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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4069 • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 1 April 1768 n.s.
Dated d. 1. apr. 1768. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Danish.

upSUMMARY

Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
thanks Linnaeus for his last letter [presumably Linnaeus to Gunnerus, 20 January 1768Letter L4052]. He sends Linnaeus an illustration of Veratrum album. It was found at the vicarage of Kyllefjord in the eastern Finnmarken. He has now found a publisher to the second volume of his Flora [Gunnerus means his Flora NorvegicaGunnerus, Johan Ernst Flora
Norvegica, observationibus praesertim
aeconomicis panosque Norvegici
iocupletata
(Trondheim &
Copenhagen, 1766-1772), 2 vols.
]. Gunnerus wants to know what Linnaeus thinks of Veratrum before it is published. He describes its flowers. He classifies it as a ”hexandrist” [belonging to Hexandria] and refers to Linnaeus’s Genera plantarum [...] editio quintaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] editio quinta ab auctore
reformata et aucta
(Stockholm 1754).
Soulsby no. 301.
, although he can not remember exactly where in that particular work. The illustration convenes with that of Clusius [Charles de LecluseLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
]. Gunnerus discusses the Veratrum in the works of Christian Gottlieb LudwigLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, ”ect. veg.”, Clusius ”in hist.” and Johann Georg GmelinGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
” in fl. sib.” [Gunnerus refers to, Ectypa vegetabilium usibus medicis praecipue destinatorumLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
Ectypa vegetabilium usibus medicis
praecipue destinatorum
(Halle,
1760-1764).
, Rariorum plantarum historiaLecluse, Charles de Rariorum
plantarum historia. Quae accesserint,
proxima pagina docebit
(Antwerpen,
1601).
] and Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
Sibiriae
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
]. Veratrum is called ”Nysroot” in Norwegian and ”Gassem-rasse” in Lappish.

Gunnerus’s Fucus pinnatus is clearly Linnaeus’s Fucus esculentus in the twelfth edition of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
. The Norwegian ”Bu-tare”, which is given to cows, sheep, horses, etc., is preferred to all other Tare i.e. Fucus major. Gunnerus has read in old works that the Icelandic people find it tasteful. The farmers distinguish ”Butare” and ”Vaevelungstare” as two species. This fact confused Gunnerus until he could see for himself at Tromsö. Georg Christian von OederOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has got ”Butare” from Johan Gerhard KönigKönig, Johan Gerhard
(1728-1785). Danish. Physician, born in
Polish Livonia. Private pupil of
Linnaeus in 1757. Visited Iceland. Went
to Tranquebar in India, to Thailand and
Ceylon. He died on his way to Tibet.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and inserted it in his ”fl. dan” [[Flora danica]. Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in regnis Daniae et Norvegiae latissimaOeder, Georg Christian von
[Flora danica.] [Flora danica].
Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in
regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, in ducatibus
Slesvici et Holsatiae, et in comitatibus
Oldenburgi et Delmenhorstiae: ad
illustrandum opus de iisdem plantis,
regio jussu exarandum, Florae danicae
nomine inscriptum
, 17 vol., Suppl.
(1 v.) (Copenhagen 1766 [i.e.
1761]-1883).
], tab. 417.

Gunnerus’s Fucus ovinus mostly resembles Fucus palmatus. Ulva pinniformis and Ulva granulata are discussed.

Salmon, ”Laxe-Störje”, is discussed.

Gunnerus is grateful to Linnaeus for his promise to send him ”Slom” and to tell him what he thinks of the corals, etc.

Gunnerus has dealt with Turbo clathrus too hastily. It might end up as a Bucinum.

Fucus bifurcatus is correctly drawn after a fine specimen. But Gunnerus does not know whether it is a monstrous variety of Fucus saccharinus. Oeder saw it when he visited Gunnerus in 1759. In Ofoten it is called ”Heste-tare” like Fucus saccharinus.

