-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Johan Peter Falck to Carl Linnaeus, 27 January 1766 n.s.
Dated 27 Jan. 1766. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to (). Written in Swedish.


Johan Peter FalckFalck, Johan Peter (1732-1774).
Swedish. Professor of botany and
curator of the botanical garden of St
Petersburg. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has sent seeds to Linnaeus through Johannes BeckmannBeckman, Johannes (1739-1811).
German. Professor of economy,
Göttingen. After a two-year stay in
St Petersburg, he travelled in Sweden
and Denmark in 1765-1766. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
and later by Christian Emanuel HoppiusHoppius, Christian Emanuel
(1736-?). Russian. Disciple of
. They were partly from Russian plants and partly from other available plants. Falck is convinced that the first delivery reached Linnaeus, but more doubtful about the last since he has heard nothing from Hoppius. Falck has already written about the pots with Acer tataricum and Amygdalus nana delivered by Beckmann. The gardener informed Falck about a strange Asian habit that, when trees or bulbs are requested from abroad, the customs often let the material stay in the custom-house until it is ruined.

All this time Falck has been expecting seeds from Siberia and other places, but so far in vain. In spite of all efforts Falck is tempted to believe that he is surrounded with the wrong people. In the countryside there is no special person to contact. The pharmacists and surgeons whom Falck trusted have deceived him. He is well aware that they do not have the slightest insight in these matters and forgives them with all his heart. But Falck cannot forgive them their lack of the slightest natural curiosity. He had not expected other plants than those he knew by habitat. He had given the Russian names and short common descriptions they could understand and comparisons to other common plants they should know.

Only one of the surgeons has sent a parcel with woolly seeds [with long hairs], which he suggested could be used as cotton. But nothing else had been sent from the plant itself. However, with the enclosed seeds Linnaeus will be able to tell what it is, and Falck, most humbly, will await the answer. Falck wonders whether it could be Johann AmmanísAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloaneís
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
Clematitis erecta, with narrow leaves etc. p. 82 no. 108, or perhaps a Pulsatilla.

Falck mentions a reformist priest who went to Tanatoff. He was asked to collect seeds from the plants of the region. He promised much but brought back almost nothing, only some seeds of Glycyrrhiza echinata. He said he had packages of dry plants and seeds but that everything was lost during the voyage, just as what happened to David PontinPontin, David (1733-1809).
Swedish. Clergyman and naturalist.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Chaplain to the Swedish East
India Company. Dean of Häggestad
and Oppeby. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, including a newly discovered species of Salicornia, branched and with tetragonal stalk. He had made a drawing of a Marsilea natans in his diary and according to the details of fructification it seems correct. The other species is possibly from Astrakhan. He is interested, willing to learn and could be useful in the future.

At this priestís, Falck had the opportunity to see two new floras, Flora Gedensis [Tentamen Florae GedanensisReyger, Gottfried August
Tentamen Florae Gedanensis, methodo
sexuali accomodatae
(Danzig, 1764
& 1766).
] and Flora BorussicaWulff, Johan Christopher
Flora Borussica denuo
(Regensburg, 1765).
. Patricius Reger [Gottfried ReygerReyger, Gottfried August
(1704-1788). German.
] in Danzig published the first according to Linnaeusís method. Johan Christopher Wulff in Königsberg published the other flora after Louis GérardsísGérard, Louis
(1733-1819). French. Botanist,
Cotignac, Provence. Correspondent of
natural method. After a hasty glance it seemed to Falck that Wulff had enlarged his work by including variations from Caspar BauhinísBauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhinís Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
, Pinax theatri botaniciBauhin, Caspar Pinax theatri
botanici sive index in Theophrasti
Dioscoridis, Plinii et botanicorum qui a
seculo scripserunt opera plantarum
circiter sex milium ab ipsis exhibitarum
nomina cum earundem synonymiis &
differentiis methodice secundum genera
& species proponens
(1623) 2 ed.
(Basle 1671).
. This author has also published Ictyologia and Amphibiologia Borussica. These books are the most recent ones Falck has seen for a long time.

The orangery, the small greenhouse and the cold frames, etc have been completed just before the holiday that autumn.

The constructions are all made of wood in such a way that Falck can take care of his valuable plant material. Falck still remembers Linnaeusís promise of a small donation from the University Botanical Garden in Uppsala. At the same time Falck admits that he does not deserve much since he has not been able to deliver much, with the excuse that he has problems with his Commissioners.

Falck sends his most humble regards to Linnaeusís wife [Sara Elisabet LinnaeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeusís wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], his daughters [Elisabeth Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
, Louisa LinnaeaLinnaea, Louisa (1749-1839).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Sara Christina and Sophia
, Sara Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
, Sophia LinnaeaLinnaea, Sophia (1757-1830).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa and Sara Christina
Linnaea. Wife of Samuel Christoffer
] and Linnaeus.

P.S. Falck asks Linnaeus if he could be as kind as to send the mail via the Advisor of the Court, Johann Georg ModelModel, Johann Georg
(1711-1775). German. Member of the
Collegium medicum at St. Petersburg.
, at the Imperial Pharmacy on Billion Street. Falck believes that the leaves enclosed from Assow of Morus tatarica are correctly named. The tree is named ďTutĒ in Russian. He had also hoped for the fruits but they were destroyed by bad preparation. He has asked for new ones next summer.


a. (LS, IV, 125-127). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1912), vol. I:6, p. 53-55   p.53  p.54  p.55.