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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3619 • Johan Peter Falck to Carl Linnaeus, 12 July 1765 n.s.
Dated 12 Juli 1765. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to (). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Fourteen days ago Johan Peter FalckFalck, Johan Peter (1732-1774).
Swedish. Professor of botany and
curator of the botanical garden of St
Petersburg. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
received a letter in which seeds from Linnaeus were enclosed [this letter has not come down to us]. He is most grateful, but cannot understand the delay. Falck indicates that the letter might have been forgotten at Karl Friedrich Kruse’sKruse, Karl Friedrich (?-1799).
Russian. Personal physician to the
Russian czar. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
or at one of the secretaries in the Collegium. It is hard to be in control when one lives at such a distance from the town.

Johannes BeckmannBeckman, Johannes (1739-1811).
German. Professor of economy,
Göttingen. After a two-year stay in
St Petersburg, he travelled in Sweden
and Denmark in 1765-1766. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
will go to Uppsala for the sake of natural history. He has promised to take some items for Linnaeus with him. Falck has not been able to get material of Johann Amman’sAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
Armeniaca betulae folio in St Petersburg. However, Falck will send material of Amygdalus nana which he discovered a lot of in the Medical Garden. Falck only had two samples of Spirea sorbifolia, one in a pot and one planted in the garden. Only the one planted outdoor survived; it is flowering just now. He will send material later.

Falck unexpectedly found Acer tataricum in the garden though no one else had noticed it earlier. It might have been there for a very long time. Compared with the Swedish maple tree [Acer platanoides] Falck describes an avenue where all such trees died after an especially severe Russian winter while this A. tataricum survived. It is in fruit now and hopefully these will ripen in time.

A sample of Hyoscyamus physalodes will be enclosed with a rhizome with active eyes.

A dry specimen of rhubarb with leaf and flowers [for the herbarium] will be enclosed. It is an addition to the single leaf that Falck sent to Linnaeus last summer. Its leaves are similar to those of Rheum palmatum. The stem is very short, hardly longer than the leaves, smooth and not so furrowed as those of Rheum palmatum. The flowers are similar, but this one flowered about 14 days later. Stigma and anthers [with filaments] are purplish. The petals are whitish green whilst the other species has more reddish petals. Falck is, however, not quite sure since he couldn’t compare them side-by-side.

Falck, most humbly, thanks Linnaeus for his promises. The President of Collegium Medicum is most pleased with Linnaeus’s offer. The Collegium promptly ordered Falck to send whatever was available, now and in the future, of Russian plants. Falck assures that this will be of the greatest pleasure for him to fulfil.

Falck forwards his most humble greetings to Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet LinnaeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], the young daughters [Elisabeth Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
, Louisa LinnaeaLinnaea, Louisa (1749-1839).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea.
, Sara Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
, Sophia LinnaeaLinnaea, Sophia (1757-1830).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa and Sara Christina
Linnaea. Wife of Samuel Christoffer
Duse.
] and to Linnaeus.

P.S. 1 In the parcel there is enclosed a sample of Convolvulus persicus from Johann Jacob LercheLerche, Johann Jacob
(1703-1780). German. Naturalist.
Military physician in Russian service at
Astrakan. Travelled in Persia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and a small packet with seeds from Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. Falck cannot tell how old these are, but the seeds from him are fresh. Since the spring this year they have only had bad weather. Up to this date there have only been 8 days with real summer. Flack’s health problems still prevail with rheumatism and melancholia, etc. The old orangery, with a look of a “Finnish Ria”, will be repaired. The President has assured Falck that a new orangery will be built of stone and ready next year – but Falck cannot believe it until he sees it.

P.S. 2 Nicolas-Gabriel Le Clerc’sLe Clerc, Nicolas-Gabriel
(1726-1798). French. Historian and
military physician in France, later in
Russia, thereafter inspector of the
French hospitals.
] book [Medicus veri amatorLe Clerc, Nicolas-Gabriel
Medicus veri amator, ad Apollineae
artis alumnos
(Moskva, 1764).
] will be enclosed as an example of an absurd Frenchman. At another time Falck will enclose a similar one from Abram EnsEns, Abram (?-1770). Dutch.
Doctor of medicine at Leiden and
Utrecht, later in Russia.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, IV, 123-124). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1912), vol. I:6, p. 48-50   p.48  p.49  p.50.