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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 27 July 1764 n.s.
Dated 1764 d. 27 julii. Sent from Hammarby (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus has received a box with very rare plants from Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
that he has studied eagerly. The African plants please him very much. Most species are very beautiful and he will comment upon each of them. This is a very generous gift and he does not know how to thank Burman.

Most of the Indian plants are damaged, without fructifications, and not even an Oedipus can solve the riddles. Those having a fructificaton he will describe and classify and return as soon as possible.

Among the Cape plants, the fructification of Petasites, a new genus, pleases him most.

Linnaeus will answer to each one of the very perfect Cape plants. If he cannot understand something that Burman has written, he will send it back together with the Indian plants, and Burman can tell him what he meant. Linnaeus regrets that there are many new genera among the Indian plants and he cannot describe them since they are not perfect. He has found twelve new genera.

Linnaeus will also reply to the different species of Geranium.

Brassica spinosa flowers.

It pleases Linnaeus to find a perfect species of Coldenia among the Indian plants.

Burmanís Gladiolus petalis undulatis is really a very splendid plant.

Morea Milleri flowers but Linnaeus has only one specimen.

Linnaeus asks Burman to forward the enclosed letter [this letter has not come down to us] to Christian KleynhoffKleynhoff, Christian (?-?).
Dutch?. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
who sent him some seeds last year [Kleynhoff to Linnaeus, 19 October 1763Letter L3311].

Linnaeus wonders if his son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
] has sent money to Burman for Jacob LíAdmiralísL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
insects [Linnaeus refers to the Naauwkeurige WaarneemingenL´Admiral, Jacob
Naauwkeurige Waarneemingen van Veele
Gestaltverwisselende Gekorvene
(Amsterdam, [1740]).
]. Linnaeus gave it to him a long time ago.

Linnaeus has never seen something more stupid than Michel AdansonísAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
method [Linnaeus refers to the method brought forward by Adanson in Famille des plantesAdanson, Michel Familles des
, 2 vol. (Paris, 1763).
]. Even a tiro could see that Mesembryanthemum is one genus, but Adanson distinguishes three, and so on. This is not a system but only fragments. He has changed every name for the worse. Linnaeus wonders if the man is sane and sober.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnťs arkiv, 2001-2004). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 77-79 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 170-172   p.170  p.171  p.172.