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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Anders Johan von Höpken, 18 January 1763 n.s.
Dated 1763 d. 1 Januari. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to ? (). Written in Swedish.


Linnaeus has been professor of botany and medicine in Uppsala for more than twenty years, and during this time, he has tried to fulfil his obligations and has also established this science in a state that has been accepted by all Europe. However, having been more careful with his work than with his health, he has shortened his life and suffers too soon from the weaknesses of old age. He would be sorry about this, if he did not see that his work had given him several distinctions from his fellow citizens and from Parliament [the Swedish Riksdag], which had recommended to the King and Council [Kungl. Maj:t.The King and Council,
Swedish. Kungl. Maj:t.
] that Linnaeus be allowed to resign and leave his position to somebody whom he himself had trained and chosen. The King and Council had approved this on June 29 of the preceding year.

The position that Linnaeus has had requires three qualities, namely:
1. profound knowledge of botany as a basis of medicine, dietetics and private economy;
2. long experience in managing the plants of a botanical garden;
3. knowledge of medicine, especially semiology, dietetics and materia medica.

On the basis of the Kingís and Councilís decision, Linnaeus asks Anders Johan von HöpkenHöpken, Anders Johan von
(1712-1789). Swedish. Count and
statesman. One of the founders of the
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.The
Chancellor of the Uppsala University
1760-1764. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to recommend them to appoint as Linnaeusís successor his son, Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
who has been adjunctus or demonstrator in this field for some years and whom Linnaeus has been training ever since he was very young.

Carl Linnaeus has come further in botany and natural history than anybody else in the country. He has taught several students privately, both Swedes and foreigners, and he has Linnaeusís large collection of books and specimens at his disposal, a result of Linnaeusís work and correspondence for many years.

Managing the Uppsala University Botancal Garden must be learned by long practice, and his son has grown up in the garden and has helped Linnaeus very much in recent years.

In medicine, his son has made some progress in his studies. He must learn more, and also there, Linnaeusís large collection of books will be of great help to him.

If Höpken suggests that the King and Council appoints Linnaeusís son as Linnaeusís successor, with the understanding that he will have time to improve his competence in all the fields of knowledge belonging to the position, for as long as Linnaeus can continue his work, Linnaeus hopes that this will have the result that the science will keep its position and that Linnaeusís collections of literature and specimens, without which no progress is possible, will be of good use.

Linnaeus asks to be allowed to keep the salary and other benefits connected with the position of professor, as long as he lives, as was arranged for Nils Rosén von RosensteinRosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
and Strömmer [Martin StrömerStrömer, Martin
(1707-1770). Swedish. Astronomer,
professor in Uppsala from 1745.
]. Until Linnaeus dies, his son should be content with his present salary as demonstrator and with what he can get in other ways. Linnaeus promises to continue to update and increase his scholarly heritage.

Linnaeus is very grateful that he has been granted the same privilege as Rosén and others, namely to arrange for a succession by selecting younger members of the same university. This gives an opportunity to safeguard and guarantee what has been attained, since one is glad to do this carefully when one feels that the authorities grant this at the end of oneís career.


a. original holograph (KB, Autograph Collection). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Svenska arbeten (1878), vol. 2, p. 108-111   p.108  p.109  p.110  p.111.