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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3698 • John Hope to Carl Linnaeus, 22 January 1766 n.s.
Dated 22 do Jan. 1766.. Sent from Edinburgh (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Patriae decori
Carolo v[on] Linne
s[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
Jo[annes] Hope.

Jam ad nos ex Canadia pervenerunt 200 fere varia semina, quorum omnium specimina ad Te, Vir Optime, mitto, plura adhuc hac hyeme expecto. Horum partem quoque mittam. Omnia haec semina collecta fuerunt in vicinitate oppidi Quebec dicti in mense Augusto iam elapso.

Ad D[ominu]m Span Bot[anices] Prof[essorem] in Academia Dublin in Hybernia scripsi ut tibi pararet specimen Ericae Daboecii. Mihi rescripsit se nunc non habere specimen huius plantae sed promisit se missurum specimen ad me simul ac planta suas pervenisset ad manus

Nuper ad Te misi delineationem impressam Rhei palmati, quae planta aestate elapsa apud nos laete floruit invitus quamvis unam radicem defossi et summa cum voluptate easdem qualitates coloris saporis et odoris ac in radice exotica deprehendi. Easdem vires purgantes quoque ex pluribus experimentis comperimus ita ut opinor ex propriis experimentis R[heum] palmatum esse Rhabarum verum officin[alem]. Dum haec aguntur e Londino audivi te iam idem demonstrasse. Quanto lucro erit orbi ocidentali haec planta?

Collegium Regium Medicorum Edinensium iam occupatur in edendo novam Pharmacopaeae Edinensis editionem. Hactenus in catalogis simplicium nomina officinalia solummodo adhibuere mihi pergratum est te certiorem facere catalogum simplicium retentorum mox proditurum tuis nominibus genericis trivialibus et differentiis specificis adjectis. Nihil certe apud nos tam feliciter, tam certe Scientiam Botanicam systematicam promovebit ac haec officinalium denominatio.

Tibi et tuis vir optime omnia bona precor.

Dabam Edinburgi 22 Jan[uarii] 1766.

Duas radices mitto unam quam e Norvegia habemus sub nomine Carsuta: nonne Gentiana, sed cujus speciei?alteram ex India orientali sub nomine Colombo root ex radix in diarrhaeis et in ventriculi aegritudinibus remedium optimum de cujus genere et specie londinenses nihil noscunt.

Cum his mitto insectum vel potius insecti larvam in phiala inclusam. Precor ut mihi dicas nomen generis et speciei et optimam methodum id necandi vel fugandi, nam in horto multum damni radicibus plantarum et etiam seminibus affert.

Mons[ieu]r
Mons[ieu]r le Chevalier von Linné
a Upsal

upSUMMARY

John HopeHope, John (1725-1786).
British. Doctor of medicine, professor
of botany, Edinburgh. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has received seeds of almost 200 species from Canada, and he sends Linnaeus specimens of them all. He expects more during the winter, and he will send some of those too. They were all collected near Quebec during August of the preceding year.

Hope has written to James SpanSpan, James (d. 1773). Irish.
Professor of botany and chemistry at
Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
in Dublin and asked him to send Linnaeus a specimen of Erica Daboecii. Span answered that he did not have a specimen available for the moment but that he would send Linnaeus one as soon as he received one [there are no preserved letters from Span to Linnaeus].

Hope has just sent Linnaeus a drawing of Rheus palmatus that had flowered well last summer, although Hope had planted only one root. Hope had noticed the same qualities of colour, taste and smell in this plant as in the exotic variant. He has also seen the same purging qualities in it, so he supposes that it is identical to the true officinal Rheus. He verified this by several experiments, but while he was doing that he heard from London that Linnaeus had come to the same conclusion. This plant will really be of great use to mankind.

The Royal College of Physicians of EdinburghRoyal College of Physicians of
Edinburgh ,
Scottish. Founded in
1681.
is preparing a new edition of Pharmacopoea Edinensis [Hope refers to the sixth edition of Pharmacopoeia Collegii Regii Medicorum Edinburgensis, 6th ed. , which was published in 1774]. Earlier, only the medical names have been given in such lists, but Hope is glad to tell Linnaeus that such a catalogue will soon appear with Linnaeusís trivial names and the specific variations. This nomenclature for the officinal herbs will mean much for systematic botany in Scotland.

Hope wishes Linnaeus and his family all well.

P.S. 1. Hope remarks that he encloses two roots. One of them has come from Norway and is called Carsuta, and Hope wonders if it is not a Gentiana. He is not sure about the species.

P.S. 2. The other comes from the East Indies and is called Colombo root. It is a good remedy for diseases in the stomach, but nobody in London knows anything about its genus or species. Hope also sends an insect or the larva of an insect enclosed in a small glass vessel. Hope asks Linnaeus to tell him its name and give him some advice on how to kill or drive it away, for it causes great harm to roots and seeds in the garden.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VII, 132-133). [1] [2] [3]