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Link: • Nicolaas Laurens Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 4 December 1762 n.s.
Dated 4 Decembris 1762. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
would have answered Linnaeusís last letter [Linnaeus to Burman, 6 November 1762Letter L3165] at once if his new Amaryllis had not brought forth its scape which he encloses in this letter. In his previous letter [Burman to Linnaeus, 23 October 1762Letter L3139] he could only send its flower. It is similar to the description of Amaryllis regina but not to John MillerísMiller, John (1715-1780).
German. Painter and engraver. Moved to
London in 1744. Published Illustratio
systematis sexualis Linnaei
and not to Paul HermannísHermann, Paul (1646-1695).
German. Botanist, physician at Batavia,
professor of botany at Leiden.

Burman also sends the Ixia species of which he sent a flower earlier. He had asked if it was a variety of Ixia alba.

The third specimen grew out recently from the bulbs Burman received this summer. It stopped flowering due to the autumn cold.

Burman would be very grateful if Linnaeus could teach him what is particularly characteristic of an Ixia. Burman has discussed it with David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
who recently visited him.

Neither Albrecht von HallerísHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
,nor Pietro ArduinoísArduino, Pietro (1728-1805).
Italian. Professor of economy, Padua.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, nor Louis GerardísGérard, Louis
(1733-1819). French. Botanist,
Cotignac, Provence. Correspondent of
books can be bought anywhere in Holland [Burman refers to Hallerís ĒOrchidum classis constitutaĒHaller, Albrecht von ďOrchidum
classis constitutaĒ, Acta helvetica,

4 (Basle, 1760), 82-166.
and Ad enumerationem stirpium helveticarum emendationes et auctariaHaller, Albrecht von Ad
enumerationem stirpium helveticarum
emendationes et auctaria
, I,
([Bern] [1759]).
, Arduinoís Animadversionum botanicarum specimenArduino, Pietro
Animadversionum botanicarum
(Padua, 1759).
and Gerardís Flora Gallo-ProvincialisGérard, Louis Flora
gallo-provincialis, cum iconibus
(Paris 1761).
]. The authors themselves had given copies to Burmanís father [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. The books were probably printed at the authors own expense. A Leiden bookseller, however, said that Haek [Theodoor HaakHaak, Theodoor (?-1768).
Dutch. Bookseller, Leiden.
], who now is staying in Paris, could probably bring them when he returns this spring.

Burman asks how much Georg Christian von OederísOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[Flora danica]. Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in regnis Daniae et NorvegiaeOeder, Georg Christian von
[Flora danica.] [Flora danica].
Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in
regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, in ducatibus
Slesvici et Holsatiae, et in comitatibus
Oldenburgi et Delmenhorstiae: ad
illustrandum opus de iisdem plantis,
regio jussu exarandum, Florae danicae
nomine inscriptum
, 17 vol., Suppl.
(1 v.) (Copenhagen 1766 [i.e.
pleases Linnaeus. The book was given to Burmanís father on the orders of the Danish king [Christian VII, King of DenmarkChristian VII, King of Denmark
(1749-1808). Danish. Reigned 1766-1808.
]. The King has asked Burmanís father for some plants for his garden.

Burman sends a Zinnia, though it is badly dried and has lost its colour. He will ask Daniel BalguerieBalguerie, Daniel (1733-1788).
Swedish. Swedish agent in Amsterdam,
succeeded his father Pierre Balguerie.
to bring Jacob LíAdmiralísL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
book [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
] to Peter MommaMomma, Peter Swedish. Printer
and publisher, Stockholm.

Nothing could be more pleasing to Burman than to receive Linnaeusís Fundamentum fructificationisLinnaeus, Carl Fundamentum
, diss. resp. J. M.
Gråberg (Uppsala, 1762)- Soulsby
no. 2214.
. He also thinks that Linnaeus should publish a new edition of his Philosophia [Burman refers to Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.

Burman sends seeds of Hydrangea. If Linnaeus wants a live stolon, Burman can send that, too.

Gloriosa never produces seeds, but Burman can send a bulb.

Burman sends very mature Clethra seeds. He can also send a live plant.

Burman asks Linnaeus what he meant by the utriculata plant. Is it a Bandura Zingalensium or Nepenthes?

Burman deeply regrets that he could not help Linnaeusís friend Lars BrobergBroberg, Lars Swedish.
Gardener at the Uppsala University
Botanical Garden.

Burmanís father sends his best regards.

P.S. 1. Burman writes that he has received the Zinnia from America (possibly Jamaica) and that he adds a seed of Arundo that is new. His father does not know any illustration of it but Burman thinks it was among the seeds collected by Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeusís student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Constantinople. The culm is taller than a man with leaves like Arundo vulgaris. Among the seeds Burman also found a new Citrullus with a fruit twice as big as a human head. He will send seeds of it in the future. They should be sown in a separate place since one plant occupies not less than a hundred feet.

P. S. 2. Burman asks if Linnaeus has received the seeds sent by Forsskål from Cairo. If not, and if it pleases Linnaeus to have them, Burman can send those of which he has a large supply. He offers them so that Linnaeus can add the plants in his Hortus UpsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Upsaliensis, exhibens plantas exoticas,
Horto Upsaliensis academiae a sese
illatas, ab anno 1742, in annum 1748,
additis differentiis, synonymis,
habitationibus, hospitiis, rariorumque
descriptionibus, in gratiam studiose
, I (Stockholm 1748).
Soulsby no. 424
. Burman has learned from Linnaeusís son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
] that Linnaeus has in mind to publish a new edition [there was no new edition].


a. (LS, II, 513-514). [1] [2] [3]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 72-74 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 235-237   p.235  p.236  p.237.