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Link: • Jacques-Christophe Valmont de Bomare to Carl Linnaeus, 13 May 1765 n.s.
Dated le 13e mai 1765. Sent from Paris (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in French.


Jacques Christophe Valmont de BomareValmont de Bomare, Jacques-Christophe
(1731-1807). French.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received a letter from Linnaeus [Linnaeus to Valmont de Bomare, 16 April 1765Letter L3408]. It pleases him greatly to be able to correspond with a person as famous as Linnaeus.

Natural History and Botany are much fostered in Paris at the moment. The Jardin du Roi [Jardin des plantes, ParisJardin des plantes, Paris,
French. The Jardin des plantes was
founded in 1597 to produce flower models
for the manufacturing of tapestry in
Paris. In 1626 it became a garden for
medical and pharmaceutical plants. In
1739 it was again transformed to le
Jardin du roi, where also a natural
history museum was built. Later in the
eigteenth century a zoological garden
and a library were added.
] is always magnificent and the public cabinet of curios is becoming richer every day. Valmont de Bomare has met Claes AlstromerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
and Dr Engelstrom [presumably von EngeströmEngeström von, Swedish.
], the latter has also been present at his courses. For the moment he has General Jacosslef [JakovlevJakovlev, . ], formerly chamberlain with the Swedish king[Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], as a listener. He has also had listeners from Peru, Russia and Persia etc.

Valmont de Bomare asks Linnaeus to tell him when he could send his mineralogy [Valmont de Bomare refers to his Mineralogie, ou nouvelle exposition du regne minéralValmont de Bomare, Jacques-Christophe
Mineralogie, ou nouvelle
exposition du regne minéral.
Ouvrage dans lequel on a tâche de
ranger dans l'ordre le plus naturel les
individus de ce regne, & où
l'on expose leurs
propriétés & usages
méchaniques; avec un dictionnaire
nomenclateur. Et des tables
2 vols. (Paris,
]. His dictionary is totally sold out and a new edition is in preparation [Valmont de Bomare refers to his Dictionnaire raisonné universel d’histoire naturelleValmont de Bomare, Jacques-Christophe
Dictionnaire raisonné
universel d'histoire naturelle,
contenant l'histoire des animaux, des
végétaux et des
minéraux, et celle des corps
célestes, des
météores et autres
principaux phénomènes de
la nature, avec l'histoire et la
description des drogues simples
tirées des trois règnes et
le détail de leurs usages dans la
médecine, dans l'économie
domestique et champêtre et dans
les arts et métiers
, 5 vols.
(Paris, 1764).
]. It will be six volumes in octavo, each of them consisting of 700 pages [the new edition was published in 1768, Dictionnaire raisonné universel d'histoire naturelle, 2nd ed.Valmont de Bomare, Jacques-Christophe
Dictionnaire raisonné
universel d'histoire naturelle
, 2nd
ed. 6 vols. (Paris, 1768).
]. When it is printed, Valmont de Bomare wishes to send copies to the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
], and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
]. He would, however, like to add to his titles “Member of the Swedish Academy” and he would be grateful if Linnaeus could obtain a diploma for him at a suitable opportunity.

Geifroi’s [Etienne Louis GeoffroyGeoffroy, Etienne Louis
(1725-1810). French. Physician and
] Histoire abregée des insectesGeoffroy, Etienne François
Histoire abregée des
insectes qui se trouvent aux environs de
(Paris, 1762).
] has been more appreciated than Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon’sBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
“Regne animal”,[Valmont de Bomare refers to the volumes on the animal kingdom in the Histoire naturelleBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
Histoire naturelle
générale et
particulière avec la description
du cabinet du roi
, 44 vol. (Paris,
], Michel Adanson’sAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
Les familles des plantesAdanson, Michel Familles des
, 2 vol. (Paris, 1763).
is not selling well, being considered being a strange work. Next year a natural history of the three kingdoms from the neighbourhood of Paris will be published.

The winter has been very mild and they are enjoying the most beautiful season.

Valmont de Bomare asks Linnaeus to tell him what he thinks of writing to him in French. He supposes that Linnaeus can easily read his letters and he can perhaps get help from some of his friends who are familiar with French. If, however, Linnaeus takes offence he only needs to say. Valmont de Bomare knows Latin sufficiently though that language is seldom spoken in Paris.

Frédéric-Louis AllamandAllamand,

(1736-1803). Swiss. Botanist, doctor of
medicine. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
from Leyden has recently drawn and described the Indian Cacao [Valmont de Bomare refers to a description an drawing, in fact, known to Linnaeus in a letter from Allamand to Linnaeus. 7 September 1771Letter L4539].

Many students have attended Valmont de Bomare’s courses so far this winter and the total number of courses has increased: eight courses in chemistry, 22 in anatomy and surgery, six in medicine, five in botany. There are also for deaf and dumb. There are courses in animal diseases and farriery, even in fashion etc.

The pharmacists in Paris have recently built a medical cabinet in their botanical garden, adjacent to the chemical laboratory.

The use of hemlock is not a success in Paris.

Valmont de Bomare has found marks of Filix Americana arborescens in a Breton charcoal stack. In the same province he has also found a lead mine rich in silver.


a. original holograph (LS, II, 112-113). [1] [2] [3]