-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Nicolaus Joseph, baron von Jacquin to Carl Linnaeus, 2 January 1765 n.s.
Dated 2 Januarii die 1765. Sent from Schemnitz (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.


Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
has received Linnaeusís letter of 16 October 1764Letter L3464 which had been on its way for a long time. It seems to have been lying in a bag somewhere for a considerable time, since its cover is dirty and maltreated.

Linnaeus had called Jacquinís letter of 10 September 1764Letter L4261 severe, and Jacquin admits it. Being a conscientious and fair man, he did not expect to be left by Linnaeus, whom he had defended so well in all circumstances. Jacquin accepts Linnaeusís reasons, his illness, which is now passed, his busy life, but he does not like being left without an answer when he needs one. Others could have informed him instead, if he had known that Linnaeus would not do it in time. The 114 specimens sent through Gronovius are still unaccounted for. In the undated letter, which Jacquin had answered on 26 October 1763Letter L3306, Linnaeus said that he had thanked for them in the previous letter, i.e. that of 20 July 1763Letter L3276, but there is not a word in that letter there. And how could there be? Could Linnaeus have answered that one out in his country estate, without access to books and herbarium? Jacquin gave the list once more in the letter of 4 February 1764Letter L3375, with both his own and Linnaeusís numbers. That letter has been acknowledged, but the specific questions have not been dealt with.

What makes it so painful for Jacquin is that much of that material came from Franz von MygindMygind, Franz von
(c.1710-1789). Danish/Austrian.
Counsellor of the imperial court in
Vienna. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who is both ironic with Jacquin for having such confidence in Linnaeus and sorry for the loss of all that material without getting anything back.

Jacquin has asked the postmaster to check for letters left behind and has found a letter from Linnaeus dated 4 July 1762Letter L3110, but nothing else. Jacquin submits a list of his own letters to Linnaeus and adds which letters from Linnaeus each letter refers to.

Jacquin wants no more said about this, since he is not that kind of person. He includes the list of the 114 specimens with their numbers once more for Linnaeus to deal with at his own pace. He wants to know why Linnaeus has not bothered to answer him. If Linnaeus wants to answer now, this is an opportunity; if Linnaeus is unwilling, Jacquin will accept Linnaeusís reasons. Ė He will continue to defend Linnaeus when necessary.

On the material promised by Linnaeus, Jacquin suggests that it is sent to Christian Friis RottböllRottböll, Christian Friis
(1727-1797). Danish. Botanist and
physician. Professor of medicine at
Copenhagen. Linnaeusís student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
through one of the frequent mail services from Stockholm to Copenhagen. Rottböll will soon send Jacquin a major box with Danish minerals, and Linnaeusís things can go there too.

Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von CrantzCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
(1722-1799). Austrian. Naturalist
and physician. Professor in obstetrics
in 1754, Vienna.
in Vienna, is a great enemy of Linnaeus and his friends. He has published many works against Linnaeus. He even thinks Jacquinís preface to the work on American plants [Selectarum stirpium Americanarum historiaJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Selectarum stirpium Americanarum
historia, in qua ad Linnaeanum systema
determinatae descriptaeque sistuntur
plantae illae, quas in insulis
Martinica, Jamaica, Domingo, alliisque,
et in vicinae continentis parte,
observavit rariores; adjectis iconibus
in solo natali delineatis
], where Jacquin explains his Linnaean naming system, is written to offend him, and he is angry with Jacquin also for other reasons. Jacquin thinks he is a self-contained and irascible man, not reliable in medicine either. Jacquin has heard that Crantz plans to publish a version of Linnaeusís Species plantarum rearranged according to some new system [Jacquin presumably refers to Institutiones rei herbariae iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex habituCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
Institutiones rei herbariae
iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex
([Vienna] 1766).

A bird from Grenada, called Chavaria, is very carefully described. It is 1.5 feet tall, and it can be tamed. Jacquin had tried to take some back to Europe with him but they had died during the long voyage that lasted from November 1 to February 26.

In that context, Jacquin asks Linnaeus to distinguish the city of Cartagena in Grenada and a town Cartago situated in America some hundred miles away up north. The former should be called Cartagena Indica, but for short, Jacquin has just called it Cartagena in his work, since all the plants are from that part of the world.

Jacquin has just received from Graz in Steyermark a volume containing an edition of Linnaeusís Amoenitates Academicae [Jacquin refers to the Continuatio selectarum ex amoenitatibus academicisLinnaeus, Carl & Leopold
Gottlieb Biwald
selectarum ex amoenitatibus academicis
Caroli Linnaei dissertationum ad
universam naturalem historiam
(Graz 1766). Soulsby
no. 1326.
], the first part. There will be a continuation.



a. (LS, VII, 233-235). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]