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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 4 January 1765 n.s.
Dated 4 jan. 1765. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Three days ago Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
received a much longed for letter from Linnaeus [Linnaeus to Burman 17 December 1764Letter L3498] where he learns that the Cape plants that his son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] sent last autumn have arrived. They are a gift for Linnaeus and with numbers added to which Linnaeus may refer when he sends his observations. If the plants please Linnaeus, Burman and his son can send more later and then Linnaeus will have a complete Cape herbarium.

The Burmans have also received two letters from Linnaeus in September and October [these letters have not come down to us] with explanations for Cape and Indian plants. Burman would have answered long ago if he had not been waiting week after week for the box that Linnaeus had sent. Recently he heard from Daniel BalguerieBalguerie, Daniel (1733-1788).
Swedish. Swedish agent in Amsterdam,
succeeded his father Pierre Balguerie.
that the ship had reached to the coasts of Holland but now is staying at the island Texel because of the very cold weather.

Burman is surprised to see that Linnaeus has received 400 Indian plants with Indian names on them. Burman guesses that Christian KleynhoffKleynhoff, Christian (?-?).
Dutch?. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has sent his Indian herbarium to Linnaeus. If Linnaeus writes the names on a piece of paper and sends it to Burman, he can compare them with his own plants and find out who sent them. Perhaps the plants in the illustrations are among those Indian plants. The smaller is called Iasminum Iaponicum. Burman thinks that it belongs to the species Ledum. The larger one, Frutex volubilis, is called Camonga or Mangoenong by the inhabitants. Burman asks for Linnaeus’s opinion and wishes that he could add the name of the genus and species to the Indian names. This will help his son very much in composing his Indian flora.

Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
has probably arrived in Sweden now and Burman asks Linnaeus to send him his best regards. Alströmer undertook and finished a description of Burman’s monkey. The monkey is still alert and cheerful but bites foreigners.

If it germinates again in spring, Burman will send a new and more complete specimen of the new species of Geranium that he sent in his last letter. He will also send new Indian plants.


a. (LS, II, 477-478). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 176-177   p.176  p.177.