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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3717 • Carl Linnaeus to Carlo Allioni, 14 February 1766 n.s.
Dated 1766 .d. 14 febr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Torino (Italia). Written in Latin.

Viro Amplissimo Clarissimoque,
D[omino] D[octori] Carolo ALLIONIO,
Botanico Eximio,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] a Linné,
Equ[es] aur[atus].

Paucis abhinc diebus Tuas, Vir Clarissime, ante duos annos datas literas accepi e Londino, nescio a quo missas; nec memini habuisse seriores ex extrema India. Pro his tamen grates quam prorsum maximas rependo.

Nuper vel circa finem anni praesentis me adiit ex itinere redux D[ominus] Alstroemer, qui Te vidit, Te laudat et colit. Dum vero ille me participem faceret suorum rariorum, quae legerat vel obtinuerat in itinere, inter alia offendebam plantam, quam a Te dono acceperit sub nomine Pyxidariae, quae forte Pyxidaria Lindern[ia] Tournef[ortii] Alsat[iae] c[um] figura, quam diu frustra quaesivi, nec per amicos obtinere potui. Male Mappi hanc cum Montia eandem fecit. Non possum divinare, cur ista reperiatur tantum in uno loco Alsatiae; si esset nota Italis australibus, divinarem eam allatam cum Oryza, ut plures plantae hodie Italicae, ante minime Europaeae, praesertim cum haec nascatur in paludosis. Caeterum nequeo satis mirari, quomodo planta Virginica potuerit migrare in Germaniam, imprimis ad mediterraneum locum; si vero occurrisset ad littora Lusitaniae Scotiaeve occidentalia, judicassem eam cum Gnaphalio margaritaceo et Dactyli cynosuroide migrasse. Anne posses hujus figuram vivam dare, cum nullibi prostat? Maceravi flores et vidi eos accuratissime, ut nullum dubium sit, quin sit eadem cum americana.

Accepimus hic novam Tropaeoli speciem, in actis Holmiensibus descriptam, quae se seminibus propagat. Fragariam accepimus ex Gallia, foliis simplicibus nec ternatis.

Multa nova Genera ex India orientali habui, quae edam in Appendice quodam ad Species, una cum speciebus plurimis novis.

Nuper edidi Clavem Medicinae in summo compendio, qui duabus tantum philyris continetur.

Clavis exterior sistit rerum naturalium species oppositas, harum singularium effectus in solida et fluida.

Dein qualitates saporum contrarias, harum singularium effectus in fluida et solida.

Dum vero oppono determinatam speciem odoriferi excessui proprio Diaetae resultat effectus seu actio Medicamenti.

Clavis interior similiter procedit in systemate nervoso cum olidis.

Mitto aliquot specimina plantarum alpinarum Lapponicarum; si plures velis cum tabellario mitti, lubenter mittam, nisi impensae tabellarii Tibi magnae evadunt.

Si ad me scribas, inscribatur epistola absque involucro Societati Regiae Scientiarum Upsaliae (p[er] Hamburgum) et eas certo accipiam, absque impensis, cum ego omnes societatis literas ipse aperiam.

Doleo magnopere, quod semina a Te missa nimis diu in itinere haesere, ut de iis nulla spes sit; imprimis doleo, quod Cortusae semina non accepi recentia, quam plantam prae aliis exoptarem.

Dab[am] Upsaliae 1766 d[ie] 14 febr[uarii].

Inclusa mitto Splachnum luteum, Andromeda hypnoides, 4-quetra, coerulea, Rubum arcticum, Diapensiam alpinam, Pedicul[arem] flammeam.[a][a] : MS1 [fol. 1r added in the
margin
]

Viro amplissimo
D[omino] D[octori] Carol[o] Allioni
Professori Botanico
Piemont.

upSUMMARY

A few days earlier, Linnaeus received from London letters sent by Carlo AllioniAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
two years earlier [Allioni to Linnaeus, 27 January 1764Letter L3356]. Linnaeus had never heard of a similar delay, not even from India, but he thanks Allioni for the letters.

Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
Linnaeus
had returned around the turn of the year and had shown Linnaeus his collections. Linnaeus had been especially pleased to find one coming from Allioni under the name Pyxidaria, since he had tried to obtain it for a long time. Marcus MappusMappus, Marcus (1632-1701).
German. Professor of botany and
pathology, Padua, father of Marcus
Mappus the Younger.
is wrong in regarding it as identical with Montia. Linnaeus is surprised that it is so rare and just found in one place in Elsass. If it had been found in Southern Italy, it could have come there just like the Oryza and several other species originally not occurring in Europe. It is identical with a plant growing in Virginia, and Linnaeus can not help wondering that a plant could have migrated from there into Germany. If it had been found in Western France or Scotland, it would have been easier to understand. Allioni should publish a good picture of a live specimen; Linnaeus had destroyed the flower of his dried specimen when he examined it since he had had to be very thorough in order to establish beyond doubt the identity with the plant in Virginia.

Linnaeus has received many new species. One, Tropaeolum quinquelobum, has already been described [by Peter Jonas BergiusBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, “Tropaeolum quinquelobum, en främmande växt”Bergius, Petter Jonas
“Tropaeolum quinquelobum, en
främmande växt”, KVAH
26 (1765), 32-36.
] in the Acta Holmiensia [the Acta of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
]. A Fragaria has come from France, several others from East India, and he will publish in the appendix to the new Species plantarum [Linnaeus refers to Species plantarum [...] editio tertiaLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum [...] editio tertia
, I-II
(Vienna 1764). Soulsby no. 510.
]. He has also published Clavis medicinaeLinnaeus, Carl Clavis
medicinae duplex, exterior &
interior
(Stockholm, 1766). Soulsby
no. 980.
in two sheets, a very short compendium.

Linnaeus sends some specimens of plants from Lapland, and Allioni will get more if he can afford to pay for the mail. Letters to Linnaeus should be addressed only to the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] for then Linnaeus will not have any cost for the transport. Linnaeus opens all mail sent to the society.

Linnaeus is sorry that the seeds sent by Allioni were so long on their way that there is no hope that they will germinate.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Accademia delle scienze, Torino, Carteggi Collection, Allioni´s letters, cart. 2706). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 38-40   p.38  p.39  p.40.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [fol. 1r added in the margin]