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Link: • Domenico Maria Leone Cirillo to Carl Linnaeus, 14 October 1764 n.s.
Dated pridie Idus Octobr. A. 1764.. Sent from Napoli (Italia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Domenico Maria Leone CirilloCirillo, Domenico Maria Leone
(1739-1799). Italian. Physician and
naturalist, Naples. Correspondent of
is sorry that he had not answered Linnaeusís letter earlier [this letter has not come down to us]. When he received it he was uneasy because of his journey to Sicily and it was also too hot to write. Instead, he decided to write when he had returned, because then he could tell Linnaeus about the rare Sicilian plants.

Cirillo tells Linnaeus about his trip to Sicily: the Count of ChiaromonteChiaromonte, Italian. Count. showed him his private pleasure garden of indigenous and exotic plants. Cirillo saw Hortus CatholicusCupani, Francesco Hortus
Catholicus : seù illustrissimi,
& excellentissimi principis
Catholicæ, ducis Misilmeris,
comitis Vicaris, baronis Prizis. [...]
autore Francisco Cupani
illustrated by Francesco CupaniCupani, Francesco (1657-1711).
Italian. Botanist, Messina.
. Cirillo collected seeds and dry specimens of most of the plants around Panormo, Messana, Mount Aetna and Syracusa. He also collected many insects, minerals and petrefacts.

The Mountains of Panormo and the shores abound in many beautiful plants. There is especially a species of Polygonum, whose description Cirillo has never seen. He will send Linnaeus a dried specimen.

Aparine minor saxatilis grows abundantly around Panormo. Cirillo sends many species of Arenaria, Hypecoum procumbens, Scabiosa cretica, Iberis semperflorens, etc.

Thapsia turbith, Asclepium convolvulus peregrinus, Convolvulus siculus, Convolvulus lineatus, Arundo arenaria, Andropogon ciliatum, Chenopodium maritimum, Iris sisyrinchium, etc., grow in maritime meadows.

Teucrium fruticans, Thalictrum purpureum, Osyris alba, Silene fruticosa, Echium montanum, etc., grow on slopes.

Aegilops incurva, Rhamnus paliurus, Euphorbia dendroides, Chamaerops humilis, etc., grow everywhere.

At the end of May, Cirillo went to Catana to observe plants and also the famous ignivomous mountain Aetna.

Ononis, Jacobaea sicula chrysanthemi facie, Vitex agnus-castus, Lavatera olbia, Molucella spinosa, Gypsophyla struthium, etc., grow around Catana.

Cirillo often saw Eryngium capitulis psylii, Brassica orientalis, Astragalus epiglottis, etc., in the countryside of Catana. However, Astragalus tragacantha is frequent on Mount Aetna.

Cirillo has acquired Sicilian minerals and the Cicindela maura that is described in Linnaeusís Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
. He also mentions a new beetle species of Meloë. He will also send rare Sicilian petrefacts.

Michele Enrico SagramosoSagramoso, Michele Enrico
(1720-1791). Italian. Marquis, Verona.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
sends his greetings. He is proud to belong to Linnaeusís friends and disciples.

Fabio ColonnaísColonna, Fabio (1567-1650).
Italian. Botanist, painter and engraver.
Ranunculus aquaticus cotyledonis folio is a genuine species of Ranunculus. It is obvious that Michelangelo TilliTilli, Michelangelo
(1665-1740). Italian. Professor of
botany, supervisor of the botanical
garden, Pisa. Grandfather of Angelo
Attilio Tilli.
and Pietro Antonio MicheliMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
made a mistake.

Cirillo has only seen the new edition of Linnaeusís Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1762-1763).
Soulsby no. 500.
. He eagerly awaits it from Holland together with the new edition of Linnaeusís Genera plantarum [...] editio sextaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] editio sexta ab auctore
reformata et aucta
(Stockholm 1764).
Soulsby no. 305.

Cirillo encloses some seeds of Sicilian plants; he will send more later on.

P.S.1 The Count of Chiaromonte sends his greetings; he wants to exchange rare seeds with Linnaeus.

P.S.2 Cirillo will send the majority of seeds later on together with dried specimens of Sicilian plants.


a. (LS, III, 189-190). [1] [2] [3]