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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4052 • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Ernst Gunnerus, 20 March 1768 n.s.
Dated 1768 d. 20 Martii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Trondheim (Norway). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus was pleased to receive Johan Ernst Gunnerus’sGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
letter dated 13 February [1768]Letter L4039. It contained many wonders of the Creator.

Linnaeus enjoyed reading about Balaena boops, since all the Cete have been obscure. Linnaeus enlightens Gunnerus regarding the following animals:


1. Limax and Doris are the same animal as Job BasterBaster, Job (1711-1775).
Dutch. Naturalist, doctor of medicine,
Leiden. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has described and illustrated in Opuscula subsecivaBaster, Job Opuscula
subseciva, observationes miscellaneas de
animalculis et plantis quibusdam
marinis, eorumque ovariis et seminibus
continentia
, 2 vol. (Haarlem,
1759-1765).
, p. 31, tab. 10, fig. 1. but not so thoroughly as Gunnerus has done, a description which should be published in the ”Acta” [Linnaeus means the publications of the Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and LettersKongelige Danske Videnskabernes
Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters
Danish. The
Academy was founded in 1742. It
establishes its name as
Kiøbenhavske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere (Copenhagen
Society of Lovers of Learning and
Science) from at least 1745 to perhaps
as late as 1770. In 1777 it became
Kongelige Videnskabers Selskab, and by
1781, it had become the Kongelige Danske
Videnskabernes Selskab (Royal Danish
Academy of Sciences and Letters). Its
publications are Skrifter som udi det
Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og
oplaeste
, 1-10 (1743/1744-1765/1769
[i.e. pub. 1745-1770]) and Skrifter
som udi det Kongelige Videnskabers
Selskab ere fremlagde og nu til trykken
befordrede
, 11-12 (1777-1779).
, Skrifter som udi det Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og oplaesteKongelige Danske Videnskabernes
Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters
Skrifter
som udi det Kiøbenhavnske Selskab
af Laerdoms og Videnskabers Elskere ere
fremlagte og oplaeste
, 1-10
(1743/1744-1765/1769 [i.e. pub.
1745-1770]).
; Gunnerus’s description was published in, "Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen nye Norske søedyr"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen
nye Norske søedyr",
Skrifter som udi det
Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og
oplaeste
, 10 (1770), 166-176.
]. Linnaeus explains why he did not dare to bring it to genus Doris but called it Limax papillosus. Linnaeus does not know the intestine worm. It might be brought to the Ascarides, though.
2. Aphrodita squamata.
3. Nereis seems to be new. Linnaeus does not know it. It is a large genus.
4. Linnaeus admires Ascidiae. There is much work to be done before all the species can be distinguished.

Ascidia qudridentata has not yet been described. Nothing will be more beautiful in the Acta than the Mollusca which few people in the world have seen or ever will see [Gunnerus’s description was published in his "Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen nye Norske søedyr"].

Veratrum album was a fine discovery by Gunnerus. Nobody would have believed that it could grow in Norway.

Gunnerus’s ”Lodde” must be Linnaeus’s Salmo eperlanus.

1. Gunnerus’s illustration does not contradict the fact that the ”Lodde” is a variety of the bigger ”Slom”.

2. If the minor variety of the ”Lodde” stinks or smells it must be Eperlanus.

3. This fish only comes to the shores in springtime; it is not otherwise seen in Sweden.

4. Figure 5 α is rather similar to Monoculus quadricornis. Fig. 5 ß, however, is definitely not a Monoculus.

Linnaeus has tried to help Henrik TonningTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeus’s student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in all possible ways. Tonning will soon leave.

Exercise is indeed very important for the health and good humour.

Linnaeus hopes that God will keep the light of the North in Gunnerus.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Norges teknisk-naturvetenskapliga universitetsbiblioteket, Trondheim, Priv. arch. 277. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Arkiv ).

upEDITIONS

1. Biskop Gunnerus' virksomhed fornemmelig som botaniker (1903), vol. IV, p. 102-103 .
2. Brevveksling (1976), p. 84-85 .