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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3678 • Carl Linnaeus to Morten Thrane Brünnich, 2 November 1765 n.s.
Dated 1765 d. 2. Novembris. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Leiden (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Nobilissimo Juveni,
D[omino] D[octori] M[artino] T[hrane] BRUNNICHIO,
Amico suo perdilecto,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linné Equ[es].

Laetabar magnopere Tuas accipere literas, quum non noveram, ubi nunc temporis degeres, antequam Tuae die 18 datae reddebantur Leyda. Jam degis ubique plurima collectanea asservantur. Optarem Tecum esse eaque perlustrare. Ne obliviscaris Insecta, Papiliones &c., quorum stupenda exoticorum copia prostat Amsteledami et alibi.

Si adeas D[ominum] Burmannum, Professorem Amsteled[amensem], D[ominum] Royenum, Professorem Leydensem, D[ominum] Gronovium, Consulem Leydensem, devotissima mea ipsis dicas; sunt enim hi inter Belgas primarii Triumviri artis nostrae.

Si adeas Hagam, inquiras D[ominum] Pallas Berolinensem, juvenem acutissimum in Entomologicis, ornithologicis et tota natura versatissimum; eum meis salutes verbis et dicas, quod, ut ut ejus acceperam in appendice novas species Avium, ad eum Hagam dedi literas, sed quod responsorias non obtinuerim.

Quomodo procedit cum opere illo, quod delineat Coleoptra, cujus tantum accepi primam tabulam e Belgio.

Quod Motacilla alat Cuculum quotidie per aestates vidi, sed cur Alauda simul eum nutriret, ego non capio.

Multum Tibi obstrictus pro pulcherrimis Tuis observationibus de Avibus, quas adeo candide communicasti. Sudat jam Systema naturae, in quo videbis Tuum nomen ad omnia et singula quae me edocuisti.

Aves per Consulem Koustrup missas nondum accepi.

Bradypum, si adhuc vivat, videbis Amstelaedami apud Blau Jaen; dicas mihi, quaenam ibi hodie animalia occurrant.

Museum rerum naturalium, quod instruxit pie defunctus Princeps Aurisiacus, erit stupendum; nec potest aliter esse, cum India orientals facile tota, caput B[onae] Spei et Surinamum, quae proferunt maxime stupenda naturalia Belgis subjecta, unde possunt mandare omnia. Certe si velint curiosi Bollani neque museum Britannicum, neque aliud quodque cum ipsorum comparari queat.

Anne Leydae occurrat collectio Piscium? In nulla parte Historiae naturalis major defectus. Si evolvas Valentyni Indiam vetus Belgice, videbis quot ignotos pisces alat mare Indicum. Dolendum, quod nullus eos studiose colligat et describat.

Ne delasseris, oro, frequenter ad me scribere de iis quae vides; haec me reficiunt, excitant et refocillant sub ingravescentibus annis; si umquam queam reciprocis officiis inservire, non intermittam.

Dab[am] Upsaliae 1765 d[ie] 2 Novembris.

[address]
a Monsieur
Mons[ieur] M[artin] Th[rane] Brunniche
op te Langebroke in’t Mantelhuys
Leyden
frijbr.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus had been glad to receive Morten Thrane Brünnich’sBrünnich, Morten Thrane
(1737-1827). Danish. Professor of
natural history, Copenhagen. Later
employed by the Danish mining department
in Norway. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter of 18 October 1765Letter L3655. He had not known where Brünnich was, and now he reminds Brünnich that where he is there are very large collections, and that he should not forget the collections of insects and butterflies in Amsterdam.

If Brünnich goes to see Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, he should give them Linnaeus’s regards.

In The Hague, Brünnich should see Peter Simon PallasPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
from Berlin, a bright young man, very able in entomology, ornithology and all natural history. Brünnich should tell him that Linnaeus had sent letters to him in The Hague but that he had not received an answer [these letters have not come down to us].

Linnaeus asks about a work on Coleoptera that has been started in Belgium [Linnaeus refers to Johannes Eusebius Voet’sVoet, Johannes Eusebius
(?-1778). Dutch. Zoologist.
, Catalogus systematicus ColeopterorumVoet, Johannes Eusebius
Catalogus systematicus
Coleopterorum
(Den Haag, 1766).
]. Linnaeus has received only one plate.

Linnaeus is very grateful for the observations on birds. He has introduced those in the new edition of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
which is being printed, with due reference to Brünnich.

Linnaeus has not yet received the birds that Brünnich had promised to send through Consul KoustrupKoustrup, Danish. Consul. .

Linnaeus asks Brünnich what animals are to be seen in the zoological garden in Amsterdam.

The collections from the Cape of Good Hope and from Surinam, now kept in the Netherlands, are the best in the world.

Is there a museum of fishes in Leiden? Linnaeus cites a work by François ValentijnValentijn, François
(1656-1727). Dutch. Clergyman and
traveller.
, depicting fishes from the Indian Ocean [Oud en nieuw Oost-IndiênValentijn, François
Oud en nieuw Oost-Indiên
(Dordrecht & Amsterdam, 1724-1726).
], and regrets that nobody is interested in collecting and studying them.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Københavns Universitetsbibliotek).

upEDITIONS

1. “Af Linnés brevvexling” (1871), p. 513-514   p.513  p.514.
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 392-393   p.392  p.393.