Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for the letter of 23 January 1763Letter L3189, received on the previous day. He regrets that he has not yet got vol. 1 of Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum (Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500. that Linnaeus should have sent through Christian Friis RottböllRottböll, Christian Friis
(1727-1797). Danish. Botanist and
physician. Professor of medicine at
Copenhagen. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. . However, Rottböll has sent him the first instalments of Flora Danica. Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in regnis Daniae et NorvegiaeOeder, Georg Christian von
Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in
regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, in ducatibus
Slesvici et Holsatiae, et in comitatibus
Oldenburgi et Delmenhorstiae: ad
illustrandum opus de iisdem plantis,
regio jussu exarandum, Florae danicae
nomine inscriptum, 17 vol., Suppl.
(1 v.) (Copenhagen 1766 [i.e.
and Jacquin asks for Linnaeus’s opinion on that work. Jacquin is not fully satisfied.
Two days later, he will send by ordinary mail a copy of his work (Jacquin refers to Selectarum stirpium Americanarum historiaJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Selectarum stirpium Americanarum
historia, in qua ad Linnaeanum systema
determinatae descriptaeque sistuntur
plantae illae, quas in insulis
Martinica, Jamaica, Domingo, alliisque,
et in vicinae continentis parte,
observavit rariores; adjectis iconibus
in solo natali delineatis (Vienna
1763). ) to Rottböll, who will be urged to forward it to Linnaeus without delay. It should be with Linnaeus within 5 weeks. Jacquin will not send more material to Linnaeus but suggests that Linnaeus prolongs the printing so that he can include something from Jacquin as an appendix. Jacquin is eager not to send too much through Rottböll, and especially not illustrations. Rottböll does not know that it is a new work by Jacquin that he is asked to forward, and Jacquin does not want him to know.
Jacquin will also forward pictures from the old manuscript of Dioscorides (Jacquin refers to “Codex Vindobonensis”Dioscorides, Pedanius “Codex
Nationalbibliothek, Vienna). , which Linnaeus had been eager to see. He will continue to do so for some time. However, Jacquin asks Linnaeus to keep that information to himself, since Jacquin shared the responsibility for that work with Gerhard van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. ; the work as a whole is a very large project, heavily funded by the Emperor Franz IFranz I, (1708-1765).
Austrian. Reigned from 1745-1765. , and under an imperial privilege (Jacquin had arranged for the plants illustrations in the “Codex Vindobonensis” being engraved for a work on ancient and modern medicinal plants. Nothing came out of this project, except for a few setts of proofs. On this see, Lack, “Ex oriente lux – the story of the Codex Vindobonensis”Lack, H. Walter “Ex oriente lux
- the story of the Codex Vindobonensis”,
The Society for the History of
Natural History, 14th international
conference & AGM. Illuminating
nature: spotlights on natural history
illustration. 8-10 May 2003. Programme
and abstracts (Florence 2003). ).
Jacquin answers Linnaeus’s question on Aquartia’s anthers by admitting that he does not remember. He happened to be travelling and to be delayed in that by a serious attack of dysentery, when he found and examined that plant.
After some more details and a request for rare seeds, Jacquin gives Linnaeus a character of Veronica Bonarota which Giovanni Antonio ScopoliScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. had supplied. Scopoli wants to make it a new genus, called Ageria and Linnaeus is asked for advice. Jacquin has it only dried in the herbarium.