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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Ernst Gunnerus, 15 June 1768 n.s.
Dated 1768 d 15 Junii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Trondheim (Norway). Written in Swedish.


Linnaeus thanks Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
for his letter dated 21 MayLetter L4072. He is pleased that Henrik TonningTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeus’s student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has returned home safely.

Gunnerus will learn about the ”Lodde” from the Eperlanus, which Tonning has brought with him in alcohol. The cranium of the head is so pellucid that the brain can be seen.

Linnaeus thinks that Monoculus would be worth seeing.

It is strange that Gunnerus’s Clio cannot be found in Swedish waters. It appears in Friedrich Martens’sMartens, Friedrich (1635-1699).
German. Surgeon and barber, Hamburg.
journey, [Linnaeus means, Spitzbergische oder Groenlandische Reise-BeschreibungMartens, Friedrich
Spitzbergische oder Groenlandische
Reise-Beschreibung, gethan im Jahre
(Hamburg, 1675).
], tab. P. fig. F.

Gunnerus’s Ascidia belongs to the same genus as Linnaeus’s. It is well described [Gunnerus’s description was published in his ”Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen nye Norske søedyr"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst
"Nogle smaa rare og meestendeelen
nye Norske søedyr",
Skrifter som udi det
Kiøbenhavnske Selskab af Laerdoms
og Videnskabers Elskere ere fremlagte og
, 10 (1770), 166-176.

Linnaeus hopes that the third volume of his Systema naturae, 12th, editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
will be published in six weeks [Linnaeus means the ”Regnum Lapideum”]. The work will be short, since the species are few; the varieties will be as many as the species, though.

Linnaeus sends his regards to Tonning. Linnaeus received Tonning’s letter [Tonning to Linnaeus, 13 May 1768Letter L4076] at the same time as Gunnerus’s. Linnaeus asks Gunnerus to give his apologies to Tonning for not having time at the present to write to him. Linnaeus also sends his regards to Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeus’s private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, if he should still be there.


a. original holograph (Norges teknisk-naturvetenskapliga universitetsbiblioteket, Trondheim, Priv. arch. 277. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Arkiv ).


1. Biskop Gunnerus' virksomhed fornemmelig som botaniker (1903), vol. IV, p. 119-120 .
2. Brevveksling (1976), p. 91 .