Gunnerus has prepared the following for the fifth volume of the the Norwegian ”Acta” [Gunnerus refers to the publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
]: 1) A detailed dissertation on butter, cheese and all the Norwegian dishes of milk, etc. [Gunnerus refers to his, "Oeconomisk afhandling om alle de maader, hvorpaa melken nyttes i Norge"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Oeconomisk afhandling om alle de
maader, hvorpaa melken nyttes i
Norge", Det Kongelige Norske
Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter
, 5
(1774), 26-152.
] 2) An explanation of what can be found in Speculum regaleEinersen, Halfdan Speculum
regale cum interpretatione Danica et
latina, variis lectionibus
, ed. by
Halfdan Einersen (Sorø, 1768).
; ”Mus. W.” [Gunnerus refers to Ole Worm’sWorm, Ole (1588-1655). Danish.
Physician and antiquary. Collector of
curiosities.
Museum WormianumWorm, Ole Museum Wormianum:
seu historia rerum rariorum, tam
naturalium, quam artificialium, tam
domesticarum, quam exoticarum, quae
Hafniae Danorum in ædibus authoris
servantur
(Leiden, 1655).
], Thomas Bartholin’sBartholin, Thomas (1616-1680).
Danish. Physician, mathematician,
theologian.
, ”Hist. anat. rar.” [Historiarum anatomicarum rariorum centuriaBartholin, Thomas Historiarum
anatomicarum rariorum centuria
I-VI
(Copenhagen, 1654-1661).
], Thormod Torfaeus’sTorfaeus, Thormod (1636-1719).
?. Historian, who lived and worked for
most of his life in Norway. In 1667
appointed Royal Historian of the
Kingdom of Denmark-Norway.
, ”Grønl.” [Gronlandia antiqua, seu veteris Gronlandiae descriptio, etc.Torfaeus, Thormod Gronlandia
antiqua, seu veteris Gronlandiae
descriptio, etc.
(Copenhagen, 1715).
]
] and Arngrimur Jónsson’s [Jonae]Jónsson [Jonae], Arngrimur
(1568-1648). ?. Scholar and an
apologist.
, ”Grønl” [Gronlandia : edur Graelandz sagaJónsson [Jonae], Arngrimur
Gronlandia : edur Graelandz
saga
(Skalhollte, 1688).
, translated into Danish by A[ndreas] B[ussaeus]Bussaeus, Andreas (1679-1735).
Danish.
and published in 1732, Grönlandia eller Historie om GrønlandJónsson [Jonae], Arngrimur
& Andreas Bussaeus

Grönlandia eller Historie om
Grønland
(Copenhagen, 1732).
] 3) Some natural history specimens from his journey to Nordland.

Gunnerus will send a treatise for the Acta Hafniensia [Gunnerus means the publications of the Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and LettersKongelige Danske Videnskabernes
Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters
Danish. The
Academy was founded in 1742. It
establishes its name as
Kiøbenhavske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere (Copenhagen
Society of Lovers of Learning and
Science) from at least 1745 to perhaps
as late as 1770. In 1777 it became
Kongelige Videnskabers Selskab, and by
1781, it had become the Kongelige Danske
Videnskabernes Selskab (Royal Danish
Academy of Sciences and Letters). Its
publications are Skrifter som udi det
Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og
oplaeste
, 1-10 (1743/1744-1765/1769
[i.e. pub. 1745-1770]) and Skrifter
som udi det Kongelige Videnskabers
Selskab ere fremlagde og nu til trykken
befordrede
, 11-12 (1777-1779).
, Skrifter som udi det Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og oplaesteKongelige Danske Videnskabernes
Selskab, Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters
Skrifter
som udi det Kiøbenhavnske Selskab
af Laerdoms og Videnskabers Elskere ere
fremlagte og oplaeste
, 1-10
(1743/1744-1765/1769 [i.e. pub.
1745-1770]).
on: I. Ascidia singularis II. Ascidia octodentata III. Nereis ferruginea IV. Doris bodöensis V. Ascaris longissima VI. Ascaris pelagica pollicaris and VII. Monoculus finmarchicus, which cannot be Monoculus bicornis. [His treatise was entitled "Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen nye Norske søedyr"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen
nye Norske søedyr",
Skrifter som udi det
Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og
oplaeste
, 10 (1770), 166-176.
].

P.S. The new variety of Gentiana ciliata, which appears in Henrik Tonning’sTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeus’s student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dissertation under Linnaeus’s presidency [Gunnerus refers to Dissertatio botanico-medico sistens rariora NorwegiaeLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
botanico-medico sistens rariora
Norwegiae
, diss., resp. H. Tonning
(Uppsala, 1768). Soulsby no. 2381.
], is also found in Nordland. It comes from Skjerstad but is tenuissime serrata, which is hardly seen in a dry plant. Together with Peder HorrebowHorrebow, Peder (1728-1812).
Danish. Professor mathematics and
philosophy, Copenhagen.
, Tonning will now leave for Tromsö in order to look for people who can collect plants for Flora danica at the places in Nordland where Oeder did not go. There is a Lichen that causes problems; it resembles Lichen pubescens as to colour and comes from Romdalen and Nordmark. It has been given to Gunnerus by Eiler Hagerup KempeKempe, Eiler Hagerup
(1733-1771). Norwegian. Vicar of
Tingvoll, Norway.
who is working with a description of Nordmör. Gunnerus encloses some flowers of Veratrum for Linnaeus. here

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, VI, 46). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 86-89 .