Johan Andreas MurrayMurray, Johan Andreas
(1740-1791). Swedish. Professor of
medicine and botany, Göttingen. Son
of Andreas Murray and brother of Adolph
Murray and Gustaf Murray. Half-brother
of Johann Philipp Murray. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for the letter [Linnaeus to Murray, 31 May 1765Letter L3586] and gives him information about the Taenia hydatigena, so named by Peter Simon PallasPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. .
Murray tells Linnaeus that he lectured about this last winter and that after some time a person in the audience brought him such a Taenia that he said he had found in a rat. Murray found this exactly corresponding to Pallas’s drawing [see Murray to Linnaeus, 1 May 1765Letter L3597, fol. 9]. The owner of the Taenia is now travelling but Murray will send the Taenia to Linnaeus as soon as he has been in contact with the owner.
Murray writes about Pallas’s description of the Taenia and refers to figure 1 and 2 [in this letter fol. 13]. Murray continues to describe and discuss the worm and says that he does not know if Pallas’dissertation has been published in the English transactions [Murray refers to the transactions of the Royal Society, LondonRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662. ].
Murray kindly asks Linnaeus to incorporate his Cassida under Murray’s name.
Murray writes that he is very happy to learn that Linnaeus plans to publish a new Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc. (Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437. and also congratulates him on the new edition of Systema naturae [Murray refers to Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62. ].
Murray writes that he has been informed that Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von CrantzCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
(1722-1799). Austrian. Naturalist
and physician. Professor in obstetrics
in 1754, Vienna. in Vienna will introduce a systema plantarum that is based on a natural method [Murray refers to the thoughts, brought forward in von Crantz’s Institutiones rei herbariae iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex habituCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
Institutiones rei herbariae
iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex
habitu ([Vienna] 1766). ]. Murray says that he cannot understand this system nor can he understand Michel Adanson’sAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. system, and Murray plans to write a critical letter to him because of the inpolite utterances Adanson has made towards Linnaeus.
Murray writes that his summer many plants have been the Göttingen University Botanical Garden that have not been found there before, including: Vinca rosea, Ononis viscose, Solanum radicans, Phytolacca octandra and icosandra, Aster tenellus, Cofula turbinate, Buphotalnum marit. Hebenstreitia dent.
Murray writes that his herbarium has been considerably enlarged through his friends’ consignments and recently he received a large consignment from Switzerland.
Murray is very delighted for the greetings from Linnaeus’s son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
], forwarded by Linnaeus in his previous letter, and congratulates him to the doctoral degree.