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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3165 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 6 November 1762 n.s.
Dated 1762 d. 6 Novembr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Clarissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] N[ICOLAO] L[AURENTIO] BURMANNO,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Hodie habui Tuas, V[ir] C[eleberrime], vere Botanicas literas, pro quibus plurimas grates Tibi reddo.

Avide exspecto proximam aestatem, ut videam Zinniae novam speciem, quae erit sine dubio speciosissima.

Utinam non intermisisti probe delineare novam Daturae speciem! An observasti in germine, num fructus sit aculeatus vel sal¬tem verrucosus?

Audivi, quod D[ominus] Jörlin perierit cum nave in reditu ad Sueciam. Non multum sollicitus fui de ejus itinere, cum non satis capax istius erat; optaveram tantum insecta Capensia.

Semina Geranii althaeoidis et Alströmiae habebis. Nitrariae baccae fuere ab avibus lectae, sed posses habere vivum fruticem, cum facile propagetur ramis depactis, ut habeamus quotquot velimus. Dodecatheon raro fert semina, et ista vix germinant, sed plantas habemus copiosas.

Amaryllis Tua nova proxime accedit ad A[maryllim] Reginae, sed petala in Tua sunt magis angusta, quam in figura Herm. par. t. 194 & Mill. ic. 24., sed non visa viva planta nil possum decidere. Ad Gloriosam nulla ratione referri potest, cum flores e spatha prodeant, et superi sint.

Antherici tua species, inclusa floribus parvis violaceis, est Ixia scillaris. Sp. plant. 2. p. 52.

Altera cum floribus pluribus est Ixia crocata ibidem, vide Mill. dict. t. 156. f. 1.

Ixia autem illa tua corollis flavis basi fuscomaculatis mihi non nota est.

Geranium difforme tuum est valde singularis species.

De Speciebus plantarum curam agam, ut habeas.

Allionii stirpes Pedemont[ii] et Hist[oriam] Taurinensem accepi. Gouani Hortum Monspeliensem etiam accepi.

Schaefferi Botanica expeditio mihi non visa est ultra unicum folium, quod indicat eum compilatorem esse, nec ipse sapere.

Arduini opus non accepi, sed sollicite quaesivi.

Gerardii Flora Galloprovincialis nec mihi visa est.

Gmelini otia botanica non audivi nominari. Halleri emendationes neque vidi.

An posses commutare mecum Gerardi, Arduini, Halleri pro Speciebus plantarum?

Adibo cras Bibliopolam et quaeram de opere Patris tui.

Annon posses in literis mihi mittere Speciem siccum Zinniae Tuae, ut eam insererem systemati cum honorifica Tui mentione?

Si accipiat D[ominus] Momma opus D[omini] Ammiral pro Bibliotheca regia, mox habebo, et sponsor ero, quod rite pecunias mox reportabit.

Hisce diebus in mea fenestra incepit nova Eupatorii americani species florere, distincta foliis alternis dentatis.

Vellem, quod legeres meam dissertationem de fundamentis fructificationis, quam nuper edidi. An licet per tabellarium mittere?

Si venerandus parens Tuus habeat utriculatam, quaeso, mittas mihi spicam unicam in literis; si illa sit diversa a mea, meam reddam perfecto specimine. Vidi eam olim, sed non rite recordor.

Devotissimas meas dicas illustri Parenti Tuo.

Vale!

Dab[am] Upsaliae 1762 d[ie] 6 Novembr[is].

[address]
Viro Clarissimo
D[omino] D[octori] N[icolao] L[aurentio] Burmanno
Med[icinae] Doctori
Amsterdam

upSUMMARY

Today Linnaeus has received Nikolaas Laurens BurmanísBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
botanical letter [Burman to Linnaeus, 23 October 1762Letter L3139] and he is very grateful.

Linnaeus is looking forward to seeing the new Zinnia species next summer.

Linnaeus had hoped that Burman would have delineated the new species of Datura accurately.

He has learned that Engelbert JörlinJörlin, Engelbert
(1733-1810). Swedish. Botanist.
Linnaeusís student. Teacher at Lund
University. Travelled in Europe.
Linnaeusís intention to send him to Cape
was never realised. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
was drowned on his way back to Sweden. He did not concern himself about this journey since Jörlin was not capable of it. Linnaeus expected only Cape insects.

Burman will have seeds of Geranium altheoides and Alström[er]ia. The Nitraria berries were picked by birds but it propagates easily by cuttings. Dodecatheon seldom has seeds and they hardly ever germinate, but he has a lot of plants.

Burmanís new Amaryllis species is very similar to Regina but not at all to Gloriosa.

Burmanís Anthericum is an Ixia scillaris.

The other one with many flowers is an Ixia crocata, but his Ixia with yellow corolla is unknown to Linnaeus.

Burmanís Geranium difforme is a very strange species.

Linnaeus will see to that Burman gets the new Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500.
.

Linnaeus has received Carlo AllioniísAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Stirpes pedemont and Hist. taurinensem [Linnaeus means Caroli Allionii [... ] Rariorum Pedemontii stirpiumAllioni, Carlo Caroli
Allionii [... ] Rariorum Pedemontii
stirpium specimen primum
(Torino
1755).
and ďSynopsis methodica stirpium horti TaurinensisĒAllioni, Carlo ďSynopsis
methodica stirpium horti TaurinensisĒ,
Mélanges de philosophie et de
mathématique de la
Société Royale de
Turin
(1760-1761), II, 48-76,
] as well as Antoine GouanísGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Antonii Goüan [...] Hortus regius MonspeliensisGouan, Antoine Antonii
Goüan [...] Hortus regius
Monspeliensis, sistens plantas tum
indigenas, tum exoticas No*0. MM. CC. ad
genera relatas [...] secundum sexualem
methodum digestas
(Lyon 1762).
.

Linnaeus wants to trade his Species plantarum for Gerardís, Arduinoís and Hallerís books, which he does not possess.

Linnaeus will go to the bookseller the next day and ask for Burmanís fatherís [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] books.

Linnaeus asks for a dried specimen of Zinnia so that he can insert it into his Systema with a reference to Burman [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming edition of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
].

If Burman sends Jacob LíAdmiralísL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
book [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
Diertjer
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
] for the Royal library to Peter MommaMomma, Peter Swedish. Printer
and publisher, Stockholm.
, Linnaeus will have it soon and he will be responsible for sending the money back.

Linnaeus has a new species of Eupatorium americanum flowering in his window.

Linnaeus would like Burman to read his dissertation Fundamentum fructificationisLinnaeus, Carl Fundamentum
fructificationis
, diss. resp. J. M.
Gråberg (Uppsala, 1762)- Soulsby
no. 2214.
that he published recently.

If Burmanís father has an utriculata Linnaeus asks Burman to send a spike in a letter. If it is different from Linneausís specimen he will send his in return.

Linnaeus sends his best regards to Burmanís father.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Linnť Burmannus, 0701-0704). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 70-71 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 233-235   p.233  p.234  p.235.