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Link: • Johan Andreas Murray to Carl Linnaeus, 7 December 1765 n.s.
Dated d. 7 Decemb. 1765.. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Johan Andreas MurrayMurray, Johan Andreas
(1740-1791). Swedish. Professor of
medicine and botany, Göttingen. Son
of Andreas Murray and brother of Adolph
Murray and Gustaf Murray. Half-brother
of Johann Philipp Murray. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
writes to Linnaeus to thank him for the letter of 25 October [1765]Letter L3651] and apologizes for his late reply due to a heavy workload. However, he is now sending the requested information about Taenia hydatigena, as found in Peter Simon Pallas’sPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.

Murray writes that he sometimes longs to read in Linnaeus’s new system [Murray refers to Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
] about Linnaeus’s thoughts on the late Röderer’s [Johann Georg RoedererRoederer, Johann Georg
(1726-1763). French. Obstetrician,
professor of medicine at Göttingen.
] [work on] “Trichurides” (Murray has a reference to Göttingische Anzeigen von Gelehrten Sachen 1761) [the work referred to was also published as De morbo mucosoRoederer, Johann Georg & Carl
Gottlieb Wagler
De morbo mucoso
liber singularis quem nuper speciminis
inauguralis loco ediderunt

(Göttingen, 1762).
together with Carl Gottlieb WaglerWagler, Carl Gottlieb
(1731-1778). German. Prosektor in
Göttingen, thereafter in
] and animalcula infusoria that have recently been described and depicted by Heinrich August WrisbergWrisberg, Heinrich August
(1739-1808). German.
[Murray refers to Observationum de animalculis infusoriis saturaWrisberg, Heinrich August
Observationum de animalculis
infusoriis satura, etc.

(Göttingen, 1765).
; in 1783 there was a new edition of Roederer’s and Wagler’s work, Tractatus de morbo mucosoRoederer, Johann Georg & Carl
Gottlieb Wagler
Tractatus de
morbo mucoso. Denuo recusus annexaque
praefatione de trichuridibus novo
vermium genere
, ed. H. A. Wrisberg
(Göttingen, 1783)
, published by Wrisberg].

Murray writes that Linnaeus’s greetings made Johann David MichaelisMichaëlis, Johann David
(1717-1791). German. Professor of
Oriental languages, Göttingen.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
very happy, and that Michaelis promises to do his best to find the specimens the deceased Forskåhl [Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] sent to Copenhagen. Fortunately Carsten NiebuhrNiebuhr, Carsten (1733-1815).
Danish. Explorer of Arabia. In 1761 he
visited Egypt and the Arabian peninsula.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is still alive and he is keeping Forsskål’s papers and will be able to settle matters. Opobalsamum declaratum in dissertatione medicaLinnaeus, Carl Opobalsamum
declaratum in dissertatione medica

diss., resp. W. Le Moine (Uppsala
[1764]). Soulsby no. 2277.
alone is worth the effort of travelling to Arabia.

Murray writes that his review of Michel Adanson’sAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
Familles des plantesAdanson, Michel Familles des
, 2 vol. (Paris, 1763).
will soon be published in Rudolph Augustin Vogel’sVogel, Rudolph Augustin
(1724-1775). German. Physician, and
botanist. Professor of medicine at
Bibliothek [Murray refers to Rudolph Augustin Vogels Neue medicinische BibliothekVogel, Rudolph Augustin
Rudolph Augustin Vogels Neue
medicinische Bibliothek

(Göttingen, 1754-1772).
]. It is arranged to honour Linnaeus. Murray also writes that Cranze’s [Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von CrantzCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
(1722-1799). Austrian. Naturalist
and physician. Professor in obstetrics
in 1754, Vienna.
] “Botan. System” is not yet published [Murray refers to Institutiones rei herbariae iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex habituCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
Institutiones rei herbariae
iuxta nutum naturae digestae ex
([Vienna] 1766).
], but is supposed to resemble his Stirpium AustriacarumCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
Stirpium Austriacarum pars I
[II]. Continens fasciculos tres cum
figuris aeneis. Editio altera aucta

([Vienna] 1769).
and “Materia med.” [Murray refers to Materia medica et chirurgica, juxta systema [...] digestaCrantz, Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von
Materia medica et chirurgica,
juxta systema [...] digesta
]. The most comical medicals, like Guapacum Casearilla, Santomicum, Hedera Vestris Chamaedrys, Tussilago p, are missing from the latter. More seriousness will be needed for such important work. Murray writes that Linnaeus might smile at such an enemy, but Murray finds it hard that Haller is on the enemy’s side. Murray writes that it is uncertain if Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will return to Göttingen as an appointment will be announced in Switzerland next spring.

Murray writes that Cacalia Kleinia and Semperunicum arboretum are now flowering and that he has seen Ayenia pusilla and Glinus lotoides. He also tells Linnaeus that his relationship with David Sigismund August BüttnerBüttner, David Sigismund August
(1724-1768). Hungarian. Professor
of medicine and botany in 1756, Berlin,
in 1760 professor of botany and zoology,
is not the best.

Murray states that now is the time of natural history. New works are published almost every day and thanks to his Chancellor, Otto von MünchhausenMünchhausen, Otto von
(1716-1774). German. Chancellor of
Göttingen University. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, these works are bought for the Göttingen University Library. The 6th volume of the great John Hill’s work [Murray refers to The Vegetable systemHill, John The Vegetable
system; or, a series of [... ]
observations tending to explain the
internal structure and the life of
plants, etc.
, 26 vol. (London,
] can already be found in the library. Murray writes that Luigi TessariTessari, Luigi Italian. from Venice has published Linnaeus’s Materia medicaLinnaeus, Carl Materia
Medica. Liber I. De plantis secundum:
genera, loca, nomina, qualitates, vires,
differentias, durationes, simplicia,
modos, usus, synonyma, culturas,
praeparata, potentias, composita,
digestus, &c.
I-II (Stockholm
1749). Soulsby no. 968.
and has added his own method for stones and plants [Murray refers to Materia medica contractaTessari, Luigi Materia medica
(Venice, 1762).

Murray hopes that Linnaeus will publish a new edition of the whole of Materia medica [a new edition was published in 1772, Materia medica 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Materia medica
per regna tria naturae secundum genera
differentias synonyma loca durationes
culturas nomina simplicia praeparata
. 2nd ed (Leipzig &
Erlangen, 1772). Soulsby no. 971.
] and he will be the first to use this edition in his lectures and make it publicly known. Murray is very unhappy with the current works he has to use.

Enclosed to the letter is a summary of Pallas’s work about Taenia hydratigena in Latin.


a. (LS, XI, 14-17). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]