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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 14 July 1768 n.s.
Dated 1768 d. 14 Julii. Sent from Hammarby (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus has now received Nikolaas Laurens BurmanísBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
book [Flora IndicaBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
Flora Indica: cui accedit series
zoophytorum Indicorum, nec non prodromus
florae Capensis
(Leiden &
Amsterdam, 1768).
] from the bookbinder and he could not restrain himself from reading the whole book but he must read it all once more. It pleases him very much and he has learned many synonyms that he did not know. Linnaeus is staying at Hammarby at the moment so that he cannot compare it against his library in town. That cannot, however, stop him from reading it all, and he thinks Burman cannot find a more attentive pupil who imbibes so much from Burmanís learned teaching.

Illustrations of exotic plants are often wanting, but when Linnaeus collects all the illustrations Burman and his father [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] have done he can see that no one has done more for the botanical world than they have [besides the Flora Indica an its part about the Cape flora, see below, Linnaeus here refers to these works published by Johannes Burman: Thesaurus ZeylanicusBurman, Johannes Thesaurus
Zeylanicus, exhibens plantas in insula
Zeylana nascentes [...] Cura &
studio Joannis Burmanni
, Georg Eberhard RumpfRumpf, Georg Eberhard
(1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and
merchant in the service of the Dutch
East India Company. Governor of the
Dutch colony Ambon. He published two
works on the flora of the isle of Ambon.
, Herbarium AmboinenseRumpf, Georg Eberhard
Herbarium Amboinense, plurimas
conplectens arbores, fructices, herbas,
plantas terrestres & aquaticas, quae
in Amboina et adjacentibus reperiuntur
insulis [...] Omnia [...] Belgice
conscripsit G. E. Rumphius [...] Nunc
primum in lucem edidit, & in Latinum
sermonem vertit Joannes Burmannus [...]
qui varia adjecit synonyma, suasque
, I-VII (Amsterdam
, Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
, Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
]. Linnaeus is especially pleased to see that Burman has illustrations of Dactylis logopoides, Steris aquatica and nine more plants.

Linnaeus comments on some plants, and he will write more about the ambiguous ones when he has studied the book its entirely.

Linnaeus is also very pleased with the Cape flora [Linnaeus means the part of the Flora Indica where the section about the Cape flora is added]-

Linnaeus does not want to send an empty letter so he encloses some new seeds and seeds, collected the same day, of Hyoscyamus Scopolia that can be sown at once outdoors. It is a very special plant.

Linnaeus sends his best regards to Burmanís father.


a. original holograph (KVA, Linnť Burmannus, 1001-1003). [1] [2] [3]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 92-93 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 249-250   p.249  p.250.