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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4122 • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 20 October 1768 n.s.
Dated d. 20 octobr. 1768. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Danish.

upSUMMARY

Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
thanks Linnaeus for his letter dated 15 June 1768Letter L4089. He looks forward to receiving Linnaeus’s Mineral Kingdom [Gunnerus means the the third part, ”Regnum Lapideum” of the Systema naturae, 12th, editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
]. Gunnerus sends a dried specimen of the ”Lodde”, i.e. the bigger variety, which the Norwegians call ”Jarnlodde”, and ”Qveitelodde”, in order to find out whether it really is Linnaeus’s ”Slom” or a bigger Salmo eperlanus. The ”Nors” that Henrik TonningTonning, Henrik (1732-1796).
Danish. Physician and explorer,
Trondheim. Linnaeus’s student 1766-1768.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
brought with him has some peculiar teeth that are different from those of the ”Lodde”. Gunnerus cannot decide about the pellucid head, though. Gunnerus has not yet received the minor variety of the Norwegian ”Lodde”, i.e. ”Rognlodde”, so he has not been able to compare it with the ”Nors” that Tonning brought with him. Gunnerus sees from Peter Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
Linnaeus.
description of Eperlanus that the teeth separate the varieties. Artedi’s opinion of ”Slom” and ”Nors” is discussed. Gunnerus concludes that Artedi’s ”Lodde” cannot be the ”Slom”. If Linnaeus has specimens of ”Slom” and the bigger variety of Eperlanus, Gunnerus would like to know whether the teeth are equally big or some are those of the ”Nors” that Tonning brought with him from Uppsala.

Gunnerus has not yet received the fourth volume of the Norwegian ”Acta” [Gunnerus refers to the publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters , Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
]. However, Gunnerus will send it to Linnaeus as soon as he has received it. Knud Leem’sLeem, Knud (1697-1774).
Norwegian. Titular professor of the
Lappish language at the Seminarium
Lapponicum at Trondheim.
”Lapponia” [Gunnerus means, Beskrivelse over Finmarkens lapperLeem, Knud Beskrivelse over
Finmarkens lapper, deres tungemaal,
levemaade og forrige afgudsdyrkelse,
oplyst ved mange kaabberstykker: med J.
E. Gunneri Anmaerkninger

(Copenhagen, 1767).
] has been published, but Gunnerus has not yet received a copy. There will be some differences in the fourth volume of Skrifter compared to the twelfth edition of Systema [naturae] [Gunnerus refers to his article, "Om laxe-størjen, Scombro pelagico Linn."Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
laxe-størjen, Scombro pelagico
Linn.
", Det Kongelige Norske
Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter
, 4
(1768), 92-94.
] but for the time being Gunnerus cannot do anything about it. Gunnerus has doubts about a fish that has been brought to Salmo pelagicus [wrong for Scomber pelagicus]. An illustration in ”Museum Regium” Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis Suecorum Linnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
shows that it must be another species, perhaps a new species of Salmo. Tonning and Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeus’s private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, send their regards. Tonning is still in Trondheim. Gunnerus has, however, advised him and his friends to make a journey to a city, preferably Stockholm, Copenhagen or Paris where thay can practice medicine. Borchgrevink is now on a journey to Vardöhus with Maximilian HellHell, Maximilian (1720-1792).
Hungarian. Astronomer and an ordained
Jesuit priest, director of the
observatorium in Vienna in 1756. Upon
the invitation of the King of Denmark he
went to the north of Norway in 1769 to
observe the transit of Venus before the
sun. The Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters funded the
publication of his 1770 account of the
Venus passage.

class="Uline">Source: F.
Szenkovits, "Hell Miksa (Maximilian
Hell,1720–1792 )", Technical
Review, Historia Scientiarum 2 30
(2005) 13–26 (summary in English); art.
in Wikipedia based on Alexander
Moutchnik, Forschung und Lehre in der
zweiten Hälfte des 18.
Jahrhunderts: Der Naturwissenschaftler
und Universitätsprofessor Christian
Mayer SJ (1719-1783)
(2004).
, whom he will assist and make observations in natural history. Borchgrevink will not return from Finnmarken until next autumn; he will then travel with Hell to Copenhagen via Trondheim.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, VI, 49-50). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 92-93 .