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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3422 • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Gessner, 27 July 1764 n.s.
Dated d. 27 julii 1764. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to ZŁrich (Switzerland). Written in Latin.

Viro illustri,
D[omino] D[octori] JO[HANNI] GESNERO,
Seculi nostri ornamento,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Carol[us] v[on] Linné,
Eques.

Demum, quas exoptaveram diu, amicissimas doctissimas Tuas d[iei] 14 Novembr[is] praecedentis anni, heri habui. Nescio, quae me tractant in Tui culturam ubique ingenuum doctum et sapientem. Utinam brevior via epistolam posset obtineri pro nostro commercio!

Mihi nil magis gratum contingit quam posse cum viris solidis loqui per epistolas, qui nequeo habere Botanicum aut naturae consultum in patria, nisi accedant peregrini, qui per annum unum alternumve hic florent, et quam primum sapere inceperunt, discedunt. Hinc barbarus hic ego sum nec intelligor ulli et rident stolidi verba Latina Getae.

Ut vidi Tabulas Tuas aeri incisas tam pulchre tam concinne, apte et selecte, sensi me attonitum novis intumuisse curis, nec scio, qua ratione hoc opus accipiam perfectum. In Tuos amplexus me Tibi basia do, Tibi preces fundo, Tibi offero, si quae in mea potestate sunt muniuscula, modo habeam; per floram et flores tibi obsecro ad me mittas, licet absque coloribus. Fac, ut sciam quod observasti de Equiseti fructificatione et quomodo sese habeat in eo sexus differentia.

E catalogo Fuedini habeo, ni fallor, omnes excepto Cynosuro versicolore.

Gnaphalum s[ive] Filago Leontopodium etiam inter Fuedini plantas observo, adeoque potestis vos eandem obtinere vivam. Quaeso, itaque ipse examines hujus flosculos et observes, quomodo sexus s[ive] stamina et pistilla sese habeant, cum differant, ut video ex meo sicco specimine, in non paucis et singulari modo sese habeant.

Gundeliam ipse non habeo; in horto crescere recusavit; ex figura Te ejus flores habere ad minimum siccos perspicio; novi capitulum s[ive] Receptaculum divisum in parva receptacula. Horum singula continere flosculos quinque; non intermedium esse fertilem reliquos steriles. Dicas mihi, num in 4-locularibus sint et stamina et pistilla. An etiam stamina cum pistillo in centrali flosculo? Haec, quaeso, me doceas.

Auctarium s[ive] Emendationes Halleri, de quibus varia audivi, numquam potuerunt pervenire ad meas manus, ut ut Bibliopolas nostrates petii.

Hisque diebus e prelo prodibit Museum s[ive] Reginae nostrae, quod constat duobus alphabetis 8vo absque figuris ex solis definitionibus; synonyma nulla addidi, praeter ea quae habeo in systemate.

D[ominus] Clerck nostras dedit duas partes libri sui, cui titulus Icones insectorum rariorum 4to majore. In priore parte habet tantum phalaenas parvas et ab aliis non delineatis; in secunda parte delineavit Papiliones e museo Reginae pulcheriores et indicos, unde opus evasit adeo pulchrum, ut vix ullus alius liber cum ejus comparari queat. Sed autor etiam nunc modo 3 absolvit exemplaria, pro se, pro Regina et pro me. Sed continuerat, ut alii obtineant, modo ejus status concedat, cum eum per sit et non sua culpa nuper infelix factus.

Num pervolvo Adansonii opus, qui promisit methodum naturalem, sed nullius methodus est minus naturalis. Non novi virum; videtur tamen esse vel non bene sanus vel non sobrius. Ille ausus est dividere Mesembryanthema in plura genera. Furatus ubique suas observationes, aliam naevos.

Nuper plures rariores plantas ex India orientali habui, et ex his decem distincta genera.

Numquam vidimus orbis antarctici insecta, quae diutissime exoptavi, tandem egrius Thesaurum horum reportavi e Cap[ite] B[onae] Spei et nuper alium e Barbaria; in hoc Cancer adeo singularis, ut nihil cum eo comparandum; pedes perplerique connati in laminam haemiphaericam, quae legit corpus; ibi etiam novum genus Insectorum Coleoptratorum, proximum Chrysomelum undique aculeatum.

Nuper habui literas ex India, quae respondent ad quaesitionem a me propositam, num lubeant Pisces Branchiostegi praeter branchias etiam pulmones. Confirmarent epistolae et pisces ipsi in s[piritu] v[ini] pulchre asservati. Metamorphosi eorum prius vidi.

Hisce vale, vive diu felix in augmentum solidum artis meque Tuis annumera!

Dabam Upsaliae e praedio d[ie] 27 juli 1764

reconvalescens a diro morbo Pleuritico.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has finally received Johannes GessnerísGessner, Johannes (1709-1790).
Swiss. Naturalist, Zürich.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 14 November last year [Gessner to Linnaeus, 14 November 1763Letter L3328]. Linnaeus praises Gessner; he is a learned and wise man.

The most pleasant thing in Linnaeusís life is to correspond with learned men through letters. He cannot discuss botany and natural history in Sweden. Foreigners come and stay for some time, but then they leave. Linnaeus complains that he is not understood by anybody in his own country.

Linnaeus was deeply impressed when he saw Gessnerís plates engraved on copper. He would like to know what Gessner has to say about the fructification of Equisetum.

Linnaeus has all plants in Fuedinusís catalogue except Cynosurus versicolor.

Linnaeus offers to send Gnaphalum or Filago Leontopodium to Gessner.

Gundelia refuses to grow in the Uppsala University Botanical Garden [LinnéträdgårdenLinnéträdgården,
Swedish. The Uppsala University
Botanical Garden was founded by Olof
Rudbeck the Elder in 1655.
]. Linnaeus has some questions about this plant.

Linnaeus has not yet been able to buy Albrecht von HallerísHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Auctarium or Emendationes [Linnaeus refers to Ad enumerationem stirpium helveticarum emendationes et auctariaHaller, Albrecht von Ad
enumerationem stirpium helveticarum
emendationes et auctaria
, I,
([Bern] [1759]).
].

Linnaeusís Museum s:ae m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginaeLinnaeus, Carl Museum s:ae
m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginae

(Stockholm 1764). Soulsby no. 1095a.
will soon be published.

Carl Alexander ClerckClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has published two parts of his book. The title of the work is Icones insectorum rariorumClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
; the book is described; it is very beautiful with butterflies etc.

Linnaeus is reading Michel AdansonísAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
work on a natural method [Linnaeus refers to the Familles des plantesAdanson, Michel Familles des
plantes
, 2 vol. (Paris, 1763).
]. Linnaeus considers Adanson insane. Adanson divides Mesambryanthemum into many genera.

Linnaeus has received many rare plants from India; there are ten distinct genera.

Linnaeus has received many insects from the Cape of Good Hope and from Barbaria; among them there was a very special Cancer.

Linnaeus has recently received a letter from India. Thus it was confirmed that the branchiostegal fishes also breathe through lungs.

P.S. Linnaeus is recovering from a severe pleuritis.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (Private collection). [1] [2] [3] [4]