Linnaeus’s letter to Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. of 13 April 1763Letter L3244 arrived only on the previous day, and again, Jacquin has reason to blame Linnaeus for incorrect address information which has caused delays.
Jacquin admits a mistake on Cardamine bellidifolia, but he says he had been misled by information in Linnaeus’s Synonymia (Jacquin means part 4 of Ichtyologia sive opera omnia de piscibusArtedi, Peter Ichthyologia
sive opera omnia de piscibus, scilicet:
Bibliotheca ichthyologica. Philosophia
ichthyologica. Genera piscium. Synonymia
specierum. Descriptiones specierum.
Omnia in hoc genere perfectiora, quam
antea ulla. Posthuma vindicavit,
recognovit, coaptavit & edidit
Carolus Linnaeus (Leiden 1738). ) originating from Charles de LecluseLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden. . He even said it grew in Austria, which it does not.
A copy of the first part of the plates of plants (Linnaeus refers to Decas prima [et secunda] plantarum rariorum horti UpsaliensisLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
Decas prima [et secunda] plantarum
rariorum horti Upsaliensis sistens
descriptiones & figuras plantarum
minus cognitarum (Stockholm
1762-). ), which Linnaeus’s son Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
had published, had reached Vienna, where Franz von MygindMygind, Franz von
Counsellor of the imperial court in
Vienna. Correspondent of Linnaeus. had bought it for half a gold ducat. Jacquin is surprised that the preface says the pictures are somewhat sketchy in order to keep the price low and more convenient to botanists, since it is more expensive than a number of other important botanical works, and a number of those are cited; among them is Jacquin’s own work, priced at four ducats. They give very elaborated pictures. Jacquin points out that the accuracy and details of the pictures depend on the botanist more than on the engraver. Also Jacquin is busy publishing sets of botanical plates, and they will cost less than half as much as those published by Linnaeus’s son. – However, Jacquin congratulates him on the work and asks him to continue. The goal would be to create a sort of herbarium of good pictures, maybe with short descriptions. – Jacquin adds a short list exemplifying the plants he is about to include in his sets of plates.
Jacquin expresses his great admiration for Georg Christian von OederOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. , especially for his carefully made illustrations (Linnaeus refers to [Flora Danica]. Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in regnis Daniae et NorvegiaeOeder, Georg Christian von
Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in
regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, in ducatibus
Slesvici et Holsatiae, et in comitatibus
Oldenburgi et Delmenhorstiae: ad
illustrandum opus de iisdem plantis,
regio jussu exarandum, Florae danicae
nomine inscriptum, 17 vol., Suppl.
(1 v.) (Copenhagen 1766 [i.e.
Jacquin has sent a copy of his work (Jacquin refers toSelectarum stirpium Americanarum historiaJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Selectarum stirpium Americanarum
historia, in qua ad Linnaeanum systema
determinatae descriptaeque sistuntur
plantae illae, quas in insulis
Martinica, Jamaica, Domingo, alliisque,
et in vicinae continentis parte,
observavit rariores; adjectis iconibus
in solo natali delineatis (Vienna
1763). ). He had sent a set of pictures a month earlier through Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. . Some of them have been sent before, and he is anxious to see Linnaeus’s comments. He is surprised that Linnaeus has not yet received anything of what Jacquin had sent through Gronovius. – 50 more plates from the Dioscorides editionDioscorides, Pedanius (1st
century AD). Greek. Naturalist and
botanist. Letter L3380, will be sent when there is an opportunity.
Jacquin is sorry that Linnaeus could not wait for the information from Jacquin before publishing Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum (Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500. . He asks for detailed information on four species, of which he had just one specimen, and a poor one at that, so he is unable to send anything to Linnaeus.
The “Dioscorides manuscript” is written in majuscules without accents or word separation or punctuation (Jacquin refers to the “Codex Vindobonensis”Dioscorides, Pedanius “Codex
Nationalbibliothek, Vienna). ). He will send specimens of the pictures and will start with Tribulus terrestris.
A twig of Hedyotis Americana is enclosed. The plant was grown from seeds in Vienna three years earlier but is only half a foot high and has not flowered. – The character of Morinda Royoe is given with reference to Linnaeus’s request in the former letter. – A picture of Viola alpina is to be enclosed, and Jacquin asks for a specimen of Cardamine bellidifolia for his herbarium.