Epistolam hanc vir optime fasciculus seminum nuper ex America et
praegresso autumno collectorum nec non quorundam e Sina comitantur. Spero eadem
tibi hac aestate voluptati fore.
Dux navalis D[ominus] Biron ae[s]tate praegressa redux secum ex America australi
reportavit specimina Corticis Wintesani quam prope fretum Magellanium invenit. Mihi
relatum fuit hasce arbores crescere ad ripas magni cuiusdam fluminis ad 40 pedum
altitudinem et semper virescere. Accepi quoque specimina foliorum et fructus.
Folia similia sunt figurae eorumdem a Do[mino] Sloane in Philos[ophical]
Transact[ions] No 474 datae, sed fructus multum differt. In figura Sloanei representatur
quasi bacca, sed re vera est capsula multa parva semina continens. Brevi spero me ad
Te, Vir Optime, missurum fidelem harum partium et descriptionem et figuram.
Semina pauca terrae commisi, quam ardentissime cupio ut vivant crescent et
fructum ferant. Nullum specimen floris vidi quod nos in dubio de charactere generico
Specimen sed valde imperfectum plantae tua benevolentia Hopaea dictae
ab amico Gardenio nuper accepi et ad te mitto. Melius postea expecto. Cum his
quoque mitto delineationem impressam Rhei palmate quam ae[s]tate
praegressa missam nequaquam accepisti.
Denique characters Lonicerae marilandicae mitto de quibus te nullatenus dubitare
precor quoniam omnia fideliter et summa cura examinavit descripsit et delineare
curavit Gardenius tuus. Ego quoque omnia ut ipse descripsit in planta sicca inveni sed
ad specimen ipsius plantae te refero.
Certe sub nullo (saltem a me cognto) genere militare potest nisi sub spigelio et forte
singularis structura novum constitit genus. Sed hoc ut decet tuae primariae sapientiae
Amicus noster Gardenius anxie petit si novum esse genus statuas ut Whytea
nominetur in memoriam amici nuper defuncti, qui Medicus Regius fuit. Praeses
Medicorum Edinburgensium practicus summus, autor praeclarissimus professor
denique felicissimus. Omnia eius opera sub auspicio equitis Jo[annis] Pringle sub
proelo sudant. Plantae delineatio et descriptio a D[omino] D[octore] Gardenio
continebuntur in tomo IIItio. Essays Literary and Physical of Edinburgh qui hoc anno
edendus et ad quem referas precor et cuius unum exemplar ad te pertinet. Mihi erit
cura hoc ad te mittendi. Si tibi hoc autumno ad manus fuerint semina Plantarum
Sibiricarum quarum magnus apud te est proventus fasciculus parvus horum mihi
Ut vivas diu et summa semper felicitate et optima simul fruens valetudine enixe
precatur tui cultor devotissimus
Lonicera marylandica L. S. p. Gentiana forte? Quae peryclymeni
Virginiani flore coccineo planta marilandica spicata erecta foliis coryngatis D[omini]
Sherard Raii Histor. III dendr. 32 no 23 Errheti tabul.
Rad[ix] perennis horizontalis
simplex inaequalis fibrillis plurimis.
Caulis simplex erectus teres sed membranis
quatuor e basi foliorum auctus ut quadrangularis videatur, scaber, fistulosus, annuus.
Folia ovato-lanceolata acuminata integerrima pilosa et scabra nervosa sessilia
opposita patentia. In florescentia spicae secundae terminales squamulis parvis ex
Calix perianth. breve quinquepartitum laciniis linearibus erectis
Colol[la] monopetala tubulosa ventricosa oblonga tubus
quinquangulatus. Limbus quinquepartitus laciniis lanceolatis acutis revolutis.
(Nectarium squamula ovata utrinque ad basim germinis?)
Stam. Filamenta quinque
e fauce tubi, corolla breviora, antherae oblongae erectae.
subrotundum superum. Stylus corolla longior, erectus, teres, villosus infra medium
articulatus! Parte superiore decidua, inferiore persistente. Stygma pentagonum
Pericarp. Capsula dydima, singula, scotiformi, bivalvi
Semina plurima scabra angulata externe convexa
receptaculo capitato undique insidentia.
Mons[ieu]r Le Chevalier von Linné
avec une boite
to the care of M[iste]r Augustus
John HopeHope, John (1725-1786).
British. Doctor of medicine, professor
of botany, Edinburgh. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. sends in this letter a set of seeds that has just arrived from America. They were collected the summer before. A few from Sina [China?] accompanies them. Hope hopes Linnaeus will be pleased by them during the summer.
Biron [John ByronByron, John (1723-1786).
British. Royal navy officer. Made a
circumnavigation of the globe between
1764-1766 with the ship
<i<Dolphin. Grandfather of the
poet George Gordon Byron.
