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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4022 • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Ernst Gunnerus, 20 January 1768 n.s.
Dated 1768 d. 20 Januarii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Trondheim (Norway). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

In the autumn Linnaeus had hoped to hear that Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
had returned home safely from his journey to Nordland. Linnaeus is worried. Every day he has asked Henrik TonningTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeus’s student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
whether he has had any letter from Gunnerus. But Tonning has received none. Linnaeus wants to know whether Gunnerus is well. It is no wonder that Linnaeus is concerned because the whole of Scandinavia is dependent on Gunnerus.

Linnaeus wonders whether Gunnerus has received the sheets he sent him of the ”System” [Linnaeus means Systema naturae, 12th, editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
; obviously Linnaeus sent parts of the work as the sheets were delivered from the printer].

Linnaeus also enquires whether Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeus’s private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received Linnaeus’s letter of thanks for what was sent [this letter has not come down to us].

Linnaeus hopes soon to hear about Gunnerus’s discoveries. Linnaeus himself is confined to his museum and cannot roam about in nature.

Linnaeus asks whether Gunnerus has seen that the flowers of Carduus, Centaurea, etc., draw together when they are touched.

Linnaeus wonders whether Gunnerus has seen the small black Fasciolae that live in the streams of the Alps. They most certainly can also be found in the streams of Norway. They cause the horrid heartburn or spasmodic colic among the Laps, which has recently been described in the Acta Taurinensia [Mélanges de philosophie et de mathématique de la Société Royale de Turin; Linnaeus refers to Giovanni Pietro Maria Dana’sDana, Giovanni Pietro Maria
(1736-1801). Italian. Physician,
botanist, Turin.
, ”De hirudinis nova specie”Dana, Giovanni Pietro Maria ”De
hirudinis nova specie”,
Mélanges de philosophie et de
mathématique de la
Société Royale de
Turin
(1766), III, 199.
].

Linnaeus wonders whether the fourth part of the ”Acta” [publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters , Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
] has been published yet.

The second part containing the plants of Linnaeus’s Systema naturae has been published. Linnaeus has asked Tonning to forward it to Gunnerus. Linnaeus is now writing the third part on the stones[Linnaeus refers to the second and third volumes, ”Regnum Vegetabile” and ”Regnum Lapideum” of the 12th edition, published in 1767 and 1768].

For some time Linnaeus has received nothing new from his friends abroad.

Linnaeus sends his regards to Borchgrevink.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Norges teknisk-naturvetenskapliga universitetsbiblioteket, Trondheim, Priv. arch. 277. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Arkiv ).

upEDITIONS

1. Biskop Gunnerus' virksomhed fornemmelig som botaniker (1903), vol. IV
2. Brevveksling (1976), p. 77 .