the
Museum regium (1710).
Museum regium, 2nd editionJacobaeus, Holger & Johannes
Laurentzen
Museum regium, nunc
vero magna ex parte auctior uberibusque
commentariis praesertim autem quod
antiquitates, historiamque numismatum
Danicorum illustratum, accurante Johanne
Laurentzen
, 2nd ed. (Copehagen,
1710).
. Gunnerus also sends a male Colymbus marinus, which is described in volume 1 of the Skrifter. It can be found in Albin’s work, fig. 93, in the French edition, with the English name ”the great speckled loon from Newfoundland”. The female is illustrated in Albin, I, fig. 82, with the name Colymbus maximus candidus, ”the greatest speckled Diver or Loon”. Also Laurentzen mentions it in the Museum regium, and Erik PontoppidanPontoppidan, Erik (1698-1764).
Danish. Author, bishop at Bergen,
historian and antiquary, vice-chancellor
at the university of Copenhagen.
in Det første forsøg paa Norges naturlige historiePontoppidan, Erik Det
første forsøg paa Norges
naturlige historie, forestillende dette
kongeriges luft, grund, fjeld, vinde,
vaexter, metaller, etc
(Copenhagen,
1752-1753).
, II, etc. and Gunnerus himself in, "Om nogle lom-artede fugle, (Colymbis)"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
nogle lom-artede fugle,
(Colymbis)", Det
Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter
, 1
(1761), 236-270.
. 3) Gunnerus also sends Worm’s Colymbus arcticus. The marine plant mentioned above is believed to be a new species of Gorgonia. Gunnerus wonders whether the name Gorgonia is appropriate here. He sends a specimen.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original partly holograph (LS, VI, 25-28). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

upEDITIONS

1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 15-20 .