], who had just come back from South America, had with him specimens of Cortex Winteranus, which he had found near the Magellan straits. Hope had heard that the trees grew beside a large river, were 40 feet high and always green. Hope has also got specimens of fruits and leaves. The leaves are like those described by Hans SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus. in Philosophical transactions Philosophical Transactions
of the Royal Society of London
(1665-). no. 474 [Hope refers to "A Description of the Pimienta or Jamaica Pepper-Tree, and of the Tree that bears the Cortex Winteranus"Sloane, Hans "A Description
of the Pimienta or Jamaica Pepper-Tree,
and of the Tree that bears the Cortex
Winteranus: Communicated by Hans Sloane,
M. D. and Reg. Soci. S.",
Philosophical Transactions, 17,
no. 192 (1693), 462-468. , and on the same subject in "An Account of the true Cortex Winteranus, and the Tree that bears it"Sloane, Hans "An Account of
the true Cortex Winteranus, and the Tree
that bears it", Philosophical
Transactions, 17, no. 204 (1693),
922-924. ], but the fruits are very different. Sloane calls them small berries, but in reality the fruit is a capsule with many seeds inside. Hope hopes to send Linnaeus a reliable description and drawing of these parts.
Hope has sown a few seeds, which he hopes will grow and bear fruit.
Hope has not seen any specimen of the flower, which makes him uncertain of the character of the genus.
From Alexander GardenGarden, Alexander (1730-1791).
British/American. Doctor of medicine,
South Carolina. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. , Hope has just received a specimen, albeit imperfect, of the plant that Linnaeus has graciously given the name Hopaea. He sends it to Linnaeus but hopes he will be able to send a better specimen quite soon.
Hope also sends a printed drawing of Rheus palmatus, which he had sent Linnaeus once already, last summer, but which Linnaeus does not seem to have received.
Hope has examined a Lonicera from Maryland and sends Linnaeus its character, which he assures him is quite reliable. Garden has made the drawing, and Hope has checked that everything is just as it is presented there.
It seems to be a new species, but Linnaeus must decide on that.
Garden suggests that it be called Whytea in honour of a friend of theirs, who had recently died [Robert WhyttWhytt, Robert (1716-1766).
Scottish. Physician. Professor of the
theory of medicine, Edinburgh in 1747.
First physician to King George III in
Scotland in 1761. President of the Royal
college of physicians at Edinburgh
1763-1766. Father of Robert Whytt jr. ]. This man had been medicus regius, president of the doctors of Edinburgh, a good practitioner and a successful professor. His works are being printed, edited by John PringlePringle, John (1707-1782).
British. Professor of medicine,
Edinbugh. Military physician. [Hope refers to an edition, Works of Robert WhyttWhytt, Robert Works of
Robert Whytt (Edinburgh, 1768). , which was published by his son, Robert Whytt jrWhytt jr, Robert Scottish.
Sof of Robert Whytt. , who was assisted by Pringle in collecting and editing the material]. Garden’s drawing and description of the plant are found in the third volume of Essays literary and physical of Edinburgh [Hope refers to "An Account of the Indian Pink"Garden, Alexander "An
Account of the Indian Pink, by Alex.
Garden, M.D. in Charlestown, South
Carolina, Member of the Royal Society of
Upsal, and of the Philosophical Society
of Edinburgh, Communicated in three
Letters, and presented by Dr Hope",
Essays and Observations, Physical and
Literary, Read before the Philosophical
society in Edinburgh, and published by
them vol. 3 (1771), 145-153. in Essays and Observations, Physical and LiteraryThe Philosophical Society of
Edinburgh, Essays and
Observations, Physical and Literary,
Read before the Philosophical society in
Edinburgh, and published by them
(1754-) , the transactions of The Philosophical Society of EdinburghThe Philosophical Society of
Edinburgh, British. Founded in
1731 as the Society for the Improvement
of Medical Knowledge, from 1737 the
Edinburgh Society for improving Arts and
Sciences and particularly Natural
Knowledge, or The Philosophical Society
of Edinburgh. A first volume of their
Essays and Observations, Physical and
Literary appeared in 1754. A second
volume appeared in 1756, and a third in
1771. In 1782 The Philosophical Society
of Edinburgh ceased and the Royal
Society of Edinburgh was founded. ], which will be published this year [the third volume was issued in 1771]. Linnaeus shall receive a copy from Hope. If Linnaeus has a supply of seeds from his Siberian plants, of which he has a great number, Hope would be glad to receive a few.
Hope wishes Linnaeus will have a long and healthy life.
P. S. A full description of the Lonicera from Maryland is given in an appendix. There is a reference to William SherardSherard, William (1659-1728).
British. British consul in Smyrna.
Collector of botanical specimens. Took
the initiative to the first chair in
botany at Oxford. The first professor
was Johan Jacob Dillenius. Owner of the
estate Eltham in Kent. and his assistence to vol. III of John Ray’sRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
Linnaeus. , Historia plantarumRay, John Historia plantarum;
species hactenus editas aliasque insuper
multas noviter inventas & descriptas
complectens. In qua agitur primo de
plantis in genere, earumque partibus,
accidentibus & differentiis; deinde
genera omnia tum summa tum subalterna ad
species usque infimas, notis suis certis
& characteristicis definita, methodo
naturae vestigiis insistente
disponuntur, I-III (London
a. original holograph (LS, VII, 134-135).