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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Ernst Gunnerus, 22 December 1766 n.s.
Dated 1766 d. 22 Decemb.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Trondheim (Norway). Written in Swedish.


Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeusís private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is now on his way back to Norway. He leaves too early, though. He should have stayed at least one year. However, Linnaeus cannot send the first volume of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
] since the publisher [Lars SalviusSalvius, Lars (1706-1773).
Swedish. Printer, bookseller, publisher.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] has not come further than to the vermes. He can therefore only send half of it.

A Norwegian bishop, [Nicolaus Christian FriisFriis, Nicolaus Christian
(1714-1777). Norwegian. Vicar of
Bodø, Norway, from 1744. Titular
bishop from 1754.
], had shown his weaknesses both before Linnaeus and Johan IhreIhre, Johan (1707-1780).
Swedish. Philologist. Professor of Latin
and later of eloquence and political
science at Uppsala.
. When you take away the bishopís stories, he means nothing.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
] is of the opinion that they themselves can translate Johan Ernst GunnerusísGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
contribution [Linnaeus refers to ĒBeskrifning på trenne Norska sjö-kräk"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Beskrifning på trenne Norska
sjö-kräk, sjö-pungar
kallade (Holothuria frondosa, H.
)", KVAH, 28
(1767), 114-124.
], since the languages differ but little. Gunnerusís work was much praised.

Henrik TonningTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeusís student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is about to study medicine. Linnaeus will help him as much as possible. Linnaeus has already talked to his colleague Samuel AurivilliusAurivillius, Samuel
(1721-1767). Swedish. Professor of
medicine, Uppsala. Correspondent of
about it.

Linnaeus sends Gunnerus a whole Serpula penis veneris.


a. original holograph (Norges teknisk-naturvetenskapliga universitetsbiblioteket, Trondheim, Priv. arch. 277. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Arkiv ).


1. Biskop Gunnerus' virksomhed fornemmelig som botaniker (1903), vol. IV, p. 46-47 .
2. Brevveksling (1976), p. 67 .