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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L3862 • Carl Linnaeus to José Celestino Mútis, 16 January 1767 n.s.
Dated 1767. d. 16 janaurii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Santa Fe de Bogotá (Columbia). Written in Latin.

Viro Clarissimo Amplissimoque,
D[omino] D[omino] MUTIS,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linné.

Promiseras gratiose mihi insecta. Promisere et varii Itali & Graeci. Accessit mense Augusti cista cum integro Thesauro insectorum rarissimorum, sed unde nesciebam. Scripsi ad meos Italos et Gallos, sed rescribebant se nondum misisse; adeoque haec collectio omnino non potuit non esse Tua. Proinde par est, ut Tibi grates reddam, quas umquam potero maximas. Devotissimas pro tam stupenda rarissimorom Insectorum collectione qualem ab exteris terris numquam ab ullo acceperim. Utinam scirem, qui possem gratam mentem rependere, ne ingratus moriar!

Erat haec collectio optime asservata a Taeneis et aliis insectis, nec ulla exesa, sed longum tempus in nave humidiuscula non potuit arcere mucorem, quo pleraque obducta erant, sed potuit detrahi in durioribus, in minutis Phalaenis vero nequaquam. Quotquot potui distincte videre extricavi. Reliqua non potui. Dolui, quod haec accessere post impressionem insectorum novae editionis systematis Naturae, cujus primus tomus nuper e prelo exiit editionis 12mae; fuisset alias in Tuis varia, quae auxissent insectorum numerum, quamvis insecta circiter 3 000 enumeravi.

Si umquam in posterum Tibi occurrunt 113 Fulgora europaea viva, quaeso, istam conserves vivam in vesperam intra vitrum et videas, numne fronte sua in noctu luceat, et me de eo certiorem facias oro.

Dubium itidem mihi maxime movet 21. Buprestis octoguttata, utrum haec sit genuina species Buprestidis aut Elateris; si in dorso posita resiliat, erit Elater; sin minus Buprestis. Facies enim est Buprestidis, sed, ni fallor, video sub pectore mucronem elasticum Elateris. Habeo insectum simillimum suecicum, veram speciem Buprestidis, sed ejus maculae luteae, Tui insecti albae prorsus et niveae.

203. Sub hoc numero erant tria specimina; unum horum erat certo Musca Frit.

Quisnam successit ad Professionem Botanicam Madritii in locum D[omi]ni Quer me doceas oro, cum hodie nullum habeam in Hispania, qui meum quodquam communicet.

Conservet D[eus] T[er] O[ptimus] Te diutissime felicissimum; ego, dum vixero, pro splendido dono Te indesinenter colam.

Dabam Upsaliae 1767 d[ie] 16 januarii.

upSUMMARY

José Celestino MútisMútis, José Celestino
(1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist.
Went to South America in 1760 and lived
in Bogotá, which due to him
became an important centre of learning.
His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts
and numerous watercolour botanical
illustrations were sent to Spain after
his death. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had kindly promised to send Linnaeus insects; so had some Italians and Frenchmen. In August Linnaeus received a box containing rare insects. However, he does not know where it comes from. Linnaeus has written to his Italian and French contacts but they have denied sending anything. Thus the collection must come from Mútis. Mútis therefore deserves many thanks for a marvellous and rare collection of insects which Linnaeus has never before received from anybody. The collection was marvellously well preserved from specimens of Taenia and insects. Linnaeus is sorry that the collection arrived after the printing of the insects in Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
. The first volume of the 12th edition of this work was recently published. It contains some 3,000 insects.

If Mútis should ever see Fulgora europae, no. 113, alive, Linnaeus would like to know whether its forehead shines in the night.

Linnaeus has doubts whether Buprestis octoguttata, no. 21, is a genuine species of Buprestis or Elater.

There are three species under no. 203 among which is Musca frit.

Linnaeus wonders who has succeeded Quer [José Quer y MartinezQuer y Martinez, José
(1695-1764). Spanish. Professor of
Botany, Madrid.
] as Professor of Botany in Madrid. Linnaeus has nobody in Spain to write to.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Bibliothèque, Institut de France, Ms 2451, 300-301). [1] [2] [3] [4]