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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4075 • Johan Christian Fabricius to Carl Linnaeus, 15 May 1768 n.s.
Dated d. XV Maj. 1768. Sent from London (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro generosissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] C[arolo] a Linné,
Arch[iatro] reg[io], Equ[iti] spl[endissimo],
Prof[essori] celeb[errimo],
s[alutem] p[lurimam] d[icit]
J[ohannes] C[hristianus] Fabricius.

Litteras TUAS, quibus me novissime beasti, maxima cum voluptate iterum iterumque perlegi. Laetor TE valere et me benevolentia TUA haud indignum aestimare, quum omnes in historia naturali progressus, qualescunque denique sint, praeceptori optimo maxime debeo.

Semina haud pauca a Dom[ino] Millero accepta ante mensem ad Zoegam meum Hafniae misi, quae, ut spero, iam accepisti. Inter illa fuerunt, nisi fallor, et semina Ortegiae et Pentstemonis. Expetii ab Ellisio aliisque semina Ellisiae, at fuit in hortis Angliae et omnino periit.

Exspectamus avide secundum tertiumque systematis Tomum, qui nondum Angliam attigerunt. Magna et antea inaudita exspecto.

Audivisti certe de succedaneo illo Theae, quod in America loco Theae adhibent incolae sub nomine Labrador Thee, at forte planta ignota, in speciebus enim plantarum haud invenio. Est Ledi species simillima nostrae charactere, odore, sapore, at stamina tantum quinque et folia paullo latiora. Parvam huius Theae quantitatem, si desideras, communicabo.

Misi etiam cum seminibus pauca specimina cryptogamiae, quae nova credidi, iudicium TUUM de illis humillime expeto. Sunt quaedam inprimis Lichenum, quae mihi satis distincta videntur. In autumno plura melioraque communicare valebo. Vidi iam in hortis plantas haud paucas nondum descriptas, quarum flores avide exspecto. Colligam, quantum valebo et simulac bene siccata sunt specimina ad TE mittam.

In autumno exspectamus opus entomologicum a D[omino] Drury editum, quod continebit descriptiones et quinquaginta tabulas insectorum Indiarum nondum descriptorum. Descriptiones amplae, taediosae, at figurae bonae, accuratae et insecta nova. Simulac prodibit specimen ad TE mittam. Florere nunc incipit historia naturalis in Anglia.

Maximoque optarem, ut liceret TEcum de insectis confabulare TUAMque de systematibus eorum sententiam audire. Tantam enim specierum inveni copiam, ut vix genera mihi sufficere videantur, et nova difficillime eruuntur.

TUAE benevolentiae me meaque studia commendo et ut nobilissimam familiam meis verbis salutes etiam etiamque rogo.

Dab[am] Lond[ini] d[ie] XV Maj[i] 1768.

upSUMMARY

Johan Christian FabriciusFabricius, Johan Christian
(1745-1808). Danish. Professor of
economy and natural history in
Copenhagen. Linnaeus’s pupil 1762-1764.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is very grateful for Linnaeus’s latest letter [this letter has not come down to us]. He is happy to know that Linnaeus is well and that he seems to appreciate Fabricius’s results.

The numerous seeds received from Philip MillerMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
a month ago have been sent to Johan ZoëgaZoëga, Johan (1742-1788).
Danish. Botanist and economist.
Linnaeus’s student 1762-1764.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[Miller to Linnaeus, 20 January 1768Letter L4021] in Copenhagen. Linnaeus should have received them by now. Among them there were seeds of Ortegia and Pentstemo. He has asked John Ellis and others for seeds of Ellisia, but they seem to have forgotten his request. The second and third volumes of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
have not reached England yet, but everybody is eagerly looking forward to reading them, expecting about the new marvels.

No doubt Linnaeus has heard of the substitute for tea, in America called Labrador tea, produced from a plant very like our Ledum as to character, smell and taste, but it has only five stamina, and their leaves are slightly bigger. If Linnaeus wishes, Fabricius can send him a sample of it.

Together with the seeds, Fabricius has also sent some specimens of cryptogams, mainly lichens, perhaps new species. He would be grateful for Linnaeus’s opinion. Fabricius has seen many plants in the gardens that have not yet been described. He will collect as many as possible and send them to Linnaeus.

Next autumn an entomological work by Dru DruryDrury, Dru (1725-1803).
British. Naturalist. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
will be published, containing descriptions and fifty pages of illustrations of Indian insects [Fabricius refers to Illustrations of natural historyDrury, Dru llustrations of
natural history. : Wherein are exhibited
upwards of two hundred and forty figures
of exotic insects, according to their
different genera [...] With a particular
description of each insect:
(London,
1770-1782).
]. The descriptions are lengthy and tedious, but the illustrations are detailed and good. Fabricius will send a copy to Linnaeus as soon as it is available. Natural history is starting to flourish in England.

It would be wonderful to get an opportunity to discuss insects with Linnaeus and learn how to systematize them. Fabricius has found so many of them that the existing genera do not seem sufficient for a classification.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, IV, 83-84). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. “Af Linnés brevvexling” (1871), p. 462-463   p.462  p.463.