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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3392 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 20 April 1764 n.s.
Dated 1764 d. 20 Aprilis. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Experientissime D[omi]ne Doctor,

Hodie accepi Tuas d[ie] 2 aprilis datas, refertas multis curiosis rebus, quae mihi salivam movebant.

D[omi]ni Ammiralis librum de insectis dudum accepi; scripsi hodie Holmiam ad D[ominum] Grill et quaesivi, quantum nostra monetae haberet pro 36 florenis; ut hujus responsum habuero, curabo illico, quod ejus frater Amsteledami pecunias solvat.

Pulchre depictum insectum e Surinamo ipse possideo, et inserui museo Reginae ad initium, ubi de Cerambycibus agitur. Totum opus intra mensem erit absolutum; meum insectum est figura sextuplo majus vel ultra.

Gratias egi dudum pro seminibus Forskåleanis, e quibus paucae mihi prognatae plantae. Accepi et nuper, sed omnia ejus semina fuere in itinere diu in loco calido exsiccata, ut inde leve gaudium sperare liceat.

Accepi Bulbos a D[omino] Hasselgren Holmia missos, sed nesciebam, quis miserat. Erat stupendus Thesaurus bulborum, quo me beasti, pro quo non satis sufficienter Tibi devotam mentem reddam.

Geranium novae speciei foliis crispis est nil nisi Geranium scabrum, sed planta pygmea; contuli meum exemplar sub microscopio et est illud idem.

Geranium spinosum. Calyx 5-phyllus. Stamina aequalia 10. Ergo debet in meis speciebus occupare locum penultimum; non dubito, quin pedunculi sint uniflori; cum geraniis africanis heptandris nil habet commune, sed convenit cum Europaeis ultimis. Antherae ovatae versatiles sunt.

Geranium grandiflorum. Differt a reliquis Geraniis Pistillis 5 distinctis, nec coalitis in rostrum. Germina subulata vix styli vestigium habent, et Stigma singulorum est verruciforme. Calyx monophyllus patens est, nec pentaphyllus, ut in Europaeis. Calyx hic non basi tubulosus est, ut in Africanis; nec stamina 7 inaequalia, sed stamina regularia, ut in Europaeis; non meretur inde no¬vum genus condere tantum ob germina distincta 5, nulla tenus 10 sunt. Ex quibusdam floribus videntur alii masculi, nisi excrescant demum germina in fundo floris haerentia.

Drosera verticillata pulcherrima planta est, et novi generis, proxima Sauvagesiae, sed absque nectario.

Cal. pentaphyllus foliis lanceolatis aequalibus persistentibus, longitudine fere petalorum.
Petala 5 obovata patentia sessilia aequalia.
Stam. filamenta 5 filiformia, corolla dimidio breviora. Antherae erectae semibifidae subulatae apice dehiscentes; basi hinc gibbae in nectarium saccatum obtusum.
Pist. Germen oblongosubulatum. Stylus cylindricus longitudine staminum. Stigma truncatum levissime 3-fidum.
PER. Capsula subtrigona, trivalvis, an 3-locularis, videre nequeo. Sem. plurima.

Quaeso, disseca pistillum transversim in Tuo specimine, et armato oculo inspice, quot loculamenta fructus sint, sine quibus claudicat character.

Ramuli fruticosi, ut videtur, terrae immersi. Folia ramulorum terminalia plurima, subulata plana dentata dentibus filiformibus, simulque ciliata.

Si Nob[ilissimus] Parens tuus vellet mihi dare flosculum ex suis African[is], tab. 72. f. 2., illum aperirem caute et viderem, num posset ad hoc novum genus referri.

Quotquot velis ad me mittere siccas plantas, eas rite examinabo et observata cum plantis sincere remittam absque ulla inter¬posita mora.

Paucas habeo ego plantas Africanas; si habeas superfluas, mittas ad me aliquot specimina; videbis responsa mea mox et quae circa illa notavi.

Nuper accepi Pisces copiosos et insecta ex America, quibus hodie delector.

Anne velles mihi describere Tuam simiam, ut eam insererem tuis verbis novo systemati.

Devotissima mea dicas summo Parenti Tui [sic], quem perpetuo colam ob beneficia, ob merita in artem nostram, ob animam candidissimam.

Vale et me ama!

Dabam Upsaliae 1764 d[ie] 20 Aprilis.

[address]
a Monsieur
Monsieur N[icolaus] L[aurentius] Burmannus
Docteur en Medicine
Amsterdam

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has received Nicolaas Laurens BurmanísBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 2 April,1764Letter L3396, full of things that pleased him very much. He received Jacob LíAdmiralísL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
book [Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
Diertjer
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
] long ago and he has written to Claes GrillGrill, Claes (1705-1767).
Swedish. Merchant, owner of the iron
works of Söderfors, Österby
and Iggesund. Director of the Swedish
East India Company. Also known as an art
collector and patron of arts and
sciences. Brother of Anthoni Grill and
Johan Abraham Grill. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
in Stockholm asking how much 36 florins are in Swedish money. When he has the answer Grillís brother [Anthoni GrillGrill, Anthoni (1705-1783).
Swedish. Merchant in Amsterdam. Brother
of Claes Grill and Johan Abraham Grill.
]in Amsterdam will pay out the amount.

Linnaeus possesses a beautiful picture of a Surinamese insect. He had it inserted into the Queenís Museum [Linnaeus refers to his Museum s:ae m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginaeLinnaeus, Carl Museum s:ae
m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginae

(Stockholm 1764). Soulsby no. 1095a.
] at the beginning where it deals with Cerambycidae. The whole work will be completed in a month. The insect is enlarged six times.

Linnaeus has already expressed his gratitude for Peter ForsskålísForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeusís student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
seeds. Some have produced plants. He has recently received more, but they had dried from being too long in the warm during the journey.

Linnaeus has received the bulbs sent by Niclas HasselgrenHasselgren, Niclas (1714-1773).
Swedish. Wholesale dealer, Stockholm.
from Stockholm but he did not know where they came from. He is very grateful.

The new Geranium species is nothing but a Geranium scabrum but a pygmy plant. Linnaeus has examined it under the microscope.

Linnaeus describes Geranium spinosum. It has nothing to do with African Gerania.

Drosera verticillata is a very beautiful plant belonging to a new genus, very similar to Sauvagesia but without nectary. He gives a description of the flower and the plant and he asks Burman to dissect the pistil of his specimen, looking with a magnifying glass to see how many loculi there are in the fruit. Otherwise the description will limp.

Linnaeus wants Burmanís father [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] to send a flower from one of his African plants. Linnaeus will see if it belongs to a new genus.

Burman can send as many dried plants as he likes. Linnaeus will examine them and return them at once.

Since he has only a few African plants he asks Burman to send some if he has an abundance.

Linnaeus is delighted at quite a lot of fishes and some insects from America, which he received recently.

He asks Burman for a description of his monkey that he could insert into his new Systema [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming edition of kSystema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
].

Linnaeus sends his best regards to Burmanís father. He always holds him in high esteem due to his benefactions, his merits in botany and his very kind heart.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Linnť Burmannus, 0801-0804). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 75-76 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 241-243   p.241  p.242  p.